简明英汉词典

bad
[bAd]
adj.
劣质的, 有害的, 坏的, 不利的, 不健康的, 严重的

美国传统词典[双解]

bad
bad 1
AHD:[b2d]
D.J.[b#d]
K.K.[b#d]
adj.(形容词)
worse[w?rs] worst[w?rst]

(1)

Not achieving an adequate standard; poor:
劣质的:没有达到某种适当标准的;蹩脚的:
a bad recital.
蹩脚的演奏会

(2)

Evil; sinful.
邪恶的;罪孽深重的

(3)

Disobedient or naughty:
调皮的:不服从的或淘气的,不听话的:
bad children.
顽皮的孩子

(4)

Disagreeable, unpleasant, or disturbing:
恼人的:不合意的,令人不愉快的或恼人的:
a bad piece of news.
一条令人不快的新闻

(5)

Unfavorable:
不利的:
bad reviews for the play.
对剧目不利的评论

(6)

Not fresh; rotten or spoiled:
不新鲜的:不新鲜的;腐烂的或变坏的:
bad meat.
腐肉

(7)

Injurious in effect; detrimental:
有害的:作用有害的;有害的、不利的:
bad habits.
坏习惯

(8)

Not working properly; defective:
运作不良的:不能正常工作的;有缺陷的,不完全的:
a bad telephone connection.
运作不良的电话线路

(9)

Full of or exhibiting faults or errors:
错误的:充满或显示出缺点或错误的:
bad grammar.
错误重重的语法

(10)

Having no validity; void:
无效的:无效的,不正当的;无用的,作废的:
passed bad checks.
开空头支票

(11)

Severe; intense:
严重的:严重的;剧烈的或强烈的:
a bad cold.
重感冒

(12)

Being in poor health or in pain:
不舒服的:身体不好或疼痛的:
I feel bad today.
我今天感觉不舒服

(13)

Being in poor condition; diseased:
不健康的:在不健康的状况下的;得病的,不健全的:
bad lungs.
不健康的肺

(14)

Sorry; regretful:
后悔的;遗憾的:
She feels bad about how she treated you.
她对于那样对待你而感到后悔

(15)

bad.der, bad.destSlang Very good; great.
bad.derbad.dest【俚语】 非常好的;极棒的
n.(名词)
Something that is below standard or expectations, as of ethics or decency:
不道德的事:不合水准或期望的某事,如在伦理或礼仪方面不道德的事:
weighing the good against the bad.
衡量好与不好的事
adv.Usage Problem (副词)【用法疑难】
Badly.
不好地,非常地

习惯用语

in bad【非正式用语】
In trouble or disfavor.
倒霉,失宠:处于麻烦或冷遇状态之中的

not half bad或

not so bad
Informal Reasonably good.
【非正式用语】 非常好

语源
Middle English badde
中古英语 badde

继承用法

badness
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

badevilwicked

(2)

These adjectives are compared as they mean departing from moral or ethical standards.
当它们的意思是违反道德或道德标准时,把这些形容词来作一些比较。

(3)

Bad is the most inclusive; it applies to what is regarded as being unpleasant, offensive, or blameworthy:
Bad 是范围最广的词;它适用于任何被认为是不愉快的、讨厌的或该受责备的事:
bad weather;
坏天气;
a bad temper.
坏脾气。
“A bad book is as much of a labor to write as a good one” (Aldous Huxley).
“写一本坏书需要的劳动量和写一本好书的一样多” (奥尔德斯·赫胥黎)。

(4)

Evil, a stronger term, adds to bad connotations of depravity and corruptive influence:
Evil 是语气较严重的词语,还含有bad 中堕落、腐败影响的含义:
“The unconscious is not just evil by nature, it is also the source of the highest good” (Carl Jung).
“无意识不仅仅是本性邪恶,而且是以前错误和羞愧的来源” (卡尔·荣格)。

(5)

Wicked suggests conscious or premeditated moral transgression:
Wicked 使人联想到有意识或有预谋地违反道德:
“this wicked man Hitler, the repository and embodiment of many forms of soul-destroying hatred, this monstrous product of former wrongs and shame” (Winston S. Churchill).
“这个邪恶的人-希特勒,是很多切齿仇恨的堆积和化身,是从前错误和耻辱的魔鬼产物” (温斯顿S·丘吉尔)

用法

(1)

Bad is often used as an adverb in sentences such as The house was shaken up pretty bad or We need water bad. This usage is common in informal speech but is widely regarded as unacceptable in formal writing. In an earlier survey, the sentence His tooth ached so bad he could not sleep was unacceptable to 92 percent of the Usage Panel. · The use of badly with want, once considered incorrect, is now entirely acceptable:
Bad 在句子中常用作副词, 如这座房子摇晃得很厉害, 或是我们非常需要水。 在非正式演讲中这一用法很普遍,但在正式书面语中广泛地被认为不能接受。在早期的调查中,句子他牙疼得厉害以致睡不着觉。 对于92%的用法小组成员来说是不能接受的。badly 和 want 连用的用法, 曾经被认为是不正确的,现在则完全被接受:
We wanted badly to be at the wedding. ·
我们非常想参加婚礼。 ·

(2)

The adverb badly is often used as the complement of verbs such as feel, as in I felt badly about the whole affair, where the choice of badly as opposed to bad may convey an implication that the distress is emotional, rather than physical. Although the origin of this usage is a matter of dispute, the usage is now widespread and is supported by analogy to the use of other adverbs with feel (as in We feel strongly about this issue ). In an earlier survey, a majority of the Usage Panel accepted this use of badly in speech, though bad is less likely to occasion objections. · Badly is also used in some regions to mean “unwell,”as in He was looking badly after the accident (compare poorly, which is also used in this way). In an earlier survey, however, the usage was found unacceptable in formal writing by 75 percent of the Usage Panel.
副词badly 常用作动词的补充,如 feel, 在句子我对整个事件感觉很糟 中, 选择badly 作为与 bad 的对立, 可能传达暗示这一压制的感觉是感情上的而不是身体上的。尽管对这一用法的起源有过争议,但现在已很普遍并被其他带动词feel 的类比词所支持, (如我们对这观点的感受很强烈 )。 在早期调查中,用法小组大多数接受在口语中使用badly , 尽管bad 相对不会引起异议。 Badly 也被有些地区用来表示“不好”, 如在他在事故后看上去很糟 (和poorly 比较,也是同样用法)。 但在早期讨论中,75的用法专门小组成员不接受在正式书面语中使用这种形式

基本词义

bad
bad 2
AHD:[b2d]
D.J.[b#d]
K.K.[b#d]
v.Archaic (动词)【古语】
A past tense of bid
bid的过去式

现代英汉词典

bad
[bAd]
adj.
worse, worst

(1)

质劣的
I am bad at English, but She is worse.
我的英语不好,她的就更糟了。
He's bad at getting along with his fellows.
他不善于与同伴相处。
He's bad at chess.
他象棋下得不好。
I'm rather bad at dancing.
我的舞跳得不好。
The new working hours caused a lot of bad feeling among workers.
新的上班时间在工人中引起了很大的反感。

(2)

有害的
In given conditions a bad thing can be turned into a good one.
在一定条件下,坏事可以变为好事。
Drinking water immediately after a meal is bad for the digestion.
饭后立刻饮水不利于消化。
Smoking is bad for your health.
抽烟有害于健康。
Bad circulation can cause various symptoms such as tiredness.
血液循环不良会引起像人体疲劳这样的种种症状。
He has a bad circulation.
他血液循环不好。

(3)

腐烂的
bad fish
腐烂的鱼

(4)

不道德的

(5)

不适宜的
That's not a bad idea.
那个主意倒不错。
It is bad form to make sound while eating.
吃东西时发出声音有失体统。
very bad light in this room
房间里的光线很坏

(6)

令人不愉快的
bad news
坏消息

(7)

病痛的;不健康的
bad teeth
病牙

(8)

严重的
a bad cold
重感冒
Janet had a bad cough all last week.
珍妮特上星期一直咳得很厉害。
It was a bad crash, but fortunately there were no fatalities.
这是一次严重的撞车事故,但幸好无人死亡。
a bad defeat
惨败

(9)

不正确的
bad grammar
错误的文法

(10)

上流社会不用的(语言或字)

(11)

〈俚〉非常好的,绝妙的(此义的比较级和最高级为badder, baddest)

习惯用语

feel bad about
感到抱歉或羞愧
I felt bad about not being able to attend your birthday party yesterday evening.
昨晚未能出席你的生日聚会深感抱歉。

go bad
变质不能食用
This milk has gone bad.
牛奶已变质。

go to the bad
堕落
The department store was $300,000 to the bad in 1997.
那家百货公司在1997年亏损了三十万美元。

have a bad name
名声不佳 (= get a bad name)

in bad faith
不诚实;不打算履行诺言的

it's too bad
感到抱歉
Too bad you couldn't come last night.
你昨晚没能来,真是遗憾。

词性变化

bad
adv.
(AmE.) = badly

现代英汉综合大辞典

bad
[bAd]
[古]bid 的过去分词

用法词典

bad
中古英语 bad,badde

参考词汇

(1)

bad,wicked,naughty这三个词都有“坏”的意思,但坏的程度相差很大。

(2)

bad 是用得最广的词,一方面它可以表示“极不道德”、“罪恶滔天”;另一方面它可以表示“不乖”。
How was the examination,Dick?-Not too bad.
考试的情况怎么样,迪克?-不太坏。
…I always win a little prize for the worst garden in the town.
我总是获得镇上最差花园的小奖。
Mum,Tom is bad.He did his number two in the pants.
妈,汤姆不乖,他把尿撒到裤子里去了。

(3)

注:bad 有严重或厉害的意思。
I have a bad cold.
我得了重感冒。

(4)

naughty 现在通常用来表示孩子“淘气、调皮捣蛋”。
It is naughty of you to pull the cat's tail.
你真淘气,竟然拉猫尾巴。
You naughty boy!
你这个淘气小孩!

(5)

wicked 表示违反道德规范,例如心眼邪恶,但有时其词义可以弱化到和 naughty 没有多大差异。
He started to complain about this wicked world.
他开始对这个邪恶的世界发牢骚了。
He had bitter hatred for the wicked old society.
他痛恨那万恶的旧社会。
He is a most wicked urchin.
他是个非常调皮的顽童。

英文相关词典

bad
evil    unfavorable    wrong    good    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

bad
坏的

美国传统词典

bad
bad 1
AHD:[b2d]
D.J.[b#d]
K.K.[b#d]
adj.
worse[w?rs] worst[w?rst]

(1)

Not achieving an adequate standard; poor:
a bad recital.

(2)

Evil; sinful.

(3)

Disobedient or naughty:
bad children.

(4)

Disagreeable, unpleasant, or disturbing:
a bad piece of news.

(5)

Unfavorable:
bad reviews for the play.

(6)

Not fresh; rotten or spoiled:
bad meat.

(7)

Injurious in effect; detrimental:
bad habits.

(8)

Not working properly; defective:
a bad telephone connection.

(9)

Full of or exhibiting faults or errors:
bad grammar.

(10)

Having no validity; void:
passed bad checks.

(11)

Severe; intense:
a bad cold.

(12)

Being in poor health or in pain:
I feel bad today.

(13)

Being in poor condition; diseased:
bad lungs.

(14)

Sorry; regretful:
She feels bad about how she treated you.

(15)

bad.der, bad.destSlang Very good; great.
n.
Something that is below standard or expectations, as of ethics or decency:
weighing the good against the bad.
adv.Usage Problem
Badly.

习惯用语

in badInformal
In trouble or disfavor.

not half bador

not so bad
Informal Reasonably good.

语源
Middle English badde

继承用法

badness
n.

参考词汇

(1)

bad, evil, wicked

(2)

These adjectives are compared as they mean departing from moral or ethical standards.

(3)

Bad is the most inclusive; it applies to what is regarded as being unpleasant, offensive, or blameworthy:
bad weather;
a bad temper.
“A bad book is as much of a labor to write as a good one” (Aldous Huxley).

(4)

Evil, a stronger term, adds to bad connotations of depravity and corruptive influence:
“The unconscious is not just evil by nature, it is also the source of the highest good” (Carl Jung).

(5)

Wicked suggests conscious or premeditated moral transgression:
“this wicked man Hitler, the repository and embodiment of many forms of soul-destroying hatred, this monstrous product of former wrongs and shame” (Winston S. Churchill).

用法

(1)

Bad is often used as an adverb in sentences such as The house was shaken up pretty bad or We need water bad. This usage is common in informal speech but is widely regarded as unacceptable in formal writing. In an earlier survey, the sentence His tooth ached so bad he could not sleep was unacceptable to 92 percent of the Usage Panel. · The use of badly with want, once considered incorrect, is now entirely acceptable:
We wanted badly to be at the wedding. ·

(2)

The adverb badly is often used as the complement of verbs such as feel, as in I felt badly about the whole affair, where the choice of badly as opposed to bad may convey an implication that the distress is emotional, rather than physical. Although the origin of this usage is a matter of dispute, the usage is now widespread and is supported by analogy to the use of other adverbs with feel (as in We feel strongly about this issue ). In an earlier survey, a majority of the Usage Panel accepted this use of badly in speech, though bad is less likely to occasion objections. · Badly is also used in some regions to mean “unwell,”as in He was looking badly after the accident (compare poorly, which is also used in this way). In an earlier survey, however, the usage was found unacceptable in formal writing by 75 percent of the Usage Panel.

基本词义

bad
bad 2
AHD:[b2d]
D.J.[b#d]
K.K.[b#d]
v.Archaic
A past tense of bid

英汉船舶大词典

bad
n.低劣的

英汉电信大词典

bad
adj.劣,恶

英汉法学大词典

bad
adj.证据不足 ,不良

英汉航海大词典

bad
n.低劣的

英汉化学大词典

bad
adj.坏的,有害的,严重的

英汉海运大词典

bad
坏的,不好的,笨拙的,有害的,不利的低劣的,不良的腐败的不适当的,

基本词义

bad
坏的低劣的,不良的有害的,腐败的不适当的,不利的

基本词义

bad
坏的低劣的,不良的

英汉经贸大词典

bad
n.低劣的

英汉计算机大词典

bad
adj.坏的(有害的,严重的)

英汉建筑大词典

bad
n.不好的

最新会计师英汉大词典

bad
有害物[外部成本]

英汉农牧林大词典

bad
n.坏的,不好的,不正确的

英汉贸易大词典

bad
有害物(外部成本)

英汉心理学大词典

bad
恶的

现代商务英汉大词典

bad
有害物(外部成本)

英汉医学大词典

bad
n.不良的

英汉中医大词典

bad
n.坏的,恶的,劣的,不良的

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