简明英汉词典

bark
[bB:k]
n.
树皮, 吠声
v.
吠, 咆哮, 剥树皮

美国传统词典[双解]

bark
bark 1
AHD:[b?rk]
D.J.[b$8k]
K.K.[b$k]
n.(名词)

(1)

The harsh, abrupt sound uttered by a dog.
吠声:刺耳的短促的狗叫声

(2)

A sound, such as a cough, that is similar to a dog's bark.
似吠声:似狗叫的声音,如咳嗽
v.(动词)
barkedbark.ingbarks
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To utter the harsh, abrupt sound of a dog.
吠,吼叫:发出刺耳短促的狗叫声

(2)

To make a sound similar to a bark:
犬吠声:发出犬叫似的声响:
“The birds bark softly, sounding almost like young pups”(Charleston SC News and Courier)
“鸟象小狗似地清脆柔和地叫着”(查尔斯市新闻和信使报)

(3)

To speak sharply; snap:
厉声说话;急促地说:
“It is power that can often be misused—as when an obscure lieutenant colonel can bark at a Pentagon general, commanding him to do something questionable ‘because the White House wants it done’”(John Hughes)
“经常被误用的是权力──如一无名中校厉声命令五角大楼的将军去做可疑之事,‘因为白宫希望这样做’”(约翰·休斯)

(4)

To work as a barker, as at a carnival.
大叫大喊招徕顾客:如在巡回演出的游艺团里当招徕观众的人
v.tr.(及物动词)
To utter in a loud, harsh voice:
厉声喊出,仓促地说出:
The quarterback barked out the signals.
(橄榄球赛中的)四分卫厉声发出信号

习惯用语

bark up the wrong tree
To misdirect one's energies or attention.
找错目标:精力或注意力集中在错误地方

语源

(1)

From Middle English berken [to bark]
源自 中古英语 berken [吠叫]

(2)

from Old English beorcan
源自 古英语 beorcan

基本词义

bark
bark 2
AHD:[b?rk]
D.J.[b$8k]
K.K.[b$k]
n.(名词)

(1)

The tough outer covering of the woody stems and roots of trees, shrubs, and other woody plants. It includes all tissues outside the vascular cambium.
树皮,茎皮:包在树、灌木和其它木本植物的根部、茎部的硬皮,包括维管形成层外的所有组织

(2)

A specific kind of bark used for a special purpose, as in tanning or medicine.
特殊树皮:一种特殊树皮,有特殊用途,如用于制革或医药
v.tr.(及物动词)
barkedbark.ingbarks

(1)

To remove bark from (a tree or log).
剥皮:剥去(树木或木料)的皮

(2)

To rub off the skin of; abrade:
擦破…的皮;擦伤:
barked my shin on the car door.
小汽车车门擦伤了我的胫部

(3)

To treat medically, tan, or dye using bark.
用树皮治病、制革或印染

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old Norse b?rkr
源自 古斯堪的纳维亚语 b?rkr

基本词义

bark
bark 3也作 barque
AHD:[b?rk]
D.J.[b$8k]
K.K.[b$k]
n.Nautical (名词)【航海】

(1)

A sailing ship with from three to five masts, all of them square-rigged except the after mast, which is fore-and-aft rigged.
三桅帆船:有三至五个桅杆的帆船,除了后部的桅杆有纵帆装置其余桅杆都有横帆装置

(2)

A small vessel that is propelled by oars or sails.
轻舟:用桨或帆驱动的小船

语源

(1)

Middle English barke [boat]
中古英语 barke [船]

(2)

from Old French barque
源自 古法语 barque

(3)

from Old Italian barca
源自 古意大利语 barca

(4)

from Latin
源自 拉丁语

现代英汉词典

bark 1
[bB:k]
n.

(1)

吠声;狗叫声

(2)

似狗叫声

(3)

咆哮

词性变化

bark
vi.

(1)

吠;狗叫
Barking dogs do not bite.(谚); Barking dogs seldom bite.(谚)
吠犬不咬人。
Dogs always bark at strangers.
狗总是对着陌生人吠。

(2)

(枪炮)发出声响

(3)

吼叫;大声喊叫
Then he sits and barks until someone lets him out.
然后它便坐在那里直叫到有人放它出去为止。
The officer barked out an order.
那军官大声发出命令。

基本词义

bark 2
[bB:k]
n.
树皮

词性变化

bark
vt.

(1)

剥树皮

(2)

擦破皮肤
to bark one's shin
擦破了小腿上的皮肤

基本词义

bark 3
[bB:k]
n.
三桅船,四桅船

现代英汉综合大辞典

bark
[bB:k]
n.

(1)

树皮; 茎皮; 鞣酸皮; [俚]皮肤

(2)

脱炭薄层; 染槽, 染缸
The bark of some trees can be used as medicine.
有些树皮可以作药材。

词性变化

bark
[bB:k]
vt.

(1)

剥(树皮)

(2)

覆以树皮

(3)

用树皮鞣(革)

(4)

擦破(皮肤)
He fell down the steps and barked his shins.
他从台阶上跌下来, 擦破了小腿上的皮。

继承用法

bark-bed
n.
鞣革的温床

bark-bound
adj.
被树皮紧箍而生长受阻的; 皮封的 -less

词性变化

bark
[bB:k]
adj.

习惯用语

between the bark and the wood
对双方无得失

come between the bark and the tree
管闲事(特别是人的家务事)

go between the bark and the tree
管闲事(特别是人的家务事)

take thebark of sb.
[美俚]揍某人一顿

take the bark of sth.
剥去某事物动人的外表; 降低某事物的价值

talk the bark off a tree
[美口]哇啦哇啦地说个不停; 痛骂一顿

tighter than the barkon a tree
[美]极吝啬的

with the bark on
[美口]质朴的, 粗鲁的

特殊用法

alder bark
赤杨树皮(单宁材料)

cassia bark
肉桂皮

cryptocaria bark
厚壳桂皮

fever bark
退热树皮

fissured bark
裂缝状树皮

flake bark
片状树皮

fringe tree bark
流苏树皮

Honduras bark
苦樗皮

horse chestnut bark
马栗树皮

late bark
晚皮(主要为薄壁组织及少数小筛管及筛细胞)

hard bark
晚皮(主要为薄壁组织及少数小筛管及筛细胞)

ordeal bark
毒树皮

outer dead bark
外皮

over bark
外皮

primary bark
初生粗皮, 初生皮

raw bark
粗皮

renewed bark
更新树皮

rimose bark
龟裂的树皮

ring bark
环状剥皮

rough bark
【植】粗皮病

scaly bark
鳞状树皮

secondary bark
次生粗皮

sooty bark
黑孢皮(由烟皮病菌引起)

tan(ning) bark
树皮鞣料

under bark
内皮

参考词汇
skin    

用法词典

bark
中古英语 berken<古英语 beorcan,象声来源

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

bark

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

bark

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

bark

[七国语言]英汉轻工业大词典

bark

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

bark

[七国语言]英汉冶金大词典

bark
薄脱碳层

美国传统词典

bark
bark 1
AHD:[b?rk]
D.J.[b$8k]
K.K.[b$k]
n.

(1)

The harsh, abrupt sound uttered by a dog.

(2)

A sound, such as a cough, that is similar to a dog's bark.
v.
barked, bark.ing, barks
v.intr.

(1)

To utter the harsh, abrupt sound of a dog.

(2)

To make a sound similar to a bark:
“The birds bark softly, sounding almost like young pups”(Charleston SC News and Courier)

(3)

To speak sharply; snap:
“It is power that can often be misused—as when an obscure lieutenant colonel can bark at a Pentagon general, commanding him to do something questionable ‘because the White House wants it done’”(John Hughes)

(4)

To work as a barker, as at a carnival.
v.tr.
To utter in a loud, harsh voice:
The quarterback barked out the signals.

习惯用语

bark up the wrong tree
To misdirect one's energies or attention.

语源

(1)

From Middle English berken [to bark]

(2)

from Old English beorcan

基本词义

bark
bark 2
AHD:[b?rk]
D.J.[b$8k]
K.K.[b$k]
n.

(1)

The tough outer covering of the woody stems and roots of trees, shrubs, and other woody plants. It includes all tissues outside the vascular cambium.

(2)

A specific kind of bark used for a special purpose, as in tanning or medicine.
v.tr.
barked, bark.ing, barks

(1)

To remove bark from (a tree or log).

(2)

To rub off the skin of; abrade:
barked my shin on the car door.

(3)

To treat medically, tan, or dye using bark.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old Norse b?rkr

基本词义

bark
bark 3also barque
AHD:[b?rk]
D.J.[b$8k]
K.K.[b$k]
n.Nautical

(1)

A sailing ship with from three to five masts, all of them square-rigged except the after mast, which is fore-and-aft rigged.

(2)

A small vessel that is propelled by oars or sails.

语源

(1)

Middle English barke [boat]

(2)

from Old French barque

(3)

from Old Italian barca

(4)

from Latin

[名词委审定]英汉林学名词(1989)

bark
树皮

[名词委审定]英汉药学名词(1999)

bark

[名词委审定]英汉植物学名词(1991)

bark
树皮

英汉船舶大词典

bark
n.三桅帆船

英汉地质大词典

bark
n.茎皮,树皮

英汉纺织大词典

bark
n.槽,缸

英汉航海大词典

bark
n.三桅帆船,任何小型帆船

英汉环境大词典

bark
n.树皮

英汉化学大词典

bark
n.树皮;vt.剥

英汉海运大词典

bark
树皮三桅帆船(后桅纵帆,其它桅横帆)船

英汉计算机大词典

bark
n.树皮;vt.剥

英汉机械大词典

bark
n.脱炭薄层,擦

英汉建筑大词典

bark
n.树皮,呔声,三桅帆船

英汉农牧林大词典

bark
n.树皮,茎皮,筋膜

英汉水利大词典

bark
n.树皮,槽,缸

英汉冶金大词典

bark
n.树皮,茎皮

英汉医学大词典

bark
n.树皮,金鸡纳树皮

英汉中医大词典

bark
n.茎皮,树皮

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