简明英汉词典

atrophy
[5AtrEfi]
n.
[医]萎缩, 萎缩症

美国传统词典[双解]

atrophy
at.ro.phy
AHD:[2t“r…-f?]
D.J.[6#tr*fi8]
K.K.[6#tr*fi]
n.(名词)
【复数】 at.ro.phies

(1)

Pathology A wasting or decrease in size of a bodily organ, tissue, or part owing to disease, injury, or lack of use:
【病理学】 萎缩:因疾病、受伤或缺乏使用而导致身体器官、组织或部位的废弃或体积缩小:
muscular atrophy of a person affected with paralysis.
因麻痹而导致人体肌肉萎缩

(2)

A wasting away, deterioration, or diminution:
衰退:废弃,退化或减少:
intellectual atrophy.
智力衰退
v.(动词)
at.ro.phiedat.ro.phy.ingat.ro.phies
v.tr.(及物动词)
To cause to wither or deteriorate; affect with atrophy.
使萎缩,使衰退:使凋谢或退化;患萎缩
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To waste away; wither or deteriorate.
萎缩,衰退:废弃;凋谢或退化

语源

(1)

Late Latin atrophia
后期拉丁语 atrophia

(2)

from Greek
源自 希腊语

(3)

from atrophos [ill-nourished]
源自 atrophos [营养不良的]

(4)

a- [without] * see a- 1
a- [没,没有] *参见 a-1

(5)

troph?} [food]
troph?} [食物]

继承用法

atrophic
AHD:[3-tr?f“1k] (形容词)

现代英汉词典

atrophy
[5AtrEfI]
vi., vt.
-phied, -phying

(1)

枯萎;萎缩

(2)

衰退;结束

现代英汉综合大辞典

atrophy
[5AtrEfi]
n.

(1)

【医】萎缩症, 虚脱

(2)

【生】衰退, 退化

词性变化

atrophy
[5AtrEfi]
vt., vi.

(1)

(使)萎缩; 衰退

(2)

(使)虚脱

特殊用法

acute yellow atrophy
急性黄色萎缩

adipose atrophy
脂肪萎缩

alveolar atrophy
牙槽萎缩

Aran-Duchenne muscular atrophy
阿-杜二氏肌萎缩

arthritic atrophy
关节周肌萎缩

bone atrophy
骨萎缩

Buchwald's atrophy
进行性皮萎缩

cardiac atrophy
心(脏)萎缩

Charcot-Marie-Tooth atrophy
夏-马-图三氏肌萎缩, 进行性神经肌萎缩

chronic spinal muscular atrophy
慢性脊髓性肌萎缩

compensatory atrophy
代偿性萎缩

compression atrophy
压迫性萎缩

convolutional atrophy
脑回[脑叶]萎缩

correlated atrophy
关连性萎缩

Cruveilhier's atrophy
克律韦利埃氏萎缩, 进行性肌萎缩

degenerative atrophy
变性萎缩

denervated muscle atrophy
失神经性肌萎缩

diffuse atrophy
弥漫性萎缩

disuse atrophy
废用性萎缩

eccentric atrophy
偏心性萎缩

exhaustion atrophy
衰竭性萎缩

facial atrophy
面萎缩

facioscapulohumeral atrophy
面肩臂萎缩

familial spinal muscular atrophy
家族脊髓性肌萎缩

fatty atrophy
脂性萎缩

functional atrophy
机能性萎缩

general atrophy
全身萎缩

gingival marginal atrophy
龈缘萎缩

gray atrophy
灰色萎缩(视神经盘)

halisteretic atrophy
软化性萎缩

hemifacial atrophy
一侧面萎缩

Hoffmann's atrophy
霍夫曼氏萎缩, 肢体远端进行性肌萎缩

Hunt's atrophy
亨特氏(肌)萎缩(神经性手部小肌萎缩)

hypoglossal atrophy
舌下神经性舌萎缩

idiopathic muscular atrophy
特发性肌萎缩

inanition atrophy
饥饿性萎缩

infantile atrophy
婴儿萎缩(症), 消瘦

insulin atrophy
胰岛素性萎缩

interstitial atrophy
间质性萎缩

ischemic muscular atrophy
肌肉萎缩, 肌缺血性萎缩

juvenile muscular atrophy
幼年型肌萎缩

Kienbock's atrophy
金伯克氏骨萎缩

lactation atrophy
哺乳期子宫萎缩

leaping atrophy
手肩型肌萎缩

Leber's optic atrophy
利伯氏视神经萎缩

lobar atrophy
脑叶萎缩

macular atrophy
斑状萎缩

myelopathic muscular atrophy
脊髓病性肌萎缩

myopathic atrophy
肌病性萎缩

myotonic atrophy
肌强直性萎缩

neurotic atrophy
神经性肌萎缩

numeric atrophy
数减性萎缩

optic atrophy
视神经萎缩

pathologic atrophy
病理性萎缩

periodontal atrophy
牙周萎缩

physiological atrophy
生理性萎缩

pigmentary atrophy
色素性萎缩

presenile atrophy
老年前期萎缩

pressure atrophy
压迫性萎缩

progressive unilateral facial atrophy
进行性偏侧面萎缩

pseudohypertrophic muscular atrophy
假肥大性肌萎缩[肌营养不良]

pulp atrophy
牙髓萎缩

red atrophy
红色萎缩(肝)

reflex bone atrophy
反射性骨萎缩

reversionary atrophy
退行发育, 间变

rheumatic atrophy
风湿性肌萎缩

senile atrophy
老年萎缩

serous atrophy
浆液性萎缩

spinoneural atrophy
脊髓神经性肌萎缩, 变性萎缩

Sudeck's atrophy
祖德克氏萎缩(外伤性骨萎缩)

sympathetic atrophy
交感性萎缩

syphilitic spinal muscular atrophy
梅毒性脊髓病性肌萎缩

toxic atrophy
中毒性萎缩

trophoneurotic atrophy
营养神经(病)性萎缩

von Leber's atrophy
利伯氏病(家族遗传性球后视神经炎)

Vulpian's atrophy
伍耳皮安氏[肩肱型肌]萎缩

atrophy of kidney, granular
肾颗粒状萎缩

atrophy of the liver, cyanotic
肝绀色[青紫色]萎缩

atrophy of the newborn, Parrot's
帕罗特氏新生儿萎缩, 原发性婴儿萎缩

atrophy of the retina
视网膜萎缩

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

atrophy
萎缩

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

atrophy
萎缩

[七国语言]英汉医学大词典

atrophy
萎缩

美国传统词典

atrophy
at.ro.phy
AHD:[2t“r…-f?]
D.J.[6#tr*fi8]
K.K.[6#tr*fi]
n.
pl. at.ro.phies

(1)

Pathology A wasting or decrease in size of a bodily organ, tissue, or part owing to disease, injury, or lack of use:
muscular atrophy of a person affected with paralysis.

(2)

A wasting away, deterioration, or diminution:
intellectual atrophy.
v.
at.ro.phied, at.ro.phy.ing, at.ro.phies
v.tr.
To cause to wither or deteriorate; affect with atrophy.
v.intr.
To waste away; wither or deteriorate.

语源

(1)

Late Latin atrophia

(2)

from Greek

(3)

from atrophos [ill-nourished]

(4)

a- [without] * see a- 1

(5)

troph?} [food]

继承用法

atrophic
AHD:[3-tr?f“1k] adj.

[名词委审定]英汉昆虫学名词(2000)

atrophy

(1)

萎缩症

(2)

萎縮症

[名词委审定]英汉医学名词(三, 遗传学等, 1994)

atrophy
萎缩

[名词委审定]英汉医学名词(六, 外科, 1997)

atrophy
萎缩

[名词委审定]英汉医学名词(七, 整形、美容、皮肤、康复)

atrophy
萎缩

英汉地质大词典

atrophy
n.萎缩,减缩

英汉纺织大词典

atrophy
n.萎毛

英汉环境大词典

atrophy
n.萎缩

英汉化学大词典

atrophy
n.退化,萎缩,失去,萎缩

英汉计算机大词典

atrophy
n.退化(萎缩,失去)

英汉建筑大词典

atrophy
n.退化,萎缩

英汉农牧林大词典

atrophy
n.减缩现象,萎缩,生长停止,萎缩,减缩

英汉能源大词典

atrophy
n.退化,萎缩,失去

英汉水利大词典

atrophy
n.萎缩,衰退,退化

英汉消防大词典

atrophy
萎缩(症)

英汉心理学大词典

atrophy
萎缩

英汉医学大词典

atrophy
n.饥饿性萎缩,萎缩

英汉中医大词典

atrophy
n.萎缩,虚脱,衰退

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