简明英汉词典

average
[5AvEridV]
n.
平均, 平均水平, 平均数, 海损
adj.
一般的, 通常的, 平均的
vt.
平均为, 均分, 使平衡, 达到平均水平
vi.
买进, 卖出

美国传统词典[双解]

average
av.er.age
AHD:[2v“…r-1j, 2v“r1j]
D.J.[6#v*id9, 6#vrid9]
K.K.[6#v+!d9, 6#vr!d9]
n.Abbr. av., avg.(名词)缩写 av.avg.

(1)

Mathematics
【数学】

(2)

A number that typifies a set of numbers of which it is a function.
平均数:一个代表一组作为整体的数的特征的值

(3)

See arithmetic mean
参见 arithmetic mean

(4)

An intermediate level or degree:
平均水准:一种中等的水平或程度:
near the average in size.
大小接近平均值

(5)

The usual or ordinary kind or quality:
平均状态:指通常的或一般的类型或性质:
Although the wines vary, the average is quite good.
尽管每种酒各不相同,平均水准很不错

(6)

Sports The ratio of a team's or player's successful performances such as wins, hits, or goals, divided by total opportunities for successful performance, such as games, times at bat, or shots:
【体育运动】 平均率:某一运动队或运动员之成功次数,如赢球、击球、射门与成功的总机遇如比赛次数的比率,代表平均成绩:
finished the season with a .500 average; a batting average of .274.
以一个500分的平均成绩结束了本赛季;平均274分的击球成绩

(7)

Law
【法律】

(8)

The loss of a ship or cargo, caused by damage at sea.
海损:由于海上风险造成的船或货的损失

(9)

The incurrence of damage or loss of a ship or a cargo at sea.
海损损失:因海损使船货受损的情况

(10)

The equitable distribution of such a loss among concerned parties.
海损分担:海损在有关方面之间的平均分担

(11)

A charge incurred through such a loss.
海损索赔:因海损而导致的索赔

(12)

Nautical Small expenses or charges that are usually paid by the master of a ship.
【航海】 航海费用:通常由船长负责支付的小额费用或支出
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Mathematics Of, relating to, or constituting an average.
【数学】 平均的:属于、关于或组成一个平均数的

(2)

Being intermediate between extremes, as on a scale:
中等的:在数量上位于两极端之间的:
a player of average ability.
一个中等能力的运动员

(3)

Usual or ordinary in kind or character:
普通的:在类型或特征上通常的或寻常的:
a poll of average people; average eyesight.
普通人群落;中等视力

(4)

Assessed in accordance with the laws of average.
海损法的:符合海损法的估算的
v.(动词)
av.er.agedav.er.ag.ingav.er.ag.es
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

Mathematics To calculate the average of:
【数学】 计算…的平均值:
average a set of numbers.
取一组数的平均值

(2)

To do or have an average of:
调和,拉平:使具有平均程度:
averaged three hours of work a day.
将每天的工作量调为三小时

(3)

To distribute proportionately:
分摊:按固定比例分担:
average one's income over four years so as to minimize the tax rate.
将某人的收入分至四年从而使税赋降至最小程度
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To be or amount to an average:
平均:作为或达到一个中间值:
Some sparrows are six inches long, but they average smaller. Our expenses averaged out to 45 dollars per day.
有些麻雀可达六英寸长,但它们平均要小些。我们的支出平均每天四十五美元

(2)

To buy or sell more goods or shares to obtain more than an average price.
维持(有利的)平均价格:买进或卖出额外的货物或股票以维持高于平均的价格

语源

(1)

From Middle English averay [charge above the cost of freight]
源自 中古英语 averay [要价高于货物成本]

(2)

from Old French avarie
源自 古法语 avarie

(3)

from Old Italian avaria [duty]
源自 古意大利语 avaria [税赋]

(4)

from Arabic 'aw3oyah} [damaged goods]
源自 阿拉伯语 'aw3oyah} [受损的货物]

(5)

from 'awar [blemish]
源自 'awar [瑕]

继承用法

averagely
adv.(副词)

averageness
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

averagemediummediocrefairmiddlingindifferenttolerable

(2)

These adjectives indicate rank or position around the middle of a scale of evaluation.
这些形容词均表示某一估价之中间附近之等级或位置。

(3)

Average and
Average

(4)

medium apply to what is midway between extremes on such a scale; usually they imply both sufficiency and lack of distinction:
medium 用于指某一程度两极值间的中部;通常它们均指充分性及不加区别性:
a novel of average merit;
一个中等优秀的小说;
an orange of medium size.
中等大小的桔子。

(5)

Mediocre stresses the undistinguished aspect of what is average:
Mediocre 强调了作为中等者不加区分的方面:
“The caliber of the students . . . has gone from mediocre to above average” (Judy Pasternak). What is fair is passable but substantially below excellent:
“学生们的能力…,已从普通升为高于中等” (朱迪·帕斯特耐克)。而fair 指可及格的但次于优秀的:
a fair student;
一个尚好的学生;
in fair health;
健康状况尚好;
have a fair idea of what's going on.
对发生的事有清晰的概念。

(6)

Middling refers to middle position between best and worst:
Middling 指最好与最差的中心位置:
gave a middling performance at best.
尽力给予中等程度的表演。

(7)

Indifferent applies to what is of less than striking character, being neither very good nor very bad:
Indifferent 指不会引起轰动的特征,既不很好也不很差:
“One and the same thing can at the same time be good, bad, and indifferent, e.g., music is good to the melancholy, bad to those who mourn, and neither good nor bad to the deaf” (Spinoza). Something that is tolerable is merely acceptable:
“同一件事物在同一时间可以是好的、坏的、一般的,例如,音乐对忧郁者来说是好的,对悲哀者来说是坏的,对耳聋者来说既不好也不坏” (斯宾诺莎)。tolerable 只指可接受的事物:
prepared a tolerable dinner.
准备了凑合的晚餐。

现代英汉词典

average
[5AvErIdV]
n.

(1)

平均数
The average of 4, 8, and 60 is 24.
4、8和60的平均数是24。

(2)

平均;平均水平
What is the average rainfall for August in your country?
你们国家八月份的平均降雨量是多少?
His results is the average.
他的成绩平平。

习惯用语

law of averages
平均律

on (an) average
通常;按平均

词性变化

average
vt.
-raged, -raging

(1)

平均为
Months of high and low sales average out over the year.
销售额高低不同的月份按全年统算达到一般水平。

(2)

达到平均水平

(3)

求…的平均数

习惯用语

average out (at)
平均为

现代英汉综合大辞典

average
[5AvEridV]
n.

(1)

平均, 平均数

(2)

平均标准, 一般水平

(3)

海损; 海损费用; (给领航的)报酬

词性变化

average
[5AvEridV]
adj.

(1)

平均的

(2)

普通的, 平常的, 一般水平的
men of average ability
能力一般的人
the average age of the boys
这些男孩子的平均年龄
students of average intelligence
普通智力的学生

average
[5AvEridV]
vt.

(1)

平均, 均分

(2)

求平均值
If you average 7, 14 and 6, you get 9.
将 7, 14, 6之和均分得9。
We average 8 hours' work a day.
我们每天平均工作八小时。
The rainfall average s 800 mm. a year.
平均每年降雨量为800毫米。

average
[5AvEridV]
vi.
(为得到更有利的平均价格)买进; 卖出

习惯用语

above the average
在一般 水平以上, 中上; 在平均数以上

batting average
【体】(棒球等)击球手的平均击球率; [口]平均成功率

be well up to the average
完全达到一般水平

be quite up to the average
完全达到一般水平

be about up to the average
刚达到一般水平

below the average
在一般水平以下, 中下; 在平均数以下

on the average
平均, 按平均数计算; 一般地说

on an average
平均, 按平均数计算; 一般地说

strike an average
平均起来算, 算出平均数

take an average
平均起来算, 算出平均数

average down
低于平均价格买进

average out

(1)

达到某一平均数

(2)

最终达到平衡

average up
高于平均价格卖出

特殊用法

accustomed averages
酬劳费, 运输费

annual average
年平均数

arbitrary average
假定平均数

arithmetical average
算术平均数

assembly average
汇集平均值

assumed average
假定均值[平均数]

backward moving average
后向移动平均

chronological average
序时平均数

circular error average
平均圆形误差

column average
列平均

common average
简单平均数; 普通海损

compound average
综合平均数

customary average
惯例免赔率

daily average
日平均

earned run average
投手责任得分率

efficiency average
平均生产率[效率]

empirical average
经验平均值

ensemble average
总体均值

exponential average
指数平均数

fielding average
防守率

finite time average
有限(的)均值

foreign general average
国外共同海损

games average
胜负局数的比率

geometric average
几何平均数

goal average
胜负数率

grade point average
年级平均成绩; 平均 积分点

grand average
总平均

gross average
平均毛额

harmonic average
调和平均数

industrials average
工业股平均价格指数

market average
平均[中等]市价

molecular-weight average
平均分子量

moving average
移动平均数

overall average
总平均数

particle size average
粒度平均值

particular average
单独海损

petty averages
小海损; 酬劳费

phase average
相平均

process average
过程平均

progressive average
累加平均

prorata average
按比例均摊

rolling average
移动[继动]平均

sample average
样本均值

ship under average
中等以下级船舶

shooting average
投篮命中率

stock averages
股分[库存]平均数

stock price average
证券价格平均数

time-weighted average
加权时间平均值

transportation average
交通运输股平均指数

true average
真平均, 起初平均数

utilities average
公用事业股票平均价格指数

viscosity average
粘度平均值

weighted average
加权平均值

weighted arithmetic average
加权算术平均数

weightedly average
中等家景

average of daily figures
每日平均数

英文相关词典

average
fair    medium    middle    ordinary    passable    usual    maximum    minimum    

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

average
平均

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

average
平均

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

average
平均

[七国语言]英汉机械工程大词典

average
平均;平均的

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

average
平均

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

average
平均

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

average
平均值, 中间值

[七国语言]英汉数学大词典

average
平均值

[七国语言]英汉物理大词典

average
平均;平均的

[七国语言]英汉原子能大词典

average
平均

美国传统词典

average
av.er.age
AHD:[2v“…r-1j, 2v“r1j]
D.J.[6#v*id/, 6#vrid/]
K.K.[6#v+!d/, 6#vr!d/]
n.Abbr. av., avg.

(1)

Mathematics

(2)

A number that typifies a set of numbers of which it is a function.

(3)

See arithmetic mean

(4)

An intermediate level or degree:
near the average in size.

(5)

The usual or ordinary kind or quality:
Although the wines vary, the average is quite good.

(6)

Sports The ratio of a team's or player's successful performances such as wins, hits, or goals, divided by total opportunities for successful performance, such as games, times at bat, or shots:
finished the season with a .500 average; a batting average of .274.

(7)

Law

(8)

The loss of a ship or cargo, caused by damage at sea.

(9)

The incurrence of damage or loss of a ship or a cargo at sea.

(10)

The equitable distribution of such a loss among concerned parties.

(11)

A charge incurred through such a loss.

(12)

Nautical Small expenses or charges that are usually paid by the master of a ship.
adj.

(1)

Mathematics Of, relating to, or constituting an average.

(2)

Being intermediate between extremes, as on a scale:
a player of average ability.

(3)

Usual or ordinary in kind or character:
a poll of average people; average eyesight.

(4)

Assessed in accordance with the laws of average.
v.
av.er.aged, av.er.ag.ing, av.er.ag.es
v.tr.

(1)

Mathematics To calculate the average of:
average a set of numbers.

(2)

To do or have an average of:
averaged three hours of work a day.

(3)

To distribute proportionately:
average one's income over four years so as to minimize the tax rate.
v.intr.

(1)

To be or amount to an average:
Some sparrows are six inches long, but they average smaller. Our expenses averaged out to 45 dollars per day.

(2)

To buy or sell more goods or shares to obtain more than an average price.

语源

(1)

From Middle English averay [charge above the cost of freight]

(2)

from Old French avarie

(3)

from Old Italian avaria [duty]

(4)

from Arabic 'aw3oyah} [damaged goods]

(5)

from 'awar [blemish]

继承用法

averagely
adv.

averageness
n.

参考词汇

(1)

average, medium, mediocre, fair, middling, indifferent, tolerable

(2)

These adjectives indicate rank or position around the middle of a scale of evaluation.

(3)

Average and

(4)

medium apply to what is midway between extremes on such a scale; usually they imply both sufficiency and lack of distinction:
a novel of average merit;
an orange of medium size.

(5)

Mediocre stresses the undistinguished aspect of what is average:
“The caliber of the students . . . has gone from mediocre to above average” (Judy Pasternak). What is fair is passable but substantially below excellent:
a fair student;
in fair health;
have a fair idea of what's going on.

(6)

Middling refers to middle position between best and worst:
gave a middling performance at best.

(7)

Indifferent applies to what is of less than striking character, being neither very good nor very bad:
“One and the same thing can at the same time be good, bad, and indifferent, e.g., music is good to the melancholy, bad to those who mourn, and neither good nor bad to the deaf” (Spinoza). Something that is tolerable is merely acceptable:
prepared a tolerable dinner.

英汉船舶大词典

average
n.海损,平均;n.平均值

英汉电力大词典

average
n.平均,平均数,平均的

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

average
平均量;【修】平均

英汉电信大词典

average
n.平均的,平均值

英汉法学大词典

average
n.海损 ,海损费用,海损赔偿费用 ;adj.平均

英汉广播大词典

average
n.平均

英汉航海大词典

average
n.海损,海损的公平分担

英汉环境大词典

average
n.平均的

英汉航空大词典

average
n.平均的,中等的;n.平均值

英汉化学大词典

average
n.平均,一般水平,海损;adj.平均的,普通的,正常的

英汉海运大词典

average
海损,海损费用,(给引航员的)报酬平均,平均数平均的,普通的平均,均分

基本词义

average
平均,普通的海损

基本词义

average
平均值海损

基本词义

average
平均值海损平均的按海损估价的

基本词义

Average
海损平均平均(值)平均值平均数海损费用,(给引航员的)报酬平均的,普通的

英汉经贸大词典

average
n.海损,海损的公平分担,商船支付的杂费;n.平均数

英汉计算机大词典

average
n.平均(一般水平,海损);adj.平均的(普通的,正常的)

英汉机械大词典

average
n.平均,海损

英汉建筑大词典

average
n.平均的

英汉农牧林大词典

average
n.平均,海损

英汉水利大词典

average
n.平均,平均的,一般的

英汉贸易大词典

average
海损,平均数,平均,平均数

英汉消防大词典

average
平均(数,值)

英汉心理学大词典

average
平均

现代商务英汉大词典

average
海损,平均数,平均,平均数

英汉冶金大词典

average
n.平均,平均数

英汉医学大词典

average
n.平均数

英汉中医大词典

average
n.平均的

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