简明英汉词典

back
[bAk]
adj.
后面的, 在后面, 早过去的, 前(欠)的钱
adv.
向后地
n.
背部, 后面
v.
后退, 支持

美国传统词典[双解]

back
back 1
AHD:[b2k]
D.J.[b#k]
K.K.[b#k]
n.(名词)

(1)

The posterior portion of the trunk of the human body between the neck and the pelvis; the dorsum.
背部:人体躯干的后部,在脖子和骨盆之间;背部

(2)

The analogous dorsal region in other animals.
动物的背部:其它动物相似的背部部位

(3)

The backbone or spine.
脊骨或脊柱

(4)

The part or area farthest from the front.
后部:离前面最远的部分或地区

(5)

The part opposite to or behind that adapted for view or use:
背面,反面:与看见或使用的部分相反或在其后面的部分:
the back of the hand; wrote on the back of the photograph.
手背;写在照片背面

(6)

The reverse side, as of a coin.
反面:反面,如硬币的反面

(7)

A part that supports or strengthens from the rear:
靠背:从后部支持或加强的部分:
the back of a couch.
睡椅的靠背

(8)

The part of a book where the pages are stitched or glued together into the binding.
书脊:书页被装订或粘在一起成册的滚边部分

(9)

The binding itself.
装订本身

(10)

Sports
【体育运动】

(11)

A player who takes a position behind the front line of other players in certain games, such as football.
后卫:在某种比赛项目中,如足球,处在其它运动员前线位置之后的运动员

(12)

This playing position.
后卫位置
v.(动词)
backedback.ingbacks
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To cause to move backward or in a reverse direction:
使倒退:引起向后或相反方向移动:
Back the car up ten feet and then make the turn.
把车向后倒10英尺然后转弯

(2)

To furnish or strengthen with a back or backing.
背靠,加固:用后背或支持物装备或加强

(3)

To provide with financial or spiritual help; support or sustain:
支持,后援:提供财政的或精神上的帮助;支持或维持:
backed our candidate with a $1,000-a-plate dinner.See Synonyms at support
以一人1000美元的晚餐为我们的候选人打气参见 support

(4)

To bet or wager on.
打赌:打赌或用…赌博

(5)

To adduce evidence in support of; substantiate:
引证,证明:提出证据支持;证明,证实:
backed the argument with facts.
用事实证明论点

(6)

To form the back or background of:
形成…的背部或背景:
Snowcapped mountains back the village.
白雪皑皑的山峦形成了村庄的背景
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To move backward.
倒退:向后移动

(2)

To shift to a counterclockwise direction. Used of the wind.
逆时针转向:转变为逆时针方向。用于指风
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Located or placed in the rear:
后部的:位于或安置在后面的:
Deliveries should be made at the back entrance.
交货应在后面的入口处

(2)

Distant from a center of activity; remote.
偏远的:远离活动中心的;偏远的

(3)

Of a past date; not current:
过时的,不流行的:属于过去的日子的;不是现时的:
a back issue of a periodical.
过期的期刊

(4)

Being owed or due from an earlier time; in arrears:
积欠的:较早时期应拥有或到期的;拖欠的:
back pay.
欠薪

(5)

Being in a backward direction.
向后的:处于向后的方向的

(6)

Linguistics Pronounced with the back of the tongue, as oo in cool. Used of vowels.
【语言学】 舌根的:用舌根发音的,如oo 在 cool 一词中的发音。用于元音字母
adv.(副词)

(1)

At, to, or toward the rear or back; backward.
在后地,向后地:在、到或向着后面或后部地;向后地,落后地

(2)

In, to, or toward a former location:
回到原处:在、到或向着从前的位置:
went back for the class reunion.
参加同班同学会

(3)

In, to, or toward a former condition.
回到原先状态:在、到或向着从前的状态地

(4)

In, to, or toward a past time.
从前地:在、到到向着过去的年代地

(5)

In reserve or concealment.
储存地或隐蔽地

(6)

In check or under restraint:
阻挡地:处于被节制或被隐瞒的状态:
Barriers held the crowd back.
栅栏将群众挡住了

(7)

In reply or return.
回答或归还

常用词组

back away
To withdraw from a position; retreat.
撤退:从某个位置撤离;撤退

back down
To withdraw from a position, opinion, or commitment.
让步,放弃:从某个位置、观点或义务中撤出

back off
To retreat or draw away.
撤回或离开

back out

(1)

To withdraw from (an enterprise or a plan) before completion.
中途退出:在完成之前从(某项计划或事业)中退出

(2)

To fail to keep a commitment or promise.
失言:没有履行义务或诺言

back up

(1)

To cause to accumulate or undergo accumulation:
使聚集:引起堆积或经过积累:
The accident backed the traffic up for blocks. Traffic backed up in the tunnel.
事故引起了交通阻塞。在地下道中引起了交通阻塞

(2)

Computer Science To make a backup of (a program or file).
【计算机科学】 备份:为(程序或文件)备份

习惯用语

back and fill

(1)

Nautical To maneuver a vessel in a narrow channel by adjusting the sails so as to let the wind in and out of them in alteration.
【航海】 调整航向:在狭窄的水道中操纵船,通过调整风帆以便使风帆间进出的风向有所改变

(2)

To vacillate in one's actions or decisions.
举棋不定:在行动与决定之间犹豫不决

语源

(1)

Middle English bak
中古英语 bak

(2)

from Old English b?c
源自 古英语 b?c

继承用法

backless
adj.(形容词)

用法
The expression back of is an informal variant of in back of and is best avoided in writing: There was a small stable in back of (not simply back of ) the house.
表达方式back of 是 in back of 的一种不正式的变形方式, 最好避免在书面语中运用,如:There was a small stable in back of(不要简单地说成 back of ) the house (房后有一个小马厩)

基本词义

back
back 2
AHD:[b2k]
D.J.[b#k]
K.K.[b#k]
n.(名词)
A shallow vat or tub used chiefly by brewers.
大浅桶:主要供酿酒商用的一种浅的盆或缸

语源

(1)

Dutch bak
荷兰语 bak

(2)

from French bac
源自 法语 bac

(3)

from Old French [boat]
源自 古法语 [船]

(4)

from Vulgar Latin *baccus [vessel]
源自 俗拉丁语 *baccus [船,容器]

(5)

[probably of Celtic origin]
[可能源于凯尔特语的]

现代英汉词典

back
[bAk]
n.

(1)

背,背部
We lay on our backs under the tree.
我们在树下躺着。
She put the saddle on the horse's back.
她把马鞍放在马背上。
This meeting was held behind my back.
这次会议是背着我召开的。

(2)

后面;后部
She sat at the back of the hall and couldn't hear clearly.
她坐在大厅后排,听不清。
Roy drove his bus into the back of a car.
罗伊驾驶公共汽车撞上了一辆小车的车尾。
We couldn't hear the speaker at the back of the hall because her voice doesn't carry very well.
我们在大厅后面听不清演讲人讲话,因为她的声音传得不太远。

(3)

(物体的)背面
This chair has a high back.
这张椅子有很高的椅背。
There's something written on the back of this book.
这本书的背面写得有字。
There's a lot of useful information on the countries in the world at the back of the dictionary.
词典的后面附有许多有关世界各国概况的有用资料。

(4)

(足球队的)后卫队员
Jack is a full back of the team.
杰克是球队的后卫队员。

习惯用语

back and forth
往返;来回
Someone was pacing back and forth behind the curtain.
有人在幕布后踱来踱去。

back to back
背靠背
Stand back to back!
背靠背站好!

behind person's back
背着某人

get sb.'s back up
令人不快
Tom got his back up when I said he was wrong.
当我批评汤姆错了时,他竟大光其火。

get off person's back
不再找某人麻烦

have one's back to the wall
情况不妙,难以摆脱
He certainly has his back to the wall for he has lost his job.
无疑他的情况不妙,因为他失业了。
(= with one's back to the wall)

put one's back into
非常努力地做
If we put our backs into the job we'll finish it ahead of time.
假如我们努力做的话,我们一定能够提前完成任务。

see the back of
赶走

turn one's back on
避开,不理睬
I can't turn my back on him when he needs help.
在他需要帮助的时候,我们不能不管。

词性变化

back
adv.

(1)

向后;在后面
The house is set back from the road.
那所房屋远离公路。
Move back!
往后退!
We have to go back to camp now.
我们现在该回营去了。

(2)

回到原来状况,回原处
She put it back on the shelf.
她把它放回书架。
Things will soon get back to normal.
这种情况会马上恢复正常的。
She came back for her umbrella.
她回来拿雨伞。

(3)

(回溯)以前
far back in the Middle Ages
远在中古时期
Think back to your childhood.
回想一下你的童年时代。

(4)

往回拨(钟表),开倒车
to put (或 turn) the clock back
倒拨时钟
He drove his car back through the gate.
他把车倒出大门。

习惯用语

go back on
食言

词性变化

back
vt., vi.

(1)

向后退
She backed the car out of the narrow road.
她把车子倒出窄路。
The car backed through the gate.
车子倒退着开出大门。

(2)

(用金钱)资助,支持,援助
The organization is backed by The U.N..
该组织由联合国资助。
Will you back me against the others?
你会支持我反对其他的人吗?

(3)

〈经〉背书
to back a check
背书支票
to back a note
在票据背面签字

(4)

下赌注
to back the wrong horse
对一匹冷门的马下赌注
He backed the horse and won.
他对那匹马下了赌注并且赢了。

(5)

(风向)逆转

back
adj.

(1)

早已过去的
back history
早已过去的历史
a back issue magazine
过期杂志

(2)

前欠的(钱)
back pay
欠薪
back rent
欠租
back taxes
欠税

(3)

后面的
back seat
后座
back door
后门
back yard
后院

(4)

偏僻的
to drive through back streets
开车穿过偏僻的街道

常用词组

back down
让步,退却;放弃
They refused to back down.
他们不愿让步。
Since most of the people present agreed with her, I had to back down.
大多数到会的人都同意她的意见,我只好放弃原来的意见了。
He has backed down from the position he took last week.
他已放弃他上星期所采取的立场。
(= back off)

back of
在…后部,在…背后
The garage is back of the house.
车库在房屋后面。
He parked back of the store.
他把车停在商店后面。

back onto
后面相邻,相接
My house backs onto the racecourse.
我家房子后面与赛马场为邻。

back out
食言,未能履约
You promised to help — you mustn't back out now.
你答应过要帮忙的,你不应该自食其言。

back out of
逃避(责任等),打退堂鼓
It is too late to back out of the deal.
现在打退堂鼓为时已晚。

back up

(1)

支持,援助
The new evidence backed up my argument.
新的证词有助于我的辩论。

(2)

倒退,后退
‘Don't shoot!’ he said and backed up.
“别开枪!” 他说着往后退。

现代英汉综合大辞典

back
[bAk]
n.

(1)

背, 背部; 背脊

(2)

背面, 凸面, 反面

(3)

后面, 后部

(4)

(足球等的)后卫

(5)

(猎犬)后退的动作

(6)

岭, 山脊

(7)

铅字字脊; 锯背

(8)

(矿内巷道的)顶板拱架的表面, 顶头盖; (煤层里的)劈理面, 节理

(9)

基座, 衬垫靠板

(10)

椅子靠背

(11)

(磁带等)倒回播放

(12)

(车刀)后刃面

(13)

(舞台的)背景;【光】象

(14)

[pl.][美俚]假钞票

(15)

(啤酒酿造、染坊、制胶等用的)大浅盒
a pain in one's back
脊背痛
lie [fall]on one's back
朝天躺着[摔倒]
behind one's back
背地里; 暗中
He is a full back of our football team.
他是我们足球队中的后卫。

词性变化

back
[bAk]
adj.
[无比较级; 最高级用backmost]

(1)

[表示位置]后面的; 背后的

(2)

背面的, 偏僻的; 未开发的

(3)

倒的, 反向的; 往回去的

(4)

【语】舌根的; 口腔后部的

(5)

过去的; 过期的

(6)

迟交的; 拖欠的
the back slums
贫民窟
a back current
逆流
a back vowel
(舌)后元音
back pay
欠薪
back files
过期报刊杂志合订本

back
[bAk]
adv.

(1)

在后; 向后; 后仰着; 落后

(2)

回原处; 回原状; 恢复

(3)

忍住; 隐匿

(4)

以前

(5)

报复
Stand back, please.
请往后站。
They fought back.
他们还击了。
I met him three years back.
我三年前见过他。

back
[bAk]
vt.

(1)

使后退; 倒(车)

(2)

[美]位于...的背后; 背靠着

(3)

支持

(4)

给...加衬里; 给(书)加包皮; 裱(画)

(5)

背书(支票等)(指在票据背后签字担保)

(6)

下赌注于...上
Don't worry. I will back you up.
不要发愁, 我支持你。
He backed the car out of the garage.
他把车倒退着开出车库。
You could back the dress with silk.
你可以用丝绸布给这件衣服加衬里。

back
[bAk]
vi.

(1)

倒退; (风向)逆转

(2)

[美]背靠, 坐落
He backed away from the gun.
他往后退躲离枪口。
The power station backs on to a high mountain.
发电站背靠着大山。

继承用法

backache
[5bAkeIk]
n.
背痛

back-alley
n.
街后窄巷

词性变化

back
[bAk]
adj.
陋巷的, 穷困的

backbencher
n.
后座议员(指英国下院的普通议员)

backbite
[5bAkbaIt]
vt.,vi.
背后说(人)坏话
n.
背后中伤

backblocks
n.
[澳]边远地区

backboard
[`bAkbR:d]
n.
后部挡板; (篮球架上的)篮板;【医】(脊椎)矫正板

backbreaker
[`bAk9breIkE(r)]
n.

(1)

极为累人的工作

(2)

工作极度辛苦的工人

backbreaking
[5bAkbreIkIN]
adj.
累断腰的, 繁重的; 极讨厌的

backburner
adj.
不重要的

backchat
[5bAktFAt]
n.
闲聊; 回嘴; 反唇相讥

back-check
n.

(1)

回本方守区内阻截

(2)

(已完成工作的)检查[验]
vt.
检查(工作, 报告)
vi.
(曲棍球)采取守势

backcloth
[5bAkklRW]
n.
背景, 幕, 天幕; 印花衬布

back-coming
n.
后退式回采

backcountry
n.
[美]穷乡僻壤

back-coupling
n.
反馈耦合, 回授

backcourt
[`bAk9kR:t]
n.
篮球场属于守方的一半场地

backcross
[`bAk9krCs]
vt., vi.
【生】(使)回交; (使)逆代杂交
n.
回交; 逆杂交(的产物)

backcycling
n.
反循环

backdate
[bAk5deIt]
vt.

(1)

把发生的日期说成[写成]比实际的更早

(2)

追溯至

back-diffusion
n.

(1)

反行扩散, 反向扩散

(2)

背面扩散

backdoor
[9bAk`dR:(r)]
n.
后门
adj.
后门的; 私下的; 秘密的

backdown
n.
原先态度[主张, 要求]的改变

back-drafting
n.
【铁】倒流通风

backdrift
n.
后退偏航

backdrop
[5bAkdrRp]
n.

(1)

交流声, 干扰

(2)

背景(幕), 彩画幕布

backedge
n.

(1)

后脊

(2)

裂缝

(3)

夹层, 轧疤(缺陷)

(4)

(轧件)舌尖, 压折(轧制中金属反向流动形成的)

backfall
n.

(1)

落下; 掉下

(2)

掉下的东西

(3)

摔跤时背着地的跌倒

back-fence
adj.
邻居间的, 邻居的

back-fielder
n.
(橄榄球的)卫手

backfill
[`bAkfIl]
n.
回填土[料]
vt.
回填(坑洞等)

backfiller
n.
回填机

backfisch
[`bB:kfIF]
n.
[俚]年轻少女; 未成年的女学生

back-flap
n.
百叶窗

backflash
vi.
反闪
n.
回流槽

backflow
n.
回流; 逆流

back-formation
n.
【语】逆构词, 反成法

backgear
n.

(1)

背齿轮, 后齿轮, 慢盘齿轮

(2)

倒档齿轮装置

(3)

倒档

back-geared
adj.
后齿轮的, 减速的

back-haul
n.
(货车的)回程

backjoint
n.

(1)

平行解理走向的节理面

(2)

留槽待填

(3)

石阶踏步背榫

back-kick
n.
逆转, 回转

backland
n.
[pl. ]背地, 腹地; 偏僻地区; 内陆地区

backleg
n.
逆导磁体

backlight
[`bAklaIt]
n.
逆光, 背面光
vt.
由后面照射

backlighting
n.
逆光照明, 来自后方的照明

backlimb
n.
【地质】背翼

backlining
[`bAk9laInIN]
n.
书脊粘衬;【建】背衬

backlist
[5bAklIst]
n.
出版商一直在重版的书目; 旧版书存货目录

backlocking
n.
反闭锁

backlog
[5bAklR^]
n.

(1)

[美](壁炉中垫底的)园柴

(2)

[口]存货备用物; 储备金; 积压的工作; 没交付的订货
vi.,vt.

(1)

积压

(2)

接受订货

backman
n.
杂工, 辅助工

backmixing
n.
逆向混合; 回混; 反混
adj.
反混的; 逆向混合的

backoff
n.

(1)

铲背

(2)

凹进

(3)

补偿

(4)

倒转后解松

back-order
vt.
订(货)

back-out
n., vt., vi.

(1)

扭出; 旋出

(2)

退火

(3)

取消; 放弃

(4)

逆序操作

back-pack
vt.

backpiece
n.
护背

backpitch
n.

(1)

背节距, 反螺旋

(2)

焊接或铆接行距

backplan
n.
底视图

backplane
n.
后连线板, 底板

back-planing
n.
【刷】刨背

backplate
n.
后板; 护板; 信号板

back-porch
n.
后沿

backpressure
n.
反压力; 背压

back-resistance
n.
反向电阻

backrest
[5bAkrest]
n.
靠背, 背架

back-roll
n.
反绕, 倒卷; 重转

backroom
adj.
[俚]不公开的; 秘密的

backrope
n.
斜桁撑杆后支索

backrun
adj.
逆向的, 反转的

backrush
n.
回卷

backsaw
[`bAksR:]
n.
背部加厚的短锯; 镶边短锯

back-sawn
adj.
【林】弦向锯切的

backscratching
[`bAk9skrAtFIN]
n.
[俗]为共同利益而互相利用backscatterer
n.
反向散射体, 向后散射体

backscattering
[`bAk9skAtErIN]
n.
反向散射, 后向散射(的)

backseat
n.

(1)

后座

(2)

次要的位置

backset
[`bAkset]
n.

(1)

倒流, 逆流; 涡流

(2)

倒退; 挫折

(3)

(疾病等的)复发

backshaft
n.
后轴

backshank
n.
针尾

backshift
n.
准备班, 交叉班

backshot
n.

(1)

排气管内爆音

(2)

消声射击

backsight
[`bAksaIt]
n.

(1)

【测】后视读数

(2)

【测】后视

(3)

(枪的)表尺(口), 表尺缺口

backspace
[5bAkspeIs]
vi.
(打字时)退回, 退格

backspin
[5bAkspIn]
vi.
下旋, 反旋转

backsplash
n.
后挡板, 后防溅板

back-spooling
n.
棱车电缆倒卷

back-stab
vt.
以卑鄙的手段陷害

backstage
[bAk5steIdV]
adv.
在[往]后台; 在[往]幕后; 私下; 秘密地
adj.
后台的; 幕后的; 隐藏的
n.
(剧院的)后台区

backstair(s)
adj.
秘密的, 间接的

backstand
n.

(1)

(带式抛光机调整抛光带张力的)后座, 张紧座

(2)

支承, 构架

backstay
[`bAksteI]
n.
(桅杆)后支索; 牵索

backstitch
[5bAkstIF]
n.
倒缝[针]
vt., vi
倒缝

backstop
n.

(1)

靶障壁, 靶堤

(2)

托架

(3)

(阻止球滚得太远的)挡球网

(4)

后档, 后支撑架
vt.
挡住; 支持

backstrapped
adj.
【航海】因涨潮或海流关系而无法航行的

backstretch
[`bAkstretF]
n.
(径赛跑道中)与终点直道平行部分; [美]将橡皮管从救火车拉直至消防栓的动作

backstroke
[5bAkstrEJk]
n.

(1)

反手击球; 反击

(2)

仰泳
vi.
仰泳
vt.
用反手击

backswamp
n.
漫滩沼泽

backswept
[`bAkswept]
adj.
后掠(角)的; 朝后倾斜的

backswing
[`bAkswIN]
n.

(1)

反冲, 回摆[程]

(2)

回复(故态, 立场, 款式等)

backsword
[`bAksR:d]
n.
单刃刀, 大砍刀; 木刀; 使用木刀练习击剑者

backtender
n.

(1)

造纸工段看管工; 后整理工

(2)

小型拉幅机

backtrack
[5bAktrAk]
vi.

(1)

退却, 退回; 撤回

(2)

走回头路; 改变过去的意见[主张]

backwall
n.

(1)

后墙

(2)

后墙水冷壁

backwash
[5bAkwCF]
n.
回流, 倒流; [喻]反响, 余波

backwater
[5bAkwC:tE(r)]
n.

(1)

倒划; 回水

(2)

停滞(状态)
adj.
停滞的, 落后的
vt.
(用逆划或逆转推进器)停船

backwearing
n.
使陡崖[山坡]后退而不改变它的倾斜度的侵蚀

backweld
n.
背焊缝

backwind
vt.

(1)

【航海】使风转向(下风的帆)

(2)

操(帆)使风向下风处
n.
背后风, 逆风; 倒片[卷]

back-work
n.
工作面和井筒之间的工作, 井下工作面以外的工作, 辅助工作

back-yard
n.
后院; 常去之地, 附近地区

backer
[5bAkE(r)]
n.
支持者[物]; 衬垫物; (打字机的)垫纸

backless
[`bAklIs]
adj.
无(靠)背

backmost
[5bAkmEJst]
adj.
最后面的

习惯用语

(as) bare as the back of one's hand
一无所有; 一贫如洗

at the back of one's mind
在记忆的深处, 下意识地

at sb.'s back (=at the back of sb.)
跟随某人; 支持某人

at the back of sth.
作为某事的主使者

be glad to see sb.'s back (= be glad to see the back of sb.)
巴不得某人离开; 希望摆脱某人

be laid on one's back
卧病在床

be on one's back
仰卧; [口]卧病; [口]毫无办法, 一筹莫展

be on sb.'s back
成为某人的负担; 不断地挑剔[嘲笑]某人

be thrown on one's back
(在摔跤比赛中)被摔倒两肩着地; 被打得大败

behind sb.'s back
背着某人, 背地里(常带贬义)

break sb.'s back

(1)

使其负担过重而不能胜任

(2)

使某人失败[破产]

break the back of sth.

(1)

完成某事的最艰难部分

(2)

挫败; 伤其要害

break the camel's back
使顶不住或忍不住

cast sth. behind one's back
把某事置之脑后, 蔑视某事

clap sb. on the back
拍拍某人的肩膀(表示祝贺或鼓励)

get back at sb.
[口]向某人报复

get off sb.'s back
不再成为某人的负担; 不再找某人麻烦

get on sb.'s back
麻烦某人

get one's back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)产生对抗情绪; (使)倔强起来

put one's back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)产生对抗情绪; (使)倔强起来

set one's back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)产生对抗情绪; (使)倔强起来

get sb.'s back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)产生对抗情绪; (使)倔强起来

put sb.'s back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)产生对抗情绪; (使)倔强起来

set sb.'s back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)产生对抗情绪; (使)倔强起来

get to the back of sth.
彻底了解事物底细, 弄清真相

give sb. the back
不再理睬某人, 舍某人而去

go behind sb.'s back
在某人背后搞鬼, 背着某人搞小动作

have...on one's back

(1)

背着, 驮着

(2)

受...攻击; 受...的责难; 被...不断地挑毛病

have one's back to the wall
被逼到没有退路; 陷入绝境; 以寡敌众; 负隅死战

fight with one's back to the wall
被逼到没有退路; 陷入绝境; 以寡敌众; 负隅死战

have one's back at the wall
被逼到没有退路; 陷入绝境; 以寡敌众; 负隅死战

fight with one's back at the wall
被逼到没有退路; 陷入绝境; 以寡敌众; 负隅死战

have one's own back
[口](向某人)报复, 复仇

get one's own back
[口](向某人)报复, 复仇

have one's own back on sb.
[口](向某人)报复, 复仇

get one's own back on sb.
[口](向某人)报复, 复仇

have sb. at one's back
有某人在背后支持, 有某人撑腰; 被某人追捕

in the back of
[美口] 在...背后; 支持, 主使

make a back for sb.
弯着腰让某人从自己背上跳过[攀登]

give a back for sb.
弯着腰让某人从自己背上跳过[攀登]

make a back to sb.
弯着腰让某人从自己背上跳过[攀登]

give a back to sb.
弯着腰让某人从自己背上跳过[攀登]

on the back of
紧跟着; 在...之外(常用以表示接二连三的灾祸)

upon the back of
紧跟着; 在...之外(常用以表示接二连三的灾祸)

one's back is up
发怒, 生气, 失去自制力

pat sb. on the back
拍拍某人肩膀(表示赞许或鼓励)

slap sb. on the back
拍拍某人肩膀(表示赞许或鼓励)

put one's back into sth.
孜孜不倦地做某事

put one's back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)发生反感; (使)倔强起来

set one's back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)发生反感; (使)倔强起来

put sb.'s back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)发生反感; (使)倔强起来

set sb.'s back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)发生反感; (使)倔强起来

raise one's back (against)
不接受..., 对...固执; 反抗

ride on sb.'s back
骑在某人头上, 压迫某人, 愚弄或欺骗某人

rip up the back
[美俚]背后说坏话, 背后攻击

Scratch my back and I'll scrach yours. (=Scratch me and I'll scratch you.)
[谚]你捧我, 我捧你; 你帮我, 我帮你; 朋比为奸。

see the back of
看(某人)离开; 赶走[摆脱](某人)

stab sb. in the back
暗箭伤人, 背后说坏话, 诽谤

talk through the back of one's neck (=talk through one's neck)
[口]说糊涂透顶的话,胡说八道;夸大其词,吹牛

speak through the back of one's neck (=talk through one's neck)
[口]说糊涂透顶的话,胡说八道;夸大其词,吹牛

theback of beyond
穷乡僻壤

there andback
来回

turn one's back on
不理睬

What is got over the devil's back is spent under his belly.
[谚](钱财) 来得不正, 去得也不正。

What's at the back of it?
闷葫芦里卖的什么药? 在背后搞什么名堂?

when one's back is turned
当某人不在时或忙做他事时

with one's back to the wall
非苦战不能幸免, 处于绝境

back and belly

(1)

腹背; 前后; 周身

(2)

衣食

back and edge
完全地; 全力地

back and fill
(船顺流而下时)不断地调整船帆使船蜿蜒前进(以避开障碍); 来来回回; 朝三暮四

back and forth
来回; 往复

back and side
完毕; 完全; 排除万难

back away (from)
(从...)躲开, 向后退

back down

(1)

放弃原来的立场[控告, 要求等]

(2)

降下

(3)

承认失言

back end
[英俗]秋天

back into
倒车撞上(某物)

back of

(1)

在...后边

(2)

支持; 帮助

(3)

致使(发生); 起因于

back off

(1)

(车辆等)向后退

(2)

放弃原来立场; 让步; 食言

back on to
背对着

back out(of)

(1)

食言; 打退堂鼓

(2)

因难而退

(3)

取消

(4)

扭松; 旋出

back to back

(1)

背靠背

(2)

一个接一个

back to front
[口]前后倒置

back to square one
(问题等)回到原来的状态(没有解决)

back up
支持; 补充; 倒退; (使)淤塞; (使)积滞

特殊用法

answer back
应答, 回报, 回答信号

arc(ing) back
(整流器的)逆弧, 回弧

balk back
【纺】绒背呢

birdy back
鸟驮式集装箱运输

blade back
(桨)叶背

broken back
(钢丝的)横裂纹带

brush back
后刷边

buy back
产品返销

carbon back
(传声器)碳精座

case back with spanner-hole
有扳手眼的表壳后盖

cat back
【船】锚钩索

channeling back
回流

chartered back
回租

check back
复核

chill back
冷冻稀释

chimney back
烟道调节板

circular back
圆?趁?

clear back
净里脊肉

consequential arc back
持续性逆弧

copy back
磁带复录

couple back
反馈耦合

cry back
返祖现象

cut back
稀释; 稀释产物; 中止; 削减; (踢球时)带球急转; (故事、电影等的)倒叙; 电影镜头拼合摄影法

cutting back
短截, 截顶(指根, 幼枝); 疏伐(指幼树)

die back
顶梢枯死

dolly back
(摄象机或摄影机)后移, 后退追踪摄影

duty draw back
货物再出口时的退税

engine throttled back
发动机节气门关闭

fat back
猪的脊背肥膘; 背肉肥的鱼; 蓝鲑

fiddle back
类似提琴的东西

feed back
回料; 反馈

fight back
顶回; 弹回

fire back
回火

fish back
锯齿板, 梳齿隔板

fishy back
鱼驮式集装箱运输

flare back
火舌回闪

flash back
反闪; 回火

flat back
方脊, 平脊(装帧)

flexible back
软背, 柔软书脊(装帧)

floating strong back
活动强力垫板

fly back
(钟)快速回零;【信】回扫

full back
后卫

green back
美钞; 美国南北战争时发行的不兑现纸币

folding back
捣胶; 翻胶

half back
中卫

header back
(联合收割机的)收割台挡风板

hog back
拱起物, 拱背; 等倾线之顶点

hollow back
腔背, 穹状书脊(书背和书本身不粘在一起的精装, 各国现在一般均通行这种形式, 日本称之为腔背)

inphase feed back
同相反馈, 同相回输

knife back
(切割器动刀上的)刀杆; 刀背

lead back
铅背滨鹬

lease back
回租

left back
左后卫

loading back
负载反馈法

lobster back
曲折管

long fat back
猪的长条脊膘

long rib back
(烟熏肉用长身型猪的)长条肋肉

low(er) back
腰部

medium curing cut back (asphalt)
(沥青)中级处理回收段

melt back
回熔, 反复焙炼, 反复熔炼

negative (reverse) feed back
【信】负反馈

oil back
装油设备(石油加工厂用以往铁路油槽车装油的设备)

phasing back
后相

pig back
用生铁增碳

piston ring back
活塞环内表面

plough (plow) back
利润再投资

polling back
【采矿】支(架)后采掘

pressing back
模印, 模压

pressure back
(航空摄影机的)压板

program roll back
程序卷回, 程序重算, 程序重新运行

racking back
留齿缝待接

recycle back
反向循环

reflex-reflective back
反光的反射背板

remote loop back
远端返回[回送]

rib back
肋条肉

right back
右后卫

roll back
重新运行, 重算

run back
回流, 返回

saddle back
鞍形山脊

safe back
(平锉的)背面, (扁三角锉的)侧面

sale and lease back
出售后回租

sand back
砂层回填

seat back
座椅靠背

serrated case back
锯齿形表壳后盖

share back
梨铧背

short rib back
牛前背部肉

shunt back
调回, 退行

signal unit back
信号机背板

skew back
斜块拱座

skinned fat back
去皮猪的肥里脊肉

skip back
跳越式回绕

slow curing cut back (asphalt)
慢干道路沥青

snap back
快回, 急速返回, 快反向

spring back
反冲, 跳回

sprung back
慢性腰骶部棘间韧带损伤

square back
方脊, 方背(装帧)

flat back
方脊, 方背(装帧)

stamping back
模印

supporting back
支背

talk back
工作联络电话(专线), 对讲

tape back
倒带

throttling back
节流

tie back
(采矿)警告挡梁

tight back
紧背, 硬背(装帧)

fast back
紧背, 硬背(装帧)

title back
字幕背景

track(ing) back
后退摄影, 拉镜头

upper back
上背

water back
贮水器; 加热水池; 加热管道

weather back
【建】涂在墙壁上可耐风雨的材料

wired back
布线背面

yellow back
美国黄背纸币(可在国库兑换现金), 美国黄金债券

参考词汇
support    

用法词典

back
来自中古英语 bak<古英语 bèc

英文相关词典

back
fore    forth    front    

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

back

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

back
背;后面;向后;支持

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

back
后面

[七国语言]英汉轻工业大词典

back
背面

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

back

[七国语言]英汉医学大词典

back
背, 后面

美国传统词典

back
back 1
AHD:[b2k]
D.J.[b#k]
K.K.[b#k]
n.

(1)

The posterior portion of the trunk of the human body between the neck and the pelvis; the dorsum.

(2)

The analogous dorsal region in other animals.

(3)

The backbone or spine.

(4)

The part or area farthest from the front.

(5)

The part opposite to or behind that adapted for view or use:
the back of the hand; wrote on the back of the photograph.

(6)

The reverse side, as of a coin.

(7)

A part that supports or strengthens from the rear:
the back of a couch.

(8)

The part of a book where the pages are stitched or glued together into the binding.

(9)

The binding itself.

(10)

Sports

(11)

A player who takes a position behind the front line of other players in certain games, such as football.

(12)

This playing position.
v.
backed, back.ing, backs
v.tr.

(1)

To cause to move backward or in a reverse direction:
Back the car up ten feet and then make the turn.

(2)

To furnish or strengthen with a back or backing.

(3)

To provide with financial or spiritual help; support or sustain:
backed our candidate with a $1,000-a-plate dinner.See Synonyms at support

(4)

To bet or wager on.

(5)

To adduce evidence in support of; substantiate:
backed the argument with facts.

(6)

To form the back or background of:
Snowcapped mountains back the village.
v.intr.

(1)

To move backward.

(2)

To shift to a counterclockwise direction. Used of the wind.
adj.

(1)

Located or placed in the rear:
Deliveries should be made at the back entrance.

(2)

Distant from a center of activity; remote.

(3)

Of a past date; not current:
a back issue of a periodical.

(4)

Being owed or due from an earlier time; in arrears:
back pay.

(5)

Being in a backward direction.

(6)

Linguistics Pronounced with the back of the tongue, as oo in cool. Used of vowels.
adv.

(1)

At, to, or toward the rear or back; backward.

(2)

In, to, or toward a former location:
went back for the class reunion.

(3)

In, to, or toward a former condition.

(4)

In, to, or toward a past time.

(5)

In reserve or concealment.

(6)

In check or under restraint:
Barriers held the crowd back.

(7)

In reply or return.

常用词组

back away
To withdraw from a position; retreat.

back down
To withdraw from a position, opinion, or commitment.

back off
To retreat or draw away.

back out

(1)

To withdraw from (an enterprise or a plan) before completion.

(2)

To fail to keep a commitment or promise.

back up

(1)

To cause to accumulate or undergo accumulation:
The accident backed the traffic up for blocks. Traffic backed up in the tunnel.

(2)

Computer Science To make a backup of (a program or file).

习惯用语

back and fill

(1)

Nautical To maneuver a vessel in a narrow channel by adjusting the sails so as to let the wind in and out of them in alteration.

(2)

To vacillate in one's actions or decisions.

语源

(1)

Middle English bak

(2)

from Old English b?c

继承用法

backless
adj.

用法
The expression back of is an informal variant of in back of and is best avoided in writing: There was a small stable in back of (not simply back of ) the house.

基本词义

back
back 2
AHD:[b2k]
D.J.[b#k]
K.K.[b#k]
n.
A shallow vat or tub used chiefly by brewers.

语源

(1)

Dutch bak

(2)

from French bac

(3)

from Old French [boat]

(4)

from Vulgar Latin *baccus [vessel]

(5)

[probably of Celtic origin]

[名词委审定]英汉人体解剖学名词(1991)

back

英汉船舶大词典

back
n.背面,背网,衬垫;n.叶背

英汉电力大词典

back
n.背,背面,底座

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

back
背面,反[后]向,机身上部,返回;【微软】上一(页,步,...),悔牌

英汉电信大词典

back
n.反向,衬垫

英汉地质大词典

back
n.巷道顶板;n.走向节理,巷道顶板,露头

英汉法学大词典

back
v.背书 ,支持,背签 ,签字批准

英汉纺织大词典

back
n.背面

英汉航海大词典

back
n.背书

英汉航空大词典

back
n.背,背部;n.背面的,后部的;n.倒退,倒;n.向后滑行;n.由上而下的情报传递

英汉化学大词典

back
adv.向后,回,以前;n.背,后面,基座,岭

英汉海运大词典

back
背后的背面,后面(推进器)叶背底座,衬垫向后,退后返回

基本词义

back
烘烤,烧干,烧硬

基本词义

back
背面,后面叶背衬垫,底座背面的,后面的,反向的倒(车)

基本词义

back
背面,后面叶背,推进器车叶的背面(向船首的一面)衬垫,底座平底宽渡船(船的)龙骨,串联锚向后,倒背面的,后面的反向的倒(车),退后,逆行(风由东向北等)向左变化背书支票等

基本词义

back
背脊,背面推进器车叶的背面(向船首的一面)背后的背材向后倒退,倒车风向左转(北半球反时针方向)串联锚

基本词义

back
背脊,背面(车叶的)背面(向船首的一面)向后倒退,风向左转(北半球反时针方向)串联锚

英汉经贸大词典

back
n.背书

英汉计算机大词典

back
adv.向后(回,以前);n.背(后面,基座

英汉机械大词典

back
n.背面,背部

英汉建筑大词典

back
n.背,后面

最新会计师英汉大词典

back
拖欠,退回,背书

英汉农牧林大词典

back
n.田垄,巷道顶板

英汉能源大词典

back
n.巷道顶板,两水平间的矿脉,走向节理,巷道顶板,露头

英汉汽车大词典

back
n.背部,后部,反向

英汉水利大词典

back
n.背,拱顶,基座,田垄

英汉贸易大词典

back
退回,拖欠,资助,背书

英汉消防大词典

back
【矿】巷道顶板, 两水平间的矿脉

现代商务英汉大词典

back
退回,拖欠,资助,背书

英汉冶金大词典

back
n.背,后背

英汉医学大词典

back
n.背,背板

英汉中医大词典

back
n.背部,背脊,背面

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