简明英汉词典

bear
[bZE]
n.
v.
负担, 忍受, 带给, 具有, 挤, 向

美国传统词典[双解]

bear
bear 1
AHD:[bar]
D.J.[bW*r]
K.K.[bWr]
v.(动词)
bore[b?r, b?r] borne[b?rn, b?rn] 或 born [b?rn] bear.ingbears
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To hold up; support.
支撑;支持

(2)

To carry on one's person; convey.
亲自携带;运输

(3)

To carry in the mind; harbor:
心怀:在心里怀有;使怀有:
bear a grudge.
怀恨在心

(4)

To transmit at large; relate:
广泛散布;传播:
bearing glad tidings.
传播好消息

(5)

To have as a visible characteristic:
标有:有明显标记:
bore a scar on the left arm.
左臂上有伤痕

(6)

To have as a quality; exhibit:
显示:具有…性质;显示:
“A thousand different shapes it bears”(Abraham Cowley)
“它具备有上千种不同的形状”(亚伯拉罕·考利)

(7)

To carry (oneself) in a specified way; conduct:
举止:某人特殊的行为方式;举止:
She bore herself with dignity.
她举止高贵

(8)

To be accountable for; assume:
负责:对…负责;承担责任:
bearing heavy responsibilities.
责任重大

(9)

To have a tolerance for; endure:
容忍;忍耐:
couldn't bear his lying.
无法忍受他的谎言

(10)

To call for; warrant:
提交;准许:
This case bears investigation.
这件案子需要调查

(11)

To give birth to.
生育,生殖

(12)

To produce; yield:
生产;结(果实):
plants bearing flowers.
会开花的植物

(13)

To offer; render:
提供;给予:
I will bear witness to the deed.
我将为此契约作证

(14)

To move by or as if by steady pressure; push:
推挤:被或好象被持续不断的压力所推动;推挤:
“boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past”(F. Scott Fitzgerald)
“逆流而上的船不停地被浪头冲回来”(F.斯科特·菲茨杰拉德)
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To yield fruit; produce:
结果;生产:
peach trees that bear every summer.
桃树每年夏天结果

(2)

To have relevance; apply:
和…有关;适用:
They studied the ways in which the relativity theory bears on the history of science.
他们研究相对论与科学史相关联的方式

(3)

To exert pressure, force, or influence.
施压:施加压力、威力或影响

(4)

To force oneself along; forge.
前进:迫使自己沿着…前进;徐徐前进

(5)

To endure something with tolerance and patience:
忍受:用容忍和耐心忍受某事:
Bear with me while I explain matters.
请耐心听我的解释

(6)

To extend or proceed in a specified direction:
伸展:朝某一特定方向延伸或进行:
The road bears to the right at the bottom of the hill.
这条路在山脚向右伸展

常用词组

bear down

(1)

To overwhelm; vanquish.
击败;征服

(2)

To apply maximum effort and concentration:
全力以赴:运用最大的努力和专心:
If you really bear down, you will finish the task.
如果你真的全力以赴,你就能完成这项工作

bear out
To prove right or justified; confirm:
证实:证明是正确的或理所当然的;验证:
The test results bear out our claims.
实验结果证实了我们是对的

bear up
To withstand stress, difficulty, or attrition:
支撑:忍受压力,困难或挫折:
The patient bore up well during the long illness.
这个患者与长期的病痛顽强抗争

习惯用语

bear down on
To effect in a harmful or adverse way:
有害的或有负面影响:
Financial pressures are bearing down on them.
经济压力正在对他产生影响

bear fruit
To come to a satisfactory conclusion or to fruition.
实现:得出满意的结论或实现愿望

bear in mind
To hold in one's mind; remember:
铭记:记在心里;记得:
Bear in mind that bridges freeze before roads.
记住,桥比路先结冰

语源

(1)

Middle English beren
中古英语 beren

(2)

from Old English beran * see bher- 1
源自 古英语 beran *参见 bher- 1

参考词汇

(1)

bearendurestandabidesuffertolerate

(2)

These verbs are compared in the sense of withstanding or sustaining what is difficult or painful to undergo.
用于承受痛苦,经历困难时,把这些动词进行比较:

(3)

Bear pertains broadly to capacity to withstand:
Bear 更多地适用于承受的能力:
“Man performs, engenders, so much more than he can or should have to bear. That's how he finds that he can bear anything” (William Faulkner).
“人类所做的和引起的事情远远比他能够或必须承受的要多得多。那就是他如何发现了他能够忍受一切” (威廉·福克纳)。

(4)

Endure specifies a continuing capacity to face pain or hardship:
Endure 尤指长期面对痛苦、艰难的能力:
“Human life is everywhere a state in which much is to be endured and little to be enjoyed” (Samuel Johnson).
“无论在何处,人类生活总是忍受的苦难多,享受的欢乐少” (塞缪尔·约翰逊)。

(5)

Stand implies resoluteness of spirit:
Stand 指精神上坚毅,有决心:
The pain was too intense to stand. Actors who can't stand criticism shouldn't perform in public.
痛苦强烈得无法承受。受不了批评的演员不应在公众中演出。

(6)

Abide and the more emphatic suffer suggest resignation and forbearance:
Abide 及语气更强烈的suffer 指顺从、听任、容忍、自制:
She couldn't abide fools.
她最不能与蠢人打交道。
He suffered their insults in silence.
他默默忍受他们所施加的伤害。

(7)

Tolerate, in its principal application to something other than pain, connotes reluctant acceptance despite reservations:
Tolerate 主要用于指除痛苦之外的一些事情,含有尽管保留但勉强接受之意:
“A decent . . . examination of the acts of government should be not only tolerated, but encouraged” (William Henry Harrison).See also Synonyms at convey, produce
“对于政府就工作而做的正当检查,我们不仅应该认可,而且应该鼓励” (威廉·亨利·哈里森)参见同义词 conveyproduce

基本词义

bear
bear 2
AHD:[bar]
D.J.[bW*r]
K.K.[bWr]
n.(名词)

(1)

Any of various usually omnivorous mammals of the family Ursidae that have a shaggy coat and a short tail and walk with the entire lower surface of the foot touching the ground.
熊:一种通常具危险的熊科哺乳动物,有浓密的毛发和短尾巴,行走时脚的较低表面触地

(2)

Any of various other animals, such as the koala, that resemble a true bear.
似熊的动物:一种类似熊的其他熊类动物,如树袋熊

(3)

A large, clumsy, or ill-mannered person.
粗暴的人,卤莽的人:强壮、笨拙或脾气不好的人

(4)

One, such as an investor, that sells securities or commodities in expectation of falling prices.
卖空者,做空头者:抛售股票或商品希望造成价格下跌的人,如某位投资者

(5)

A pessimist, especially regarding business conditions.
悲观者:一个悲观者,尤指对商业情势

(6)

Slang Something that is difficult or unpleasant:
【俚语】 艰难或令人不愉快的事:
The final exam was a bear.
期末考试真难!

(7)

Slang A police officer, especially one using radar to apprehend speeding motorists.
【俚语】 警察:尤指用雷达确认超速驾车者的警察

语源

(1)

Middle English bere
中古英语 bere

(2)

from Old English bera * see bher- 2
源自 古英语 bera *参见 bher- 2

(3)

Sense 3, probably from proverb To sell the bear's skin before catching the bear
释义3,可能源自谚语 To sell the bear's skin before catching the bear

基本词义

Bear
Bear
AHD:[bar] ,Mount。
D.J.[bW*r],Mount。
K.K.[bWr],Mount。
NONE(无词性)
A peak, 4,523.5 m (14,831 ft) high, in the Wrangell Mountains of southern Alaska near the British Columbia border.
大熊山:朗格尔山脉中的一个山峰,海拔4,523.5米(14,831英尺)。位于英属哥伦比亚边境附近阿拉斯加州南部

现代英汉词典

bear 1
[beE(r)]
vt., vi.
bore, borne, bearing

(1)

载运;带走

(2)

负荷;负重

(3)

有;显示

(4)

(对某人)怀有(情感)

(5)

适合于

(6)

生(孩子)

(7)

生产(农作物或水果)
Different trees bear different fruits.
什么样的树结什么样的果。

(8)

忍受
He bears a grudge against me because I took his place in the office.
他对我怀恨在心,因为我取代了他在办公室里的位置。
to bear pain
忍痛

(9)

举止

(10)

处身;持己

(11)

转向

(12)

具有
What he has just said does not bear such a construction.
他刚才的话不是这样的意思。
X bears no relation to Y.
X和Y没有关。

习惯用语

bear in mind
牢记在心
You must bear in mind that your parents hope to depend on you to become a good doctor.
你要记住你的父母指望你成为一名好医生。

常用词组

bear down

(1)

击败

(2)

努力;压制

bear down on

(1)

逼近
The enemy warship tried to bear down on our small airboat.
敌舰企图逼近我们的小汽艇。

(2)

重 重地落在…之上 (= bear down upon)

bear on
涉及;关于 (= bear upon)
What he says bears no relation to the the problem under discussion.
他所说的与正在讨论的问题毫无关系。
How does your remark bear on this construction plan?
你的这番话与这一工程计划有什么关系?

bear out
证实

bear up

(1)

鼓起勇气;振作

(2)

支持

(3)

欢欣;高兴

bear with
容忍;忍耐
We have to bear with his bad temper because he is a bit frustrated these days.
我们不得不容忍他的坏脾气因为这些日子他有点灰心丧气。

基本词义

bear 2
[beE(r)]
n.
bears 或 bear

(1)

(2)

粗鲁的人;脾气坏的男人

(3)

〈经〉卖空,空头

习惯用语

the Great Bear
〈天〉大熊星座

the Little Bear
〈天〉小熊星座

现代英汉综合大辞典

bear
[bZE]
n.

(1)

(2)

粗鲁无礼的人, 脾气暴躁的人; 笨拙的人

(3)

【机】打孔器; 小型冲孔机

(4)

卖空的证券交易投机商(俗称空头)

(5)

熊棕色

(6)

显示非常才能的人

(7)

[美 俚]警察

(8)

[Bear ]俄国

(9)

[Bear ](大小)熊星

(10)

垫料

(11)

擦洗甲板的木块
polar bear
北极熊
punching bear
He is such a bear that nobody likes him.
他是一个粗鲁无礼的人, 没有人喜欢他。

词性变化

bear
vt.
使跌价; 卖空
attempts to bear the stock market
企图压低股票行情

bear
adj.
(股票行情)疲软的

继承用法

bearbaiting
[`beE9beItIN]
n.
犬熊相斗戏

bearbane
n.
熊毒乌头

bearberry
[`beEbLrI]
n.

(1)

熊果

(2)

落叶冬青

bearcat
[`beEkAt]
n.
(=panda)熊猫; [俗]蛮干者

bear-pit
n.
(动物园)展出熊的凹坑

bear's -breech
n.
老鼠属植物, 茛苕

bearskin
[5beEskIn]
n.

(1)

熊皮制品

(2)

象熊皮的粗毛织品

bearward
n.
饲熊者

bearwood
[`beEwJd]
n.
药属李

bearlike
adj.

习惯用语

Are you there with your bears?
[废, 口]又是你?你又来啦?你又这样干?(对于短时间内再一次碰到的人[事情]的惊异语)

cross as a bear
脾气很坏[暴躁]

cross with a sore head
脾气很坏[暴躁]

sulky as a bear
脾气很坏[暴躁]

sulky with a sore head
脾气很坏[暴躁]

surly as a bear
脾气很坏[暴躁]

surly with a sore head
脾气很坏[暴躁]

as cross as a bear
脾气很坏[暴躁]

as cross with a sore head
脾气很坏[暴躁]

as sulky as a bear
脾气很坏[暴躁]

as sulky with a sore head
脾气很坏[暴躁]

as surly as a bear
脾气很坏[暴躁]

as surly with a sore head
脾气很坏[暴躁]

(as) gruff as a bear
粗暴得象一只熊; 非常粗鲁

be a bear for
有精力, 有能耐, 有特殊才能, 有兴趣(做某事); 经得起(紧张工作)

be a bear for punishment

(1)

经得起折磨

(2)

倔强的, 顽强的

bridled bear
[谑]旅行中受教师管教的富家子弟或贵族子弟

Catch the bear before you sell his skin.
[谑]先捉到熊再卖皮。

Had it been a bear it would have bitten you.
戴着眼镜找眼镜(嘲笑别人到远处去找近在眼前的东西)。

like a bear with a sore head
脾气坏的, 粗暴的

loaded for bear

(1)

具备成功的条件; 有充分准备

(2)

发怒; 准备打架; 准备毁坏对方名誉

(3)

[古、方]喝醉

play the bear
举止粗暴, 言语粗鲁

play the bear with
[废]破坏, 损害

Sell the bear's skin before one has caught the bear.
[谚]熊未捉到先卖皮(意指过早乐观)。

take a bear by the tooth
胆大妄为, 作不必要的冒险

the Great Bear
【天】大熊座

the little Bear
【天】小熊座

用法词典

bear

参考词汇

(1)

bear,suffer,endure,tolerate,stand这组动词都有“忍受”的意思

(2)

bear 和 suffer 可以表示“对强加的任何东西的忍受”,bear 侧重于表示“忍受沉重或难办的事”。
In the end,I could not bear it.
最后,我受不了啦。
When my old friend Brian urged me to accept a cigarette,it was more than I could bear.
当老朋友布赖恩怂恿我接受一只香烟时,我就受不住了。

(3)

而 suffer 侧重于表示“忍受或经受令人不愉快的、甚至于痛苦的事”。
…;and no benefactions and research endowments can make up for the change in character which the city has suffered.
捐款和科研经费决不能弥补大学城所经受的性质上的变化。

(4)

endure 强调“长时间的忍受痛苦而不屈服”。
What can't be cured must be endured.
治不好的病就必须忍受。(谚语)
Travellers in space have to endure many discomforts in their rockets.
宇宙旅行家不得不在火箭中忍受许多不舒适的东西

(5)

tolerate 和 stand 都表示“忍受令人生厌的事”。tolerate 的内涵是“为了和平或融洽而不反对”
Why people are prepared to tolerate a four hour journey each day for the dubious privilege of living in the country is beyond my ken.
为了农村生活的模糊的好处,人们为何甘愿忍受每天在路上花四个小时,这便超越了我的见识了。
Considering his home situation,he had to tolerate his wife.
考虑到家中的情形,他不得不忍让妻子了。

(6)

stand 常与 bear 通用,如果用词确切,stand 总包含着“不退让”、“不畏缩”的“忍受”。
He can stand more pain than anyone else I know.
他比我认识的任何人都更能忍受痛苦。
He stood the test of war.
他经受住了战争的考验。

英文相关词典

bear
animal    carry    endure    hold    produce    support    withstand    yield    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

bear
忍受;含有

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

bear

美国传统词典

bear
bear 1
AHD:[bar]
D.J.[bW*r]
K.K.[bWr]
v.
bore[b?r, b?r] borne[b?rn, b?rn] or born [b?rn] bear.ing, bears
v.tr.

(1)

To hold up; support.

(2)

To carry on one's person; convey.

(3)

To carry in the mind; harbor:
bear a grudge.

(4)

To transmit at large; relate:
bearing glad tidings.

(5)

To have as a visible characteristic:
bore a scar on the left arm.

(6)

To have as a quality; exhibit:
“A thousand different shapes it bears”(Abraham Cowley)

(7)

To carry (oneself) in a specified way; conduct:
She bore herself with dignity.

(8)

To be accountable for; assume:
bearing heavy responsibilities.

(9)

To have a tolerance for; endure:
couldn't bear his lying.

(10)

To call for; warrant:
This case bears investigation.

(11)

To give birth to.

(12)

To produce; yield:
plants bearing flowers.

(13)

To offer; render:
I will bear witness to the deed.

(14)

To move by or as if by steady pressure; push:
“boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past”(F. Scott Fitzgerald)
v.intr.

(1)

To yield fruit; produce:
peach trees that bear every summer.

(2)

To have relevance; apply:
They studied the ways in which the relativity theory bears on the history of science.

(3)

To exert pressure, force, or influence.

(4)

To force oneself along; forge.

(5)

To endure something with tolerance and patience:
Bear with me while I explain matters.

(6)

To extend or proceed in a specified direction:
The road bears to the right at the bottom of the hill.

常用词组

bear down

(1)

To overwhelm; vanquish.

(2)

To apply maximum effort and concentration:
If you really bear down, you will finish the task.

bear out
To prove right or justified; confirm:
The test results bear out our claims.

bear up
To withstand stress, difficulty, or attrition:
The patient bore up well during the long illness.

习惯用语

bear down on
To effect in a harmful or adverse way:
Financial pressures are bearing down on them.

bear fruit
To come to a satisfactory conclusion or to fruition.

bear in mind
To hold in one's mind; remember:
Bear in mind that bridges freeze before roads.

语源

(1)

Middle English beren

(2)

from Old English beran * see bher- 1

参考词汇

(1)

bear, endure, stand, abide, suffer, tolerate

(2)

These verbs are compared in the sense of withstanding or sustaining what is difficult or painful to undergo.

(3)

Bear pertains broadly to capacity to withstand:
“Man performs, engenders, so much more than he can or should have to bear. That's how he finds that he can bear anything” (William Faulkner).

(4)

Endure specifies a continuing capacity to face pain or hardship:
“Human life is everywhere a state in which much is to be endured and little to be enjoyed” (Samuel Johnson).

(5)

Stand implies resoluteness of spirit:
The pain was too intense to stand. Actors who can't stand criticism shouldn't perform in public.

(6)

Abide and the more emphatic suffer suggest resignation and forbearance:
She couldn't abide fools.
He suffered their insults in silence.

(7)

Tolerate, in its principal application to something other than pain, connotes reluctant acceptance despite reservations:
“A decent . . . examination of the acts of government should be not only tolerated, but encouraged” (William Henry Harrison).See also Synonyms at convey, produce

基本词义

bear
bear 2
AHD:[bar]
D.J.[bW*r]
K.K.[bWr]
n.

(1)

Any of various usually omnivorous mammals of the family Ursidae that have a shaggy coat and a short tail and walk with the entire lower surface of the foot touching the ground.

(2)

Any of various other animals, such as the koala, that resemble a true bear.

(3)

A large, clumsy, or ill-mannered person.

(4)

One, such as an investor, that sells securities or commodities in expectation of falling prices.

(5)

A pessimist, especially regarding business conditions.

(6)

Slang Something that is difficult or unpleasant:
The final exam was a bear.

(7)

Slang A police officer, especially one using radar to apprehend speeding motorists.

语源

(1)

Middle English bere

(2)

from Old English bera * see bher- 2

(3)

Sense 3, probably from proverb To sell the bear's skin before catching the bear

基本词义

Bear
Bear
AHD:[bar] ,Mount.
D.J.[bW*r],Mount.
K.K.[bWr],Mount.
NONE
A peak, 4,523.5 m (14,831 ft) high, in the Wrangell Mountains of southern Alaska near the British Columbia border.

英汉船舶大词典

bear
n.承受,打孔器,挂旗帜,带有,有,支持

英汉地质大词典

bear
n.支承,掏槽,结块

英汉法学大词典

bear
v.承担 ,承受,负,负担,空头, 卖空

英汉纺织大词典

bear
n.带有,有,支持

英汉航海大词典

bear
n.卖空

英汉化学大词典

bear
vi.承受,负担;n.熊

英汉海运大词典

bear
在……方向指向负担,承担承受打孔机,小冲床,甲板清洗机熊

基本词义

bear
打孔器,小型冲孔机,小冲床空头(证券交易所投机商)支持,支承负荷,负担带有忍耐,承受向…方向,指向挂旗帜

基本词义

bear
卖空,空头

基本词义

bear
打孔器,小型冲孔机,小冲床空头(证券交易所投机商)支持,支承负荷,负担带有忍耐,承受向…方向,指向挂旗帜大熊星座或小熊星座

基本词义

bear
打孔器,小型冲孔机,小冲床空头(证券交易所投机商)支持,支承,负荷负担,带有,忍耐,承受向…方向,指向挂旗帜卖空,空头在…方向,承担,打孔机,熊

英汉经贸大词典

bear
n.卖空

英汉计算机大词典

bear
vi.承受(负担);n.熊

英汉机械大词典

bear
n.带有,有

英汉建筑大词典

bear
n.支承,负担,忍受

最新会计师英汉大词典

bear
承担,卖空

英汉农牧林大词典

bear
n.产仔,结实,熊

航空英语缩写词典

BEAR
Bearing 轴承,方位

英汉水利大词典

bear
n.负担,承受,支持

英汉贸易大词典

bear
卖空,空头,空头业者,承担

现代商务英汉大词典

bear
卖空,空头,空头业者,承担

英汉冶金大词典

bear
n.结块,炉缸积铁

英汉中医大词典

bear
n.熊,承受,忍受

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