简明英汉词典

begin
[bI5^In]
v.
开始, 首先

美国传统词典[双解]

begin
be.gin
AHD:[b1-g1n“]
D.J.[bi6gin]
K.K.[b!6g!n]
v.(动词)
be.gan[-g2n“] be.gun[-g?n“] be.gin.ningbe.gins
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To take the first step in performing an action; start.
开始:采取行动的第一步;着手

(2)

To come into being:
开始,起源:形成,产生:
when life began.
当生命开始时

(3)

To do or accomplish in the least degree:
起步:完成或达到最低限度:
Those measures do not even begin to address the problem.
那些措施根本不能触及问题所在
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To take the first step in doing; start:
着手开始:采取行动的第一步;着手:
began work.
开始工作

(2)

To cause to come into being; originate.
使形成;产生

(3)

To come first in:
起首:第一个出现:
The numeral 1 begins the sequence.
一是数字的起首

语源

(1)

Middle English biginnen
中古英语 biginnen

(2)

from Old English beginnan
源自 古英语 beginnan

参考词汇

(1)

begincommencestartinitiateinaugurate

(2)

These verbs are compared as they denote coming or putting into operation, being, or motion or setting about taking the first step, as in a procedure.
当这些动词表示开始行动,开始产生或着手采取行动的第一步时,可以互作比较。

(3)

Begin and
Begin

(4)

commence are equivalent in meaning, though commence is more formal:
commence 意思相同,但commence 更为正式:
began the race;
开始比赛;
a play that begins at eight o'clock;
八点钟开演的节目;
commenced her career as a scientist;
开始她的科研生涯;
festivities that commenced with the national anthem.
以国歌开始的节日盛会。

(5)

Start is often interchangeable with begin and commence but can also imply setting out from a specific point, frequently following inaction:
Start 经常可以同begin 和 commence 互换, 但也可以暗指从特定一点出发,通常接在静止动作后:
Stand and visit with me for a few minutes until the train starts.
在火车启动以前站着陪我谈几分钟;
The telephone started ringing.
电话铃响起来。

(6)

Initiate applies to the act of taking the first steps in a process, without reference to what follows:
Initiate 指在一过程中采取的第一步行动,而不考虑之后如何:
The public hoped the government would initiate restrictions on imported goods.
公众希望政府能对进口货物采取限制。

(7)

Inaugurate often connotes a formal beginning:
Inaugurate 经常指正式的开始:
“The exhibition inaugurated a new era of cultural relations between the Soviet Union and United States” (Serge Schmemann).
“这次展览开创了美苏两国文化关系的新纪元。” (塞格·施密曼)

基本词义

Begin
Be.gin
AHD:[b3“g1n] Menachem (1913-1992)
D.J.[6beigin]
K.K.[6beg!n]
NONE(无词性)
Russian-born Israeli politician. He led (1943-1948) Irgun, the Zionist underground movement in Palestine. After the establishment of Israel, Begin became a political leader known for his hard-line views on the Arabs, but as prime minister (1977-1983) he strove to resolve the Arab-Israel conflict. He shared the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize with Anwar el-Sadat of Egypt.
贝京,梅纳切姆:(1913-1992) 俄裔以色列籍政治家。1943年至1948年,他在巴勒斯坦领导了伊尔干地下犹太复国主义运动。以色列建国后,作为政治领袖贝京以其对阿拉伯国家主张强硬路线的观点著名。但作为总理(1977-1983年),他努力解决阿以冲突问题。1978年他与埃及的安瓦·艾-萨达特共获诺贝尔和平奖

现代英汉词典

begin
[bI5^In]
vt., vi.
began, begun, beginning
开始
It began to rain.
天开始下雨。
The film begins at two o'clock.
电影两点钟开始。
Knowledge begin with practice.
认识从实践开始。
After running half a kilometer, I began to feel tired.
跑了500米之后,我开始感到累了。
These machines are beginning to date.
这些机器快要过时了。

习惯用语

to begin with
首先;第一点(理由)
To begin with, we must consider the faculties of the staff all-sidedly.
首先,我们必须全面地考虑全体员工的素质。
We can't go. To begin with, it's too cold.
我们不能去。首先,天太冷了。

用法词典

begin

参考词汇

(1)

begin,start,end,stop这是词义正好相反的两组词。begin 的反义词为 end;start 的反义词为 stop.

(2)

begin 表示“开始”,其内涵是“使处于进程中”
Work on it had begun before my sister left.
这座房子在我姐姐离开之前就已经动工了。
Almost immediately he began to complain about the weather,…
他几乎马上便开始抱怨天气了,……

(3)

start 表示“开始”,其内涵是“启程”。例如,“那次会议是上星期开始的”(The meeting began last week.)会议是个“过程”,在这个意义上用 begin 恰当;而“千里之行始于足下”(A thousand-li journey is started by taking the first step.)所包含的意义是启步, 所以用 start 恰当。
He started to complain about this wicked world…
他开始抱怨这万恶的世道了。……

(4)

注:begin 和 start 有时可以通用,如上面的第二句与第三句。即使可以互换,它们含义的侧重点也有所不同。某过程的停止实际上是“结束”,这时应当用 end。
The dream he had had for so many years ended there.
他做了那么许多年的梦就此结束了。
How does the story end?
那个故事是怎么结束的?

(5)

注:end 可用作名词。
Here is the end of the railway.
这里是这条铁路的终点站。
In the end we stay at home and look after everything.
结果我们呆在家里照看一切。

(6)

作为名词的 end,其反义词为 beginning。另外,begin 与 start 还有一个常用的同义词 commence。这个词与 begin 的词义几乎没有差别,只是 commence 为正式用语,而 begin 却非常普通。法律、宗教活动或战争中的大战役比较庄严,在需要表示“开始”时应当用 commence。而 commence 的反义词为 conclude,这两动词的相应名词分别为 commencement 和 conclusion。处于运动中的物体的停止,实际上是“由动到静”,这时应当用 stop。
He wants you to stop.
他要你停车。
Roy stopped his bus and telephoned the police.
罗依停下了公共汽车,就给警察打了电话。

(7)

注:cease 也有停止的意思。是 stop 的同义词。cease 适用于状态或情况,而 stop 适用于行为或进程。如两个人吵架,你大声道“别吵了!”用英语说应为:Stop it! 如何两个人吵够了,不再吵了,这时是一种平静的气氛,应当用 cease。
The quarrel has ceased now.
争吵停止了。

(8)

另外,关于 cease 和 stop 后跟不定式的问题,应当引起注意,因为它们表达了完全不同的含义。
He stopped to laugh.
他停下手头的工作哈哈大笑起来。
He ceased to laugh. 和 He stopped laughing.
都是“他停止了哈哈大笑”的意思

英文相关词典

begin
commence    start    take off    conclude    end    finish    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

begin
开始;着手

美国传统词典

begin
be.gin
AHD:[b1-g1n“]
D.J.[bi6gin]
K.K.[b!6g!n]
v.
be.gan[-g2n“] be.gun[-g?n“] be.gin.ning, be.gins
v.intr.

(1)

To take the first step in performing an action; start.

(2)

To come into being:
when life began.

(3)

To do or accomplish in the least degree:
Those measures do not even begin to address the problem.
v.tr.

(1)

To take the first step in doing; start:
began work.

(2)

To cause to come into being; originate.

(3)

To come first in:
The numeral 1 begins the sequence.

语源

(1)

Middle English biginnen

(2)

from Old English beginnan

参考词汇

(1)

begin, commence, start, initiate, inaugurate

(2)

These verbs are compared as they denote coming or putting into operation, being, or motion or setting about taking the first step, as in a procedure.

(3)

Begin and

(4)

commence are equivalent in meaning, though commence is more formal:
began the race;
a play that begins at eight o'clock;
commenced her career as a scientist;
festivities that commenced with the national anthem.

(5)

Start is often interchangeable with begin and commence but can also imply setting out from a specific point, frequently following inaction:
Stand and visit with me for a few minutes until the train starts.
The telephone started ringing.

(6)

Initiate applies to the act of taking the first steps in a process, without reference to what follows:
The public hoped the government would initiate restrictions on imported goods.

(7)

Inaugurate often connotes a formal beginning:
“The exhibition inaugurated a new era of cultural relations between the Soviet Union and United States” (Serge Schmemann).

基本词义

Begin
Be.gin
AHD:[b3“g1n] Menachem (1913-1992)
D.J.[6beigin]
K.K.[6beg!n]
NONE
Russian-born Israeli politician. He led (1943-1948) Irgun, the Zionist underground movement in Palestine. After the establishment of Israel, Begin became a political leader known for his hard-line views on the Arabs, but as prime minister (1977-1983) he strove to resolve the Arab-Israel conflict. He shared the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize with Anwar el-Sadat of Egypt.

英汉船舶大词典

begin
n.开始

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

begin
【语】开始定义符

英汉法学大词典

begin
v.开始 ,着手

英汉航空大词典

begin
n.开始,创始

英汉化学大词典

begin
vi.开始,动手,着手

英汉计算机大词典

begin
vi.开始(动手,着手

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