简明英汉词典

before
[bi5fC:]
adv.
在前, 以前
prep.
在...之前
conj.
在...之前, 与其...宁可

美国传统词典[双解]

before
be.fore
AHD:[b1-f?r“, -f?r“]
D.J.[bi6f%8r, -6four]
K.K.[b!6f%r, -6for]
adv.(副词)

(1)

Earlier in time:
在此之前:早些时候:
They called me the day before.
前一天他们给我打了电话

(2)

In front; ahead.
在…前面;在前头
prep.Abbr. bef.(介词)缩写 bef.

(1)

Previous to in time; earlier than.
…之前:在…时间之前;早于…

(2)

In front of.
在…前面

(3)

In store for; awaiting:
即将发生的;等待着的:
A young person's whole life lies before him.
年轻人的生命展现在他前面

(4)

Into or in the presence of:
进入,在…面前:
She asked that the visitor be brought before her.
她要求把访问者带到她的面前来

(5)

Under the consideration or jurisdiction of:
在考虑中,在审理中:
The case is now before the court.
这个案子现在已交庭审理

(6)

In a position superior to:
地位高于:
The prince is before his brother in the line of succession.
在王位继承权上,这个王子优于他兄弟
conj.(连接词)

(1)

In advance of the time when:
在…时间之前:
See me before you leave.
在你离开之前来见我

(2)

Rather than; sooner than:
宁可…也不愿;与其…宁可:
I will die before I will betray my country.
我宁可死也不会背叛我的国家

语源

(1)

Middle English bifore
中古英语 bifore

(2)

from Old English beforan * see per 1
源自 古英语 beforan *参见 per 1

现代英汉词典

before
[bI5fC:(r)]
conj.

(1)

在…时间之前
We had scarcely reach the school before it began to rain.
我们刚到学校天就下雨了。
Before they drive any of the buses, they will have to pass a special test.
然而在驾驶公共汽车前,他们必须通过专门测验。
The children are advised to get home before dark.
大家劝孩子们天黑以前要回家。
The newspaper deliverers have to get up before dawn every day.
送报人每天黎明前就得起床。
We'll finish the work before long.
我们不久就会完成这项工作。

(2)

与其…宁可
He'd die of hunger before he would steal
他宁愿饿死也不愿偷窃。

词性变化

before
prep.

(1)

在…前面
He stood before her.
他站在她面前。

(2)

较…为先(为早)
the day before yesterday
前天
'I told you yesterday and the day before yesterday,' he shouted,'Mr Lane was defeated in the elections.'
`我昨天告诉过你了,前天告诉过你了,'他嚷起来了,'莱恩先生在大选中被击败了。'

习惯用语

before the mast
在帆船上

before one's time
超前,太早不为人所接受
Darwin was before his time with his ideas.
达尔文思想超越了时代而不能为当代人所接受。

词性变化

before
adv.

(1)

在前

(2)

以前
I have seen you before, but I can't remember where.
我以前见过你,但是不记得在哪里了。
They've seen that TV play long before.
他们早就看过那部电视剧了。

现代英汉综合大辞典

before
[bi5fC:]
prep.

(1)

[时间]...以前
before nine o'clock
九点以前
the night before last
前晚
the day beforeyesterday
前天
before Christ
[缩写 B.C.]公元前

(2)

[位置]在...的前面; 当...面前
He sat just before me.
他就坐在我的前面。

(3)

[位次]先于; 高于
A general comes before a colonel.
将官比校官高。

(4)

[选择]与其...宁愿
Death before dishonor!
宁死不辱。
She desired no one for husband before him.
她非他不嫁。

词性变化

before
conj.
在...以前
I must finish this letter before I go home.
我必须在回家以前写完这封信。②与其...毋宁
He will die before he shall disgrace himself.
他宁肯死而决不受侮辱。

before
adv.

(1)

[与完成时态或never连用]以前; 从前
long long before
很久很久以前
I have never met him before.
以前我从来没有见过他。

(2)

[位置]在前面, 在前头
You walk before and I will follow after.
你在前面走, 我将在后面跟着。

(3)

【说明】 before long 与 long before 常易混淆

继承用法

before long
是“很快,不久”的意思, 可以用于各种时态。例如: I'll see the film before long 我不久就要看这部电影。

long before
是“很久以前”的意思。单独使用, 一般用在过去完成时的句子里。
She said she had seen the film long before.
她说她很久以前就看过这部电影。

before-metioned
adj.
上述的

before-tax
[bI`fR:`tAks]
adj.
未抽税前的

beforeness
n.
先前存在的条件

习惯用语

as before
如前所述

用法词典

before
be-在…周围、附近+-fore 前面

英文相关词典

before
earlier    formerly    in advance    previously    prior    after    behind    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

before
在前面;向前;在之前

美国传统词典

before
be.fore
AHD:[b1-f?r“, -f?r“]
D.J.[bi6f%8r, -6four]
K.K.[b!6f%r, -6for]
adv.

(1)

Earlier in time:
They called me the day before.

(2)

In front; ahead.
prep.Abbr. bef.

(1)

Previous to in time; earlier than.

(2)

In front of.

(3)

In store for; awaiting:
A young person's whole life lies before him.

(4)

Into or in the presence of:
She asked that the visitor be brought before her.

(5)

Under the consideration or jurisdiction of:
The case is now before the court.

(6)

In a position superior to:
The prince is before his brother in the line of succession.
conj.

(1)

In advance of the time when:
See me before you leave.

(2)

Rather than; sooner than:
I will die before I will betray my country.

语源

(1)

Middle English bifore

(2)

from Old English beforan * see per 1

英汉法学大词典

before
adv.以前 ,在先的专利,之前

英汉化学大词典

before
prep.在...以前,而不;以前

英汉海运大词典

before
在……前(气导)在……之前

英汉计算机大词典

before
prep.在...以前(而不);以前

英汉中医大词典

before
n.在...以前

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