简明英汉词典

banish
[5bAniF]
vt.
流放, 驱逐, 消除

美国传统词典[双解]

banish
ban.ish
AHD:[b2n“1sh]
D.J.[6b#ni.]
K.K.[6b#n!.]
v.tr.(及物动词)
ban.ishedban.ish.ingban.ish.es

(1)

To force to leave a country or place by official decree; exile.
放逐,流放:被官方法令强迫离开某国或某地;放逐

(2)

To drive away; expel:
赶走;排除:
We banished all our doubts and fears.
我们消除了所有的怀疑与恐惧

语源

(1)

Middle English banishen
中古英语 banishen

(2)

from Old French banir baniss-
源自 古法语 banir baniss-

(3)

[of Germanic origin] * see bh3- 2
[源于日耳曼语] *参见 bh3- 2

继承用法

banisher
n.(名词)

banishment
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

banishexileexpatriatedeporttransportextradite

(2)

These verbs mean to send away from a country or state.
这些动词意指将某人遣出某国或某州。

(3)

Banish applies to forced departure from a country by official decree:
Banish 用于被政府法令强迫离开某国:
was convicted of heresy and banished from the kingdom.
被控为异端并被逐出王国。

(4)

Exile specifies departure from one's own country, either involuntarily because of legal expulsion or voluntarily because of adverse circumstances:
Exile 特指离开某人的祖国,或因遭到法律上的驱逐非自愿地离开或因形势不利而自愿地离开:
When the government was overthrown, the royal family was exiled.
政府被推翻后,皇室遭到驱逐。

(5)

Expatriate pertains to departure that is sometimes forced but often voluntary and may imply change of citizenship:
Expatriate 有时用于被迫的离开,但常常是自愿地离开并可能意味着国籍的改变:
an immigrant whose citizenship was revoked and who was expatriated because he had concealed his criminal record.
这位移民因为隐瞒了犯罪的事实被取消了国籍并被驱逐出境。

(6)

Deport denotes the act of sending an alien abroad by governmental order:
Deport 指由政府下令将某外国人驱逐出境的行为:
was deported for entering the country illegally.
由于非法入境而遭驱逐。

(7)

Transport pertains to the sending abroad, usually to a penal colony, of one convicted of a crime:
Transport 指将罪犯流放到劳役地:
Offenders are no longer transported to Devil's Island.
犯人们不再被流放到魔鬼岛去了。

(8)

Extradite applies to the delivery of an accused or convicted person to the state or country having jurisdiction over him or her:
Extradite 用于将被指控有罪的人交给对他或她有审判权的国家:
The court refused to extradite political refugees.
法庭拒绝引渡政治避难者。

现代英汉词典

banish
[5bAnIF]
vt.

(1)

驱逐出境;放逐

(2)

忘却;摒弃
Banish that thought from your mind.
你不要那样想了。

现代英汉综合大辞典

banish
[5bAniF]
vt.

(1)

流放, 放逐

(2)

驱逐, 强迫离开

(3)

消除, 排除(恐惧等)
banish sb. from [out of] the country
把某人流放国外
banish (sth.) from memory
完全忘记

继承用法

banishment
n.

(1)

充军, 放逐, 流刑, 流放

(2)

驱逐; 排除

参考词汇
banish     exile     deport    
都含有 “放逐”、“驱逐”的意思。

(1)

banish 指“根据政府法令迫使某人终生或于特定时期内离境, 以示惩罚”, 尤指“近使某人离开某一国境”, 如:
She was banished from China.
她被驱逐出中国。

(2)

exile 指“被迫离开祖国或居住地”, 含有“流放”、“放逐”、“使离乡背井”的意思, 如:
They were exiled for life .
他们被终身流放。

(3)

deport 指“驱逐某人离开他所寄居的地方(非其祖国)”, “其原因可能是因其非法进入”, 或“因其做出与其身份不相称的违法行为等”, 如:
We deport aliens who slip across our borders.
我们把偷渡入境的外国人驱逐出境。

用法词典

banish
来自中古英语 banishen<古法语 banir
英文相关词典

banish
deport    drive away    exile    expel    outlaw    admit    receive    

美国传统词典

banish
ban.ish
AHD:[b2n“1sh]
D.J.[6b#ni.]
K.K.[6b#n!.]
v.tr.
ban.ished, ban.ish.ing, ban.ish.es

(1)

To force to leave a country or place by official decree; exile.

(2)

To drive away; expel:
We banished all our doubts and fears.

语源

(1)

Middle English banishen

(2)

from Old French banir baniss-

(3)

[of Germanic origin] * see bh3- 2

继承用法

banisher
n.

banishment
n.

参考词汇

(1)

banish, exile, expatriate, deport, transport, extradite

(2)

These verbs mean to send away from a country or state.

(3)

Banish applies to forced departure from a country by official decree:
was convicted of heresy and banished from the kingdom.

(4)

Exile specifies departure from one's own country, either involuntarily because of legal expulsion or voluntarily because of adverse circumstances:
When the government was overthrown, the royal family was exiled.

(5)

Expatriate pertains to departure that is sometimes forced but often voluntary and may imply change of citizenship:
an immigrant whose citizenship was revoked and who was expatriated because he had concealed his criminal record.

(6)

Deport denotes the act of sending an alien abroad by governmental order:
was deported for entering the country illegally.

(7)

Transport pertains to the sending abroad, usually to a penal colony, of one convicted of a crime:
Offenders are no longer transported to Devil's Island.

(8)

Extradite applies to the delivery of an accused or convicted person to the state or country having jurisdiction over him or her:
The court refused to extradite political refugees.

英汉法学大词典

banish
v.流放 ,驱逐,驱逐出境,充军 ,放逐

英汉化学大词典

banish
vt.排除,放逐

英汉计算机大词典

banish
vt.排除(放逐)

英汉心理学大词典

banish
消除

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