简明英汉词典

bias
[5baiEs]
n.
偏见, 偏爱, 斜线
vt.
使存偏见

美国传统词典[双解]

bias
bi.as
AHD:[bo“…s]
D.J.[6bai*s]
K.K.[6ba!*s]
n.(名词)

(1)

A line going diagonally across the grain of fabric:
织物的斜纹线:
Cut the cloth on the bias.
沿斜纹裁开

(2)

Usage Problem
【用法疑难】

(3)

A preference or an inclination, especially one that inhibits impartial judgment.
偏见,偏心:偏好或倾向,尤指妨碍公平判断的偏见

(4)

An unfair act or policy stemming from prejudice.
偏袒:因偏见而产生的不公正行为或政策

(5)

A statistical sampling or testing error caused by systematically favoring some outcomes over others.
偏差:由于系统上的结果偏差而导致的统计抽样或试验的错误

(6)

Sports
【体育运动】

(7)

A weight or irregularity in a ball that causes it to swerve, as in lawn bowling.
斜路线:如在草地保龄球等运动中导致球转弯的球重或不规则路线

(8)

The tendency of such a ball to swerve.
拐弯球路:上述球突然转弯的倾向

(9)

The fixed voltage applied to an electrode.
偏压
adj.(形容词)
Slanting or diagonal; oblique:
斜的;偏的:
a bias fold.
斜褶
v.tr.(及物动词)
bi.ased或 bi.assed bi.as.ing或 bi.as.sing bi.as.es或 bi.as.ses

(1)

To influence in a particular, typically unfair direction; prejudice.
使有偏见:使向不公正方向施影响;使有偏见

(2)

To apply a small voltage to (a grid).
向栅极加偏压

语源

(1)

French biais [slant]
法语 biais [倾斜的]

(2)

from Proven?al
源自 普罗旺斯语

(3)

perhaps ultimately from Greek epikarsios [slanted]
可能最终源自 希腊语 epikarsios [斜的]

参考词汇

(1)

biascolorjaundiceprejudicewarp

(2)

The central meaning shared by these verbs is “to influence unfavorably or detrimentally”:
这些词共同的中心意思是“不利或有害地影响”:
past experiences that have biased his outlook;
对他前途有不利影响的经历;
behavior that has colored my opinion of her;
促使我对她有不利看法的行为;
a view of campaign promises that have become jaundiced;
对竞选许诺抱有偏见的观点;
lying that has prejudiced the public against the administration;
欺骗公众反对政府的谎言;
bitterness that has warped your judgment. See also Synonyms at incline, predilection
痛苦影响了你的判断 参见同义词 inclinepredilection

用法
In its sense of “a preference or an inclination,” bias can, in principle, be used with equal appropriateness for an inclination that is beneficial or for one that is adverse. But in a development similar to the one undergone by discrimination, bias has come to be used most commonly when it is believed that some injustice is involved. Thus, 90 percent of the Usage Panel accepts the sentence The court's ruling provided a strong endorsement of affirmative action programs as a means to counter the effect of decades of racial bias in police hiring practices. Moreover, it has become increasingly acceptable to use bias to refer not just to an unfair preference but to an unfair act or policy based on such a preference, as in “The report also notes ‘remarkably consistent’ biases in administration R&D budget requests. These included emphasis on military R&D and civil basic research” (Christian Science Monitor).
在表示“偏向或倾向”时,bias 主要可能用来表示一种有利的或不利的倾向。 但当其发展到与discrimination意思相近时, bias就更主要地用来表示不公正的倾向。 因此,百分之九十的用法使用小组成员都接受下面的句子:“法庭的裁决有力支持了把反歧视行动做为一种手段,以纠正几十年来在警察聘任上的种族偏见”。 不仅如此,bias 一词不仅越来越多地用于表示一种不公正的倾向,而且更多地用来表示一种对于不公正倾向而产生的不公正行为或政策, 如下句:“报告还提到在制定研究与发展预算申请中的‘异常一贯的’偏见。 这包括强调军队研究与发展和民用基础研究” (《基督教箴言报》)

现代英汉词典

bias
[5baIEs]
n.

(1)

(保龄球运动)使球斜 进(的力量)

(2)

偏见;成见

(3)

偏爱;嗜好
a scientific bias
科学方面的偏爱

习惯用语

cut (cloth) on the bias
斜裁(布料)

词性变化

bias
vt.
-s- 或 -ss-
使存偏见(常与against连用)
His birth background biases him against businessmen.
他出生的家庭背景使他对商人抱有偏见。

现代英汉综合大辞典

bias
[5baiEs]
n.

(1)

斜线

(2)

(保令球戏)使球斜进之力或偏重

(3)

成见, 偏见, 偏向

(4)

【电】偏压; 偏置

(5)

偏磁(录音)

(6)

(织物的)斜折, 斜裁; (织物上的)斜纹路; 斜裁滚边料[条]

(7)

【统】倾向统计值;【生】偏倚

(8)

(球的)歪圆形

(9)

恒定误差

(10)

偏流; 偏航
a racial bias
种族偏见
She has a strong musical bias.
她对音乐有强烈的爱好。

词性变化

bias
[5baiEs]
vt.
(bias(s)ed; bias(s)ing)[常用被动语态]

(1)

使有偏见; 使有倾向性; 使偏袒

(2)

【无】加偏压到
Judgment is often biased by interest.
判断往往因利害关系而产生偏差。

bias
[5baiEs]
adj.
倾 斜的, 对角的
This material requires a bias cut.
这块布必需是对角剪裁。

bias
[5baiEs]
adv.
倾斜地

继承用法

bias-off
n.
(加偏压使)截止

bias(s)ed
adj.
有偏见的

biasing
n.

(1)

偏置, 偏压

(2)

加偏压; 偏磁

习惯用语

cut on the bias
斜剪, 斜裁

be bias(s)ed towards
对...偏心

bias ... into
【电】加偏压使...进入

特殊用法

AC bias
交流偏磁, 交流偏置

aim bias
瞄准偏差

alternating current magnetic bias
交流偏磁

amplified back bias
放大的反偏压

automatic grid bias
自动栅偏压

base bias
基极偏压

blocking bias
截止偏压

C bias
栅偏压, C偏压

cathode bias
阴极偏压

critical bias
临界偏压

cross-field bias
交叉场偏磁

current bias
偏流

DC magnetic bias
直流偏磁

delay bias
延迟偏压

distortion without bias
无偏磁时失真

drain bias
漏偏压

emitter bias
发射极偏压

fixed base current bias
固定基极偏流

forward bias
正向偏压

gate bias
栅偏置, 栅偏压(场效应的)

grid bias
栅偏压

heater bias
灯丝偏压

instrumental bias
仪器偏差

just bias
最佳磁偏

kine bias
象偏

light bias

(1)

光偏置, 光偏移

(2)

光线背景

(3)

轻微漏光

long-range bias
大范围偏压

magnetic bias
磁偏

marking bias
标记偏移

minus bias

(1)

负偏压

(2)

负偏置

miss-distance bias
系统距离偏差, 系统引导偏差

negative bias
负偏压

null bias
零点偏流

optical bias
光偏置

optimum bias
最佳偏压(偏流), (录音机)最佳磁偏

positive bias
正偏压, 正偏置

pulsed bias
脉冲偏压法

reference bias
基准偏磁

reverse bias
反偏压

sampling bias
抽样偏误

self bias
自(给)偏(压)

signal bias
【无】信号偏移

target bias
靶偏压

transistor bias
晶体管偏压

unamplified back bias
非放大回授偏压

variable bias
可变偏压

voltage bias
偏压

weight bias
权偏误

zero-initial bias
零始偏压

参考词汇
prejudice    

用法词典

bias
法语 biais 斜,偏,倾斜

英文相关词典

bias
diagonal    oblique    prejudgment    prejudice    sway    

[七国语言]英汉电子大词典

bias
偏置

[七国语言]英汉电子工程大词典

bias

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

bias
倾斜

[七国语言]英汉数学大词典

bias
偏倚

[七国语言]英汉物理大词典

bias
偏差, 偏压

[七国语言]英汉信息大词典

bias
偏离

英汉双解计算机词典

bias

偏差(值),偏离(量),偏置;[移;偏压;偏流]
1.A systematic deviation of a value from a reference value.
某数值偏离参考值的一种系统偏差。 2.The amount by which the average of a set of values departs from a reference value. | 一组数值的平均值对某参考值的偏离量。 3.In teletypewriter applications, the uniform shifting of the beginning of all marking pulses from their proper positions in relation to the beginning of the start pulse. | 在电传打字机应用中,所有标记脉冲首部从它们的正常位置相对于启动脉冲首部的均匀 位移。 4.A type of telegraph distortion in which the significant intervals of the modulation do not all have their exact theoretical durations. | 一种电报失真,其中调制的有效间隔不都具有精确的、理论上的宽度。 5.A selection process in which the occurrence of one entity is more likely than the occurrence of another. | 一种选择处理,其中一个事件发生的可能性大于另一个事件。 6.In database security, an information loss effect arising from the use of perturbation techniques in inference control. It is defined as the difference between the expectation of the perturbed statistic and its true value. | 数据库安全学中,由于在引用控制中使用扰动技术而带来的信息丢失。它定义为受扰动 统计量的期望值与实际值之差。

美国传统词典

bias
bi.as
AHD:[bo“…s]
D.J.[6bai*s]
K.K.[6ba!*s]
n.

(1)

A line going diagonally across the grain of fabric:
Cut the cloth on the bias.

(2)

Usage Problem

(3)

A preference or an inclination, especially one that inhibits impartial judgment.

(4)

An unfair act or policy stemming from prejudice.

(5)

A statistical sampling or testing error caused by systematically favoring some outcomes over others.

(6)

Sports

(7)

A weight or irregularity in a ball that causes it to swerve, as in lawn bowling.

(8)

The tendency of such a ball to swerve.

(9)

The fixed voltage applied to an electrode.
adj.
Slanting or diagonal; oblique:
a bias fold.
v.tr.
bi.asedor bi.assed bi.as.ingor bi.as.sing bi.as.esor bi.as.ses

(1)

To influence in a particular, typically unfair direction; prejudice.

(2)

To apply a small voltage to (a grid).

语源

(1)

French biais [slant]

(2)

from Proven?al

(3)

perhaps ultimately from Greek epikarsios [slanted]

参考词汇

(1)

bias, color, jaundice, prejudice, warp

(2)

The central meaning shared by these verbs is “to influence unfavorably or detrimentally”:
past experiences that have biased his outlook;
behavior that has colored my opinion of her;
a view of campaign promises that have become jaundiced;
lying that has prejudiced the public against the administration;
bitterness that has warped your judgment. See also Synonyms at incline, predilection

用法
In its sense of “a preference or an inclination,” bias can, in principle, be used with equal appropriateness for an inclination that is beneficial or for one that is adverse. But in a development similar to the one undergone by discrimination, bias has come to be used most commonly when it is believed that some injustice is involved. Thus, 90 percent of the Usage Panel accepts the sentence The court's ruling provided a strong endorsement of affirmative action programs as a means to counter the effect of decades of racial bias in police hiring practices. Moreover, it has become increasingly acceptable to use bias to refer not just to an unfair preference but to an unfair act or policy based on such a preference, as in “The report also notes ‘remarkably consistent’ biases in administration R&D budget requests. These included emphasis on military R&D and civil basic research” (Christian Science Monitor).

[名词委审定]英汉电子学名词(1993)

bias
偏压

[名词委审定]英汉地质学名词(1993)

bias
偏倚

[名词委审定]英汉化学名词(1991)

bias
偏倚

[名词委审定]英汉数学名词(1993)

bias
偏倚

[名词委审定]英汉物理学名词(1996)

bias
偏置

英汉船舶大词典

bias
n.偏磁,偏流,偏移;n.位移

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

bias
【电】偏压[流];【设】偏磁;【数】偏离,偏倚[B]

英汉电信大词典

bias
n.偏压,偏统

英汉地质大词典

bias
n.偏,偏压,偏流

英汉法学大词典

bias
n.偏见 ,先入之见 ;adj.不公正

英汉纺织大词典

bias
n.狭幅丝光棉细平布,斜纹路,斜折

英汉广播大词典

bias
n.偏流,偏磁,偏压,偏统

英汉航海大词典

bias
n.偏向

英汉环境大词典

bias
n.偏压,偏置,偏航

英汉航空大词典

bias
n.偏,栅负电压;n.偏压,偏差

英汉化学大词典

bias
n.位移,偏,偏压,斜线;adj.斜的,偏动的

英汉海运大词典

bias
偏置,偏压,偏流,偏磁,偏航,偏差加偏压…,偏置…,使倾斜

基本词义

bias
偏置偏压偏流偏磁偏航偏差斜的加偏压…偏置…斜

基本词义

bias
偏置偏压偏流偏磁斜的加偏压……偏置……斜

基本词义

bias
偏斜(栅)偏压偏流偏磁(录音)偏见偏置偏压偏磁偏航偏差斜的加偏压…偏置…斜

基本词义

bias
偏斜偏流偏见偏置

英汉进出口商品词汇大全

bias
狭幅丝光棉细平布

英汉经贸大词典

bias
n.偏向

英汉计算机大词典

bias
n.位移(偏,偏压;adj.斜的(偏动的)

英汉机械大词典

bias
n.偏,偏见

英汉建筑大词典

bias
n.偏,偏离,偏压

英汉农牧林大词典

bias
n.偏置,偏压,偏航

英汉汽车大词典

bias
n.斜交

英汉贸易大词典

bias
经济预测中的倾向性,偏差,偏奇

英汉消防大词典

bias
①偏(离, 移, 置, 值, 差) ②【电】偏压〔流, 磁〕

英汉心理学大词典

bias
偏差

基本词义

bias
偏向

现代商务英汉大词典

bias
经济预测中的倾向性,偏差,偏奇

英汉冶金大词典

bias
n.偏差,偏压

英汉医学大词典

bias
n.偏,偏见

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