简明英汉词典

bear down on
v.
施压加力于...,冲向, 袭击

美国传统词典[双解]

bear
bear 1
AHD:[bar]
D.J.[bW*r]
K.K.[bWr]
v.(动词)
bore[b?r, b?r] borne[b?rn, b?rn] 或 born [b?rn] bear.ingbears
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To hold up; support.
支撑;支持

(2)

To carry on one's person; convey.
亲自携带;运输

(3)

To carry in the mind; harbor:
心怀:在心里怀有;使怀有:
bear a grudge.
怀恨在心

(4)

To transmit at large; relate:
广泛散布;传播:
bearing glad tidings.
传播好消息

(5)

To have as a visible characteristic:
标有:有明显标记:
bore a scar on the left arm.
左臂上有伤痕

(6)

To have as a quality; exhibit:
显示:具有…性质;显示:
“A thousand different shapes it bears”(Abraham Cowley)
“它具备有上千种不同的形状”(亚伯拉罕·考利)

(7)

To carry (oneself) in a specified way; conduct:
举止:某人特殊的行为方式;举止:
She bore herself with dignity.
她举止高贵

(8)

To be accountable for; assume:
负责:对…负责;承担责任:
bearing heavy responsibilities.
责任重大

(9)

To have a tolerance for; endure:
容忍;忍耐:
couldn't bear his lying.
无法忍受他的谎言

(10)

To call for; warrant:
提交;准许:
This case bears investigation.
这件案子需要调查

(11)

To give birth to.
生育,生殖

(12)

To produce; yield:
生产;结(果实):
plants bearing flowers.
会开花的植物

(13)

To offer; render:
提供;给予:
I will bear witness to the deed.
我将为此契约作证

(14)

To move by or as if by steady pressure; push:
推挤:被或好象被持续不断的压力所推动;推挤:
“boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past”(F. Scott Fitzgerald)
“逆流而上的船不停地被浪头冲回来”(F.斯科特·菲茨杰拉德)
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To yield fruit; produce:
结果;生产:
peach trees that bear every summer.
桃树每年夏天结果

(2)

To have relevance; apply:
和…有关;适用:
They studied the ways in which the relativity theory bears on the history of science.
他们研究相对论与科学史相关联的方式

(3)

To exert pressure, force, or influence.
施压:施加压力、威力或影响

(4)

To force oneself along; forge.
前进:迫使自己沿着…前进;徐徐前进

(5)

To endure something with tolerance and patience:
忍受:用容忍和耐心忍受某事:
Bear with me while I explain matters.
请耐心听我的解释

(6)

To extend or proceed in a specified direction:
伸展:朝某一特定方向延伸或进行:
The road bears to the right at the bottom of the hill.
这条路在山脚向右伸展

常用词组

bear down

(1)

To overwhelm; vanquish.
击败;征服

(2)

To apply maximum effort and concentration:
全力以赴:运用最大的努力和专心:
If you really bear down, you will finish the task.
如果你真的全力以赴,你就能完成这项工作

bear out
To prove right or justified; confirm:
证实:证明是正确的或理所当然的;验证:
The test results bear out our claims.
实验结果证实了我们是对的

bear up
To withstand stress, difficulty, or attrition:
支撑:忍受压力,困难或挫折:
The patient bore up well during the long illness.
这个患者与长期的病痛顽强抗争

习惯用语

bear down on
To effect in a harmful or adverse way:
有害的或有负面影响:
Financial pressures are bearing down on them.
经济压力正在对他产生影响

bear fruit
To come to a satisfactory conclusion or to fruition.
实现:得出满意的结论或实现愿望

bear in mind
To hold in one's mind; remember:
铭记:记在心里;记得:
Bear in mind that bridges freeze before roads.
记住,桥比路先结冰

语源

(1)

Middle English beren
中古英语 beren

(2)

from Old English beran * see bher- 1
源自 古英语 beran *参见 bher- 1

参考词汇

(1)

bearendurestandabidesuffertolerate

(2)

These verbs are compared in the sense of withstanding or sustaining what is difficult or painful to undergo.
用于承受痛苦,经历困难时,把这些动词进行比较:

(3)

Bear pertains broadly to capacity to withstand:
Bear 更多地适用于承受的能力:
“Man performs, engenders, so much more than he can or should have to bear. That's how he finds that he can bear anything” (William Faulkner).
“人类所做的和引起的事情远远比他能够或必须承受的要多得多。那就是他如何发现了他能够忍受一切” (威廉·福克纳)。

(4)

Endure specifies a continuing capacity to face pain or hardship:
Endure 尤指长期面对痛苦、艰难的能力:
“Human life is everywhere a state in which much is to be endured and little to be enjoyed” (Samuel Johnson).
“无论在何处,人类生活总是忍受的苦难多,享受的欢乐少” (塞缪尔·约翰逊)。

(5)

Stand implies resoluteness of spirit:
Stand 指精神上坚毅,有决心:
The pain was too intense to stand. Actors who can't stand criticism shouldn't perform in public.
痛苦强烈得无法承受。受不了批评的演员不应在公众中演出。

(6)

Abide and the more emphatic suffer suggest resignation and forbearance:
Abide 及语气更强烈的suffer 指顺从、听任、容忍、自制:
She couldn't abide fools.
她最不能与蠢人打交道。
He suffered their insults in silence.
他默默忍受他们所施加的伤害。

(7)

Tolerate, in its principal application to something other than pain, connotes reluctant acceptance despite reservations:
Tolerate 主要用于指除痛苦之外的一些事情,含有尽管保留但勉强接受之意:
“A decent . . . examination of the acts of government should be not only tolerated, but encouraged” (William Henry Harrison).See also Synonyms at convey, produce
“对于政府就工作而做的正当检查,我们不仅应该认可,而且应该鼓励” (威廉·亨利·哈里森)参见同义词 conveyproduce

基本词义

bear
bear 2
AHD:[bar]
D.J.[bW*r]
K.K.[bWr]
n.(名词)

(1)

Any of various usually omnivorous mammals of the family Ursidae that have a shaggy coat and a short tail and walk with the entire lower surface of the foot touching the ground.
熊:一种通常具危险的熊科哺乳动物,有浓密的毛发和短尾巴,行走时脚的较低表面触地

(2)

Any of various other animals, such as the koala, that resemble a true bear.
似熊的动物:一种类似熊的其他熊类动物,如树袋熊

(3)

A large, clumsy, or ill-mannered person.
粗暴的人,卤莽的人:强壮、笨拙或脾气不好的人

(4)

One, such as an investor, that sells securities or commodities in expectation of falling prices.
卖空者,做空头者:抛售股票或商品希望造成价格下跌的人,如某位投资者

(5)

A pessimist, especially regarding business conditions.
悲观者:一个悲观者,尤指对商业情势

(6)

Slang Something that is difficult or unpleasant:
【俚语】 艰难或令人不愉快的事:
The final exam was a bear.
期末考试真难!

(7)

Slang A police officer, especially one using radar to apprehend speeding motorists.
【俚语】 警察:尤指用雷达确认超速驾车者的警察

语源

(1)

Middle English bere
中古英语 bere

(2)

from Old English bera * see bher- 2
源自 古英语 bera *参见 bher- 2

(3)

Sense 3, probably from proverb To sell the bear's skin before catching the bear
释义3,可能源自谚语 To sell the bear's skin before catching the bear

现代英汉词典

bear 1
[beE(r)]
vt., vi.
bore, borne, bearing

(1)

载运;带走

(2)

负荷;负重

(3)

有;显示

(4)

(对某人)怀有(情感)

(5)

适合于

(6)

生(孩子)

(7)

生产(农作物或水果)
Different trees bear different fruits.
什么样的树结什么样的果。

(8)

忍受
He bears a grudge against me because I took his place in the office.
他对我怀恨在心,因为我取代了他在办公室里的位置。
to bear pain
忍痛

(9)

举止

(10)

处身;持己

(11)

转向

(12)

具有
What he has just said does not bear such a construction.
他刚才的话不是这样的意思。
X bears no relation to Y.
X和Y没有关。

习惯用语

bear in mind
牢记在心
You must bear in mind that your parents hope to depend on you to become a good doctor.
你要记住你的父母指望你成为一名好医生。

常用词组

bear down

(1)

击败

(2)

努力;压制

bear down on

(1)

逼近
The enemy warship tried to bear down on our small airboat.
敌舰企图逼近我们的小汽艇。

(2)

重 重地落在…之上 (= bear down upon)

bear on
涉及;关于 (= bear upon)
What he says bears no relation to the the problem under discussion.
他所说的与正在讨论的问题毫无关系。
How does your remark bear on this construction plan?
你的这番话与这一工程计划有什么关系?

bear out
证实

bear up

(1)

鼓起勇气;振作

(2)

支持

(3)

欢欣;高兴

bear with
容忍;忍耐
We have to bear with his bad temper because he is a bit frustrated these days.
我们不得不容忍他的坏脾气因为这些日子他有点灰心丧气。

基本词义

bear 2
[beE(r)]
n.
bears 或 bear

(1)

(2)

粗鲁的人;脾气坏的男人

(3)

〈经〉卖空,空头

习惯用语

the Great Bear
〈天〉大熊星座

the Little Bear
〈天〉小熊星座

美国传统词典

bear
bear 1
AHD:[bar]
D.J.[bW*r]
K.K.[bWr]
v.
bore[b?r, b?r] borne[b?rn, b?rn] or born [b?rn] bear.ing, bears
v.tr.

(1)

To hold up; support.

(2)

To carry on one's person; convey.

(3)

To carry in the mind; harbor:
bear a grudge.

(4)

To transmit at large; relate:
bearing glad tidings.

(5)

To have as a visible characteristic:
bore a scar on the left arm.

(6)

To have as a quality; exhibit:
“A thousand different shapes it bears”(Abraham Cowley)

(7)

To carry (oneself) in a specified way; conduct:
She bore herself with dignity.

(8)

To be accountable for; assume:
bearing heavy responsibilities.

(9)

To have a tolerance for; endure:
couldn't bear his lying.

(10)

To call for; warrant:
This case bears investigation.

(11)

To give birth to.

(12)

To produce; yield:
plants bearing flowers.

(13)

To offer; render:
I will bear witness to the deed.

(14)

To move by or as if by steady pressure; push:
“boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past”(F. Scott Fitzgerald)
v.intr.

(1)

To yield fruit; produce:
peach trees that bear every summer.

(2)

To have relevance; apply:
They studied the ways in which the relativity theory bears on the history of science.

(3)

To exert pressure, force, or influence.

(4)

To force oneself along; forge.

(5)

To endure something with tolerance and patience:
Bear with me while I explain matters.

(6)

To extend or proceed in a specified direction:
The road bears to the right at the bottom of the hill.

常用词组

bear down

(1)

To overwhelm; vanquish.

(2)

To apply maximum effort and concentration:
If you really bear down, you will finish the task.

bear out
To prove right or justified; confirm:
The test results bear out our claims.

bear up
To withstand stress, difficulty, or attrition:
The patient bore up well during the long illness.

习惯用语

bear down on
To effect in a harmful or adverse way:
Financial pressures are bearing down on them.

bear fruit
To come to a satisfactory conclusion or to fruition.

bear in mind
To hold in one's mind; remember:
Bear in mind that bridges freeze before roads.

语源

(1)

Middle English beren

(2)

from Old English beran * see bher- 1

参考词汇

(1)

bear, endure, stand, abide, suffer, tolerate

(2)

These verbs are compared in the sense of withstanding or sustaining what is difficult or painful to undergo.

(3)

Bear pertains broadly to capacity to withstand:
“Man performs, engenders, so much more than he can or should have to bear. That's how he finds that he can bear anything” (William Faulkner).

(4)

Endure specifies a continuing capacity to face pain or hardship:
“Human life is everywhere a state in which much is to be endured and little to be enjoyed” (Samuel Johnson).

(5)

Stand implies resoluteness of spirit:
The pain was too intense to stand. Actors who can't stand criticism shouldn't perform in public.

(6)

Abide and the more emphatic suffer suggest resignation and forbearance:
She couldn't abide fools.
He suffered their insults in silence.

(7)

Tolerate, in its principal application to something other than pain, connotes reluctant acceptance despite reservations:
“A decent . . . examination of the acts of government should be not only tolerated, but encouraged” (William Henry Harrison).See also Synonyms at convey, produce

基本词义

bear
bear 2
AHD:[bar]
D.J.[bW*r]
K.K.[bWr]
n.

(1)

Any of various usually omnivorous mammals of the family Ursidae that have a shaggy coat and a short tail and walk with the entire lower surface of the foot touching the ground.

(2)

Any of various other animals, such as the koala, that resemble a true bear.

(3)

A large, clumsy, or ill-mannered person.

(4)

One, such as an investor, that sells securities or commodities in expectation of falling prices.

(5)

A pessimist, especially regarding business conditions.

(6)

Slang Something that is difficult or unpleasant:
The final exam was a bear.

(7)

Slang A police officer, especially one using radar to apprehend speeding motorists.

语源

(1)

Middle English bere

(2)

from Old English bera * see bher- 2

(3)

Sense 3, probably from proverb To sell the bear's skin before catching the bear

英汉航海大词典

bear down on
vt.冲向,压向

英汉化学大词典

bear down on
vt.压于,对...施加压力

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