简明英汉词典

attack
[E5tAk]
n.
进攻, 攻击, (用语言)抨击, 批评, 疾病发作, 侵袭
vt.
攻击, 抨击, 动手处理(某事)
vi.
攻击

美国传统词典[双解]

attack
at.tack
AHD:[…-t2k“]
D.J.[*6t#k]
K.K.[*6t#k]
v.(动词)
at.tackedat.tack.ingat.tacks
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To set upon with violent force.
袭击,攻击:以暴力攻击

(2)

To criticize strongly or in a hostile manner.
抨击,责骂:严厉的或不礼貌的批评

(3)

To start work on with purpose and vigor:
着手,开始:有目的、精力旺盛的开始工作:
attack a problem.
着手解决问题

(4)

To begin to affect harmfully:
侵袭,侵犯:开始有害影响:
The disease had already attacked the central nervous system.
疾病已侵犯了中枢神经系统
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To make an attack; launch an assault:
袭击,突击:进行攻击;发动攻击:
The enemy attacked during the night.
敌人在夜间发动攻击
n.(名词)

(1)

The act or an instance of attacking; an assault.
进攻,攻击:攻击的行为或实例;猛烈而突然的袭击

(2)

An expression of strong criticism; hostile comment:
攻击,抨击:严厉谴责的表达;恶意的评论:
vicious attacks in all the newspapers.
在所有报纸上进行抨击

(3)

Sports
【体育运动】

(4)

An offensive action in a sport or game.
进攻动作:体育运动或游戏中采取的进攻

(5)

The players executing such an action.
进攻队员:体育运动中采取进攻的运动员

(6)

The initial movement in a task or undertaking:
着手,开始:任务或事业的开始:
made an optimistic attack on the pile of paperwork.
乐观地着手一大堆的案头工作

(7)

An episode or onset of a disease, especially an occurrence of a chronic disease:
患病,突然发病:患病的经历或疾病的开始,尤指慢性疾病的发作:
an asthma attack.
气喘病发作

(8)

The experience or beginning of a feeling, need, or desire:
渴望:某种感觉、需求或渴望的经历或开始:
an attack of hunger; an attack of melancholy.
饥饿感觉的侵袭;感到忧郁

(9)

Music The beginning or manner of beginning a piece, passage, or tone.
【音乐】 起声,起奏:一段、一章或一曲音乐的开始或风格

(10)

Decisiveness and clarity in artistic expression:
感染力:艺术表达的力度及思想的明晰:
a careful performance, but one lacking the rigorous attack the work demands.
一场精心设计但缺乏作品所需感染力的表演

语源

(1)

French attaquer
法语 attaquer

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Old Italian *estaccare
源自 古意大利语 *estaccare

(4)

[of Germanic origin]
[日耳曼语源的]

继承用法

attacker
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

attackbombardassailstormassaultbeset

(2)

These verbs mean to set upon, physically or figuratively.
这些动词都表示实际或象征性地攻击。

(3)

Attack applies to offensive action, physical or verbal, and especially to the onset of planned aggression:
attack 暗示对身体上或言辞上的进攻行为,尤指有计划地发动进攻:
The commandos attacked the outpost at dawn.
突击队员于拂晓时袭击了前哨基地。
The governor was attacked by the press for failing to keep a campaign promise.
市长因未遵守竞选时的诺言而被报界攻击。

(4)

Bombard suggests showering with bombs or shells (
Bombard 指炸弹或炮弹轰击(
The fleet anchored in the bay and bombarded the town) or figuratively with words (
舰队在海湾抛锚并轰击了城镇) 或用言语象征性的攻击(
The television star was bombarded with invitations).
请帖象炮弹般发向电视明星)。

(5)

Assail implies repeated attacks:
Assail 意指反复地打击:
an area assailed by enemy forces from both directions;
被敌人武装力量从两个方向袭击的地区;
a novel assailed by critics;
一部被评论家抨击的小说;
a member of the jury assailed by doubts.
许多陪审员被疑点所困扰。

(6)

Storm refers to a sudden, sweeping attempt to achieve a victory:
Storm 指为获取胜利而进行的突然、全面的袭击:
Some of the rebels were killed in the act of storming the citadel.
一些反叛者在突袭城堡时被杀。
“Yet, only a few months after triumphantly storming the country, [the President] is obliged to storm Capitol Hill, with greater difficulty and with less than complete success” (Economist).
“然而,胜利席卷乡村后只有几个月的时间, 就被迫去进攻坎皮特山,困难很大然而取得全面成功的机会很小” (经济学家)。

(7)

Assault usually implies sudden, intense violence:
Assault 通常指突发的集中的暴力行为:
Muggers often assault their victims on dark streets.
歹徒时常在黑暗的街道上攻击被害者。
Strobe lights assaulted my eyes.
灯光刺伤了我的眼睛。

(8)

Beset suggests beleaguerment from all sides by an enemy force or by adversity:
Beset 指受到敌人武装力量或敌对者的各方围攻:
The fox was beset by hunters and hounds.
狐狸被猎人和猎狗围攻。
The city council is beset by problems.
城市委员会遇到各种难题

现代英汉词典

attack
[E5tAk]
vt., vi.

(1)

进攻;攻击
The enemy attacked on the left flank.
敌人向左翼进攻。

(2)

抨击;批评

(3)

侵袭;伤害
The disease attacked his bones.
病患已侵袭了他的骨胳。
The famous master swimmer had an attack of cramp and had to give up the contest.
那个著名的游泳健将突然抽筋,不得不退出比赛。

(4)

开始处理(某事)
She attacked the difficulties at once.
她立即开始处理难题。
As soon as he arrived at the workshop, the technician attacked the difficulties at once.
技术员一到车间就立即干劲十足地着手解决困难。

(5)

〈体〉进攻

词性变化

attack
n.

(1)

进攻;攻击

(2)

抨击;批评

(3)

(疾病)侵袭,发作
a heart attack
心脏病发作

现代英汉综合大辞典

attack
[E5tAk]
vt.

(1)

攻击

(2)

非难, 抨击; 辱骂

(3)

着手, 投入, 从事

(4)

(疾病)侵袭

(5)

腐蚀, 侵蚀
attack the enemy
攻打敌人
a disease that attacks children
侵袭儿童的疾病
He tried to attack the problem.
他设法解决这个问题。
The hungry boy attacked his dinner as soon as it was served.
饭刚刚摆好, 这个饥饿的男孩就狼吞虎咽地吃起来。
He was attacked with dysentery.
他患痢疾。
Strong acids attack metals.
强酸腐蚀金属。

词性变化

attack
[E5tAk]
vi.
攻击
n.

(1)

攻击, 袭击

(2)

抨击, 辱骂

(3)

着手, 动手

(4)

(疾病)发作, 发病

(5)

【航空】迎角, 冲角, 攻角

(6)

(表演或竞赛中的)主动

(7)

(化学)腐蚀
an attack of fever
发烧
a liver attack
肝病突发
heartattack
心脏病的突然发作; 心力衰竭
A-is the best defense.
进攻是最好的防御。

继承用法

attackable
adj.
可腐蚀的, 可侵蚀的

习惯用语

be attacked with (a disease)
患[害]病

have an attack of
发作(指病)

make an attack on
攻击, 向...进攻

make an attack upon
攻击, 向...进攻

open an attack
开始进攻

特殊用法

aerial attack
空袭

air attack
空袭

aerospace attack
航空航天[空间]袭击

air attack in force
大规模空袭

airborne attack
空降突击

air-launched attack
空中发射的导弹攻击

air spray attack
撒毒空袭

all-out attack
总攻击, 全面[密集]突击

all-weather air attack
全天候空袭

alternating attack
交叉进攻

antiground attack
对地面防空兵器突击; 对地面目标突击

atmospheric attack
空袭

atomic attack
原子突击[袭击]

bad attack
严重侵袭[发病]

beam attack
侧向攻击

blind attack
盲目攻击(借助雷达瞄准具攻击)

blitz attack
闪击战; 毁灭性的攻击

bomb(er) attack
轰炸, 轰炸突击

bomb blanket attack
面积[全面]轰炸

bow-on attack
迎面攻击

break(ing)-off attack
(截击机在退出战斗前的)最后一次攻击

carrier-based attack
舰载航空兵突击

carrier-borne attack
舰载航空兵突击

cathodic attack
阴极腐蚀

chemical attack
化学反应腐蚀; 化学侵蚀

circutous air attack
迂回空袭

climb attack
上升攻击

close-in attack
近距离攻击

collision attack
相遇航向截击

collision-course attack
相遇航向截击

close-quarter air attack
对近距离目标空袭; 从近距离基地出动的航空兵空袭

contraorbit attack
逆轨道攻击(将反导弹导弹引入遭遇轨道实施截击)

conventional air (weapon) attack
常规武器空袭

converging attack
向心突击, 分进合击(从不同方向同时对一个目标实施集中突击)

cosmic space attack
宇宙空间袭击

counterair (force) attack
对敌空袭兵器突击; 防空空军突击

countereconomy attack
对经济目标袭击

deceptive attack
佯攻

deposit attack
沉积腐蚀

dispersed air attack
分散空袭, 宽正面空袭

dive-bombing attack
俯冲轰炸

diversionary attack
牵制性攻击, 佯攻

diving attack
俯冲攻击

double-barrel attack
(双打)轮番进攻

double pivot attack
双中锋 进攻(一般靠近篮下)

double post attack
双中锋进攻(一般靠近罚球线)

dummy attack
佯动[牵制]袭击

dusting-off attack
[口]反复突击[袭击](使破坏的目标不能修复)

electronic countermeasures attack
电子干扰袭击

false attack
假进攻

fire attack
燃烧弹空袭

first run attack
直接[一次]进入轰炸

follow-up attack
后续突击; 核导弹突击后的航空兵袭击

formation(aircraft) attack
(飞机)编队攻击

gas attack
毒气攻击; 气体腐蚀

grain attack
晶粒腐蚀[侵蚀]

ground-hugging attack
低空袭击

head-on attack
迎面攻击

hedge-hopping attack
[口]超低空攻击

heavy air attack
大规模空袭

holding air attack
牵制性空袭

hydrogen attack
氢侵蚀

impingement attack
冲击间腐蚀

incendiary attack
燃烧弹空袭

intercontinental air attack
洲际空袭

intercrystalline attack
晶间侵蚀

kamikaze attack
神风自杀飞机攻击

knife-edge attack
刃口蚀缝[腐蚀](不锈钢焊缝母材熔合区)

knife-line attack
刀切状腐蚀

landing attack
登陆[机降]突击

lead-course attack
前置航向攻击

live attack
实弹攻击

low-flying spray attack
低空撒毒

major missile attack
大规模导弹攻击

manned space weapon attack
有人驾驶空间武器袭击

mass head-on attack
编队迎面同时攻击

matingattack
杀棋攻势

midbeamattack
正侧方攻击(与目标航向成90°角)

mine attack
水雷攻击; 布设水雷

mop-up attack
扫荡袭击; 肃清残敌袭击

multidimensional attack
立体攻击(从空中、陆地、海上联合攻击)

one-pass attack
二次球(一传后的扣球)

one-way attack
一次使用的无人驾驶空袭兵器的攻击

on-the-deck air attack
[口]低空空袭

opposite quarter high-side attack
两面侧上方同时攻击

overshoot attack
带冲前动作的攻击

parallel head-on attack
平行迎面攻击

pattern attack
固定配合进攻法

pinpoint attack
精确攻击, 对点状目标攻击

polish attack
抛光浸蚀

pyrogenic attack
火法处理

quartering attack
从机尾攻击

rear attack
后方攻击

running attack
冲刺

self-contained night attack
独立夜间攻击

set shot attack
原地投篮进攻战术

sharp angled attack
与网成锐角的扣球, 小斜线扣球

simulated (aggressor) air attack
模拟空袭

simultaneous multiple-target attack
对多批敌机同时袭击

stern attack
后方[尾后]攻击(截击机与目标的航向差小于45)

strike attack
对地面目标突击

sudden attack
奇袭

surprise air attack
突然空袭

tail attack
尾部[后半球]攻击

target-of-opportunity attack
对意外目标攻击

three-dimensional attack
立体[三维空间]攻击

treetop attack
[口]超低空空袭

triple pivot attack
三个中锋进攻法(一般靠篮下)

turbulent attack
紊流腐蚀

two-time attack
两个速度[节奏]进攻

vectored attacks
引[制]导(下的)攻击

wave attack
(轰炸机)波浪式[梯次]突击

weave attack "8"
字形进攻法(一般切向篮下)

wide spread air attack
宽大正面空袭

wild-cat spring attack
"快板球"

windmill attack
大抡臂扣球

zero-feet attack
超低空攻击

attack in close order
密集突击

attack in echelons
梯次突击

attack in flights
小队攻击

attack in force
大规模[大编队]攻击

attack in massed formation
密集突击

attack in open order
疏开突击

attack of insects
虫蛀

attack on the blade
?岷系慕?用拔剑、压剑、缠绕剑等动作进攻)

参考词汇
attack     assail     assault     charge     beset    
都含有"攻击"的意思。

(1)

attack 是常用词, 指"攻击敌人"或"用言论攻击他人", 如:
Germany began to attack the Soviet Union in 1941.
德国在1941年开始进攻苏联。

(2)

assail 指"猛烈连续地攻击", 如:
The enemy plane assailed our defence position.
敌机不断猛烈地攻击我们的阵地。

(3)

assault 语气比 assail强, 指"突然猛烈地进攻", 暗示"武力的直接接触" (如肉搏等), 也有"暴力"的意思, 如:
The enemy assaulted us at dawn.
敌人在黎明时向我进攻。

(4)

charge 指"冲击"或"骑兵的突然攻击", 如:
The cavalry charged to the front.
骑兵猛烈向前线冲击。

(5)

beset 指"围攻", 即从各个方向攻击, 如:
In the swamp we were beset by mosquitoes.
在沼泽地里, 我们受到蚊子的围攻。
defend     resist    

用法词典

attack
源自法语 attaquer 攻击

参考词汇

(1)

attack,charge,assail,descend on,overtake这组动词都表示“袭击”或“进攻”。

(2)

attack 是常用词,可以表示任何意义上的“袭击”或“进攻”。
It immediately ran away when she saw it,and experts confirmed that a puma will not attack a human being unless it is cornered.
当她看到它时,它便跑开了。而且专家证实,美洲狮除非被逼到绝境,它是不攻击人的。

(3)

charge 表示向敌人或敌人的阵地进行猛烈攻击。
Apparently sensitive to criticism,the bull forgot all about the matador and charged at the drunk.
那公牛显然对批评话是敏感的,所以它把斗牛士全忘记了,向那醉汉冲了过去。

(4)

assail 所表示的“进攻”不仅猛烈,而且含有“接二连三的攻击”的意思,此外应注意:攻击者的胜利不取决于其实力或进攻的效果,而取决于攻击的坚持不懈和毅力。
I had no sooner got off the ship than I was assailed by a man who wanted to sell me a diamond ring.
我刚刚下了船,一个想卖给我钻石戒指的人便向我发动了进攻。

(5)

descend on 指捕食的鹰俯冲下来捕捉牺牲品,但它常常用于形象的比喻。
On the day before our departure,several bus loads of tourists descended on the town.
在我们离开那里的前一天,好几个公共汽车,满载着游客向这个城镇扑了过来。

(6)

overtake 的原义是“赶上或追上”,在表示袭击时,主语通常是“风暴、灾难、不幸的事情”等。在用作“袭击”时,与其原义有关系,汉语中也有“那时正赶上天下大乱”等类似的表达方式。
We know instinctively,just as beekeepers with their bees that misfortune might overtake us if the important events of our lives were not related to it.
我们本能地懂得,正如养蜂人对待蜜蜂一样,如果不把我们生活中的重大事件告诉这条河,我们就会遭到厄运的袭击。

英文相关词典

attack
assault    bombardment    charge    drive    offense    onslaught    push    raid    siege    defend    defense    guard    protect    protection    safeguard    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

attack
侵蚀

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

attack
循环;开始

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

attack
发作

[七国语言]英汉轻工业大词典

attack
腐蚀

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

attack
攻击袭击

[七国语言]英汉冶金大词典

attack
侵蚀

[七国语言]英汉医学大词典

attack
发作

英汉双解计算机词典

attack

攻击
The realization of a threat. How often a threat is realized depends on such factors as the location, type and value of information being processed. The fact that an attack is made does not necessarily mean that it will succeed. The degree of success depends on the vulnerability of the system and the effectiveness of existing countermeasures.
威胁的具体实现。威胁实现的频度取决于正在处理的信息的地点、类型及价值。发动 了攻击这一事实并不意味着它一定能成功。成功的程度取决于系统的弱点和现存的对策的 有效性。

美国传统词典

attack
at.tack
AHD:[…-t2k“]
D.J.[*6t#k]
K.K.[*6t#k]
v.
at.tacked, at.tack.ing, at.tacks
v.tr.

(1)

To set upon with violent force.

(2)

To criticize strongly or in a hostile manner.

(3)

To start work on with purpose and vigor:
attack a problem.

(4)

To begin to affect harmfully:
The disease had already attacked the central nervous system.
v.intr.
To make an attack; launch an assault:
The enemy attacked during the night.
n.

(1)

The act or an instance of attacking; an assault.

(2)

An expression of strong criticism; hostile comment:
vicious attacks in all the newspapers.

(3)

Sports

(4)

An offensive action in a sport or game.

(5)

The players executing such an action.

(6)

The initial movement in a task or undertaking:
made an optimistic attack on the pile of paperwork.

(7)

An episode or onset of a disease, especially an occurrence of a chronic disease:
an asthma attack.

(8)

The experience or beginning of a feeling, need, or desire:
an attack of hunger; an attack of melancholy.

(9)

Music The beginning or manner of beginning a piece, passage, or tone.

(10)

Decisiveness and clarity in artistic expression:
a careful performance, but one lacking the rigorous attack the work demands.

语源

(1)

French attaquer

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Old Italian *estaccare

(4)

[of Germanic origin]

继承用法

attacker
n.

参考词汇

(1)

attack, bombard, assail, storm, assault, beset

(2)

These verbs mean to set upon, physically or figuratively.

(3)

Attack applies to offensive action, physical or verbal, and especially to the onset of planned aggression:
The commandos attacked the outpost at dawn.
The governor was attacked by the press for failing to keep a campaign promise.

(4)

Bombard suggests showering with bombs or shells (
The fleet anchored in the bay and bombarded the town) or figuratively with words (
The television star was bombarded with invitations).

(5)

Assail implies repeated attacks:
an area assailed by enemy forces from both directions;
a novel assailed by critics;
a member of the jury assailed by doubts.

(6)

Storm refers to a sudden, sweeping attempt to achieve a victory:
Some of the rebels were killed in the act of storming the citadel.
“Yet, only a few months after triumphantly storming the country, [the President] is obliged to storm Capitol Hill, with greater difficulty and with less than complete success” (Economist).

(7)

Assault usually implies sudden, intense violence:
Muggers often assault their victims on dark streets.
Strobe lights assaulted my eyes.

(8)

Beset suggests beleaguerment from all sides by an enemy force or by adversity:
The fox was beset by hunters and hounds.
The city council is beset by problems.

[名词委审定]英汉计算机名词(第二版, 2002)

attack
攻击

英汉船舶大词典

attack
n.攻击,攻击型

英汉电力大词典

attack
n.浸蚀,腐蚀,冲击

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

attack
腐蚀;进攻,冲击

英汉地质大词典

attack
n.循环,溶蚀,锈蚀

英汉法学大词典

attack
v.打 ,打击,攻击,攻击

英汉广播大词典

attack
n.冲击

英汉航海大词典

attack
n.腐蚀

英汉环境大词典

attack
n.侵蚀,发病

英汉航空大词典

attack
n.突击

英汉化学大词典

attack
n.攻击,非难,侵蚀,迎角,开始工作;vt.攻击,侵袭,腐蚀,投入

英汉海运大词典

attack
腐蚀,侵袭,破坏化学浸蚀

基本词义

attack
攻击,化学侵蚀

基本词义

attack
化学浸蚀,腐蚀侵袭,破坏,攻击

基本词义

attack
腐蚀侵袭,破坏化学腐蚀

英汉经贸大词典

attack
n.腐蚀

英汉计算机大词典

attack
vt.攻击(侵袭,腐蚀;n.攻击(开始工作,迎角)

英汉机械大词典

attack
n.攻击,进攻

英汉建筑大词典

attack
n.浸蚀

英汉农牧林大词典

attack
n.发病,发作,害病,循环,溶蚀,锈蚀

英汉水利大词典

attack
n.冲击,侵袭,破坏

英汉贸易大词典

attack
腐蚀

英汉消防大词典

attack
①【消】进攻<用灭火力量向火灾发动猛烈的攻击>②【林】灭火

英汉心理学大词典

attack
发作

基本词义

attack
进攻

现代商务英汉大词典

attack
腐蚀

英汉冶金大词典

attack
n.冲击,攻击

英汉医学大词典

attack
n.发病,攻击

英汉中医大词典

attack
n.发作,侵袭,中...

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