简明英汉词典

ask
[B:sk]
vi.
询问, 问, 要求
vt.
问, 要求, 需要, 邀请

美国传统词典[双解]

ask
ask
AHD:[2sk]
D.J.[#sk]
K.K.[#sk]
v.(动词)
askedask.ingasks
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To put a question to.
询问

(2)

To seek an answer to:
对…提问:
ask a question.
问问题

(3)

To seek information about:
问有关…的情况:
asked directions.
问方向

(4)

To make a request of or for:
要求,索求:
asked me for money; asking a favor.
向我要钱;恳求帮忙

(5)

To require or call for as a price or condition:
索价,要求获得:索取或要求,如为一价格或情况:
asked ten dollars for the book.
这本书要十美元

(6)

To expect or demand:
期待,要求:
ask too much of a child.
过分要求孩子

(7)

To invite:
邀请:
asked them to dinner.
请他们吃饭

(8)

Archaic To publish, as marriage banns.
【古语】 公布,如婚事预告
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To make inquiry; seek information.
询求;询问…的信息

(2)

To make a request:
请求:
asked for help.
请求帮忙

习惯用语

ask for it或

ask for trouble 【非正式用语】
To persist in an action despite the likelihood that it will result in difficulty or punishment.
自讨苦吃,自找麻烦:坚持某一行为,尽管这一行动将可能导致困境或惩罚

语源

(1)

Middle English asken
中古英语 asken

(2)

from Old English 3n * see ais-
源自 古英语 3n *参见 ais-

参考词汇

(1)

askquestioninquirequeryinterrogateexaminequiz

(2)

These verbs mean to seek information from a person.
这些动词都意指向某人打听消息。

(3)

Ask is the most neutral term:
Ask 是最中性的词:
asked her what was wrong;
问她出什么事了;
asked the way to the library;
问去图书馆的路;
ask too many questions.
问太多的问题。

(4)

Question often implies the asking of a series of questions, as in determining the scope of a problem:
Question 常含有问一系问题的意思,如在一限定的有余地的问题上:
The prosecutor questioned the witness in great detail.
起诉人详细询问证人。

(5)

Inquire, which often implies a comprehensive search for knowledge or truth, in this sense refers to a simple request for information:
Inquire 通常含有对知识或真理进行全面探索的意思,在这个意义上,它指对某种情况简单咨询:
inquired where the books were kept;
询问这些书在哪里放着;
will inquire how we can be of help;
将询问我们怎样才能帮上忙;
inquired about her health.
询问她的健康情况。

(6)

Query usually suggests questioning to settle a doubt:
Query 常含有询问以解除疑团的意思:
The proofreader queried the spelling of the word.
校对员对这个词的拼写有疑问。

(7)

Interrogate, a more formal word, applies especially to official questioning:
Interrogate 是一个比较正式的词,尤指正式的提问:
The suspects were called in and interrogated by detectives.
嫌疑犯被叫了进来,侦探对他们进行审问。

(8)

Examine refers particularly to close and detailed questioning to ascertain the extent of a person's knowledge or the adequacy of his or her qualifications:
Examine 尤指细微和详细的提问以确认某人的知识范围或他或她的资格是否符合:
At the end of the semester students are examined in every subject.
学期末学生们的每门课都举行了考试。
Only lawyers who have been examined and certified by the bar association are admitted to practice.
只有通过律师协会考试并获得证书的律师才能开业。

(9)

Quiz is used most frequently to denote the informal examination of students to verify their comprehension of classwork or reading:
Quiz 最常用来指对学生的非正式考试以证实他们对听课内容和阅读的理解情况:
The teacher quizzed the pupils on the multiplication tables.
老师测试了学生们对乘法表的掌握。

现代英汉词典

ask
[B:sk]
vt., vi.

(1)

问,询问
ask him a question
向他问个问题
"Who are you?" she asked.
“你是谁?”她问。
They asked me the time.
他们向我打听时间。

(2)

请求
ask her a favor
请他帮个忙
ask her for the money
向他要钱

(3)

要求;索(价)
He asked £5 for the book.
这本书他索价5英镑。

(4)

邀请

常用词组

ask after
问候(身体健康)

ask for
(= enquire after, inquire after)

(1)

要求;请求
ask for the tickets
找票(想得到票)

(2)

找(人)

ask for it
自讨苦吃;自找麻烦

现代英汉综合大辞典

ask
[B:sk]
vt.

(1)

问, 询问, 质问

(2)

请求, 祈求

(3)

邀请, 请, 约

(4)

讨(价)等

(5)

需要
ask the way
问路
ask sb. to a party
请某人赴会
ask her pardon
请求她的宽恕
You ask too high a price.
你要价太高了。
The matter asks hard work.
这件事需要付出辛勤劳动。

词性变化

ask
[B:sk]
vi.

(1)

要求, 请求

(2)

问, 询问, 打听

继承用法

asker
n.
请求者; 发问者; 乞丐

习惯用语

for the asking
一经索取免费赠送

if you ask me
我认为, 依我说

ask about
打听, 询问, 查询

ask after
问候, 探问

A-(me)another !
[口]问点新鲜的! 多此一举! 别傻气! 我怎么知道! (通常用于回答相熟的人无聊的提问)

ask around
到处打听

ask away
要求除去

ask back
反问

ask for

(1)

要; 请求, 征求

(2)

要(价)

(3)

ask for it

(1)

自找麻烦, 自找苦吃

(2)

(女人)勾引男人

ask of

(1)

要求, 期望

(2)

向...问(问题)

ask off
请假

ask out

(1)

[口]请去作客 , 邀请外出

(2)

[美]引退, 辞职, 告辞

ask sb. in [out, up, down]
请进[出去, 上楼, 下楼]

ask sb. round
请某人来家

参考词汇
ask     inquire     question    
都含有“问"、“询问"的意思。

(1)

ask 是最常用词, 指“为了了解某人或某事而提出问题, 请别人解答或向别人打听消息", 如:
Excuse me. May I ask you a question?
请原谅, 我可以问个问题吗? inquire 是较正式的书面用词, 含有“渴望知道某人或某事确实情况"的意思, 如:
He inquired your telephone number.
他打听你的电话号码。

(2)

question 指“对某事不断提出问题, 以便了解详细情况", 如:
The suspect was questioned by the police.
嫌疑犯受到警察审问。

用法词典

ask
来自中古英语askien<古英语ascian<印欧语词干ais-希望,想要

参考词汇

(1)

ask,inquire这两个同义词的差别在于:ask是通用词,可以表示一般的询问,而inquire表示“打听”。此外ask没有inquire那么正式。
He asked if Mr Gilbert's operation had been successful.
他问吉尔伯特先生的手术是否成功。
Then Dr Millington asked the caller if he was a relative of the patient.
后来米灵顿医生问那位打电话的人他是否是病人的亲属。
When the doctor answered the phone, Mr gilbert said he was inquiring about a certain patient, a Mr gilbert.
当医生接电话时,吉尔伯特先生说,他是在打听一位叫吉尔伯特先生的病人。

(2)

ask,request这两个词都能表示“要求”,ask含有期望给以回答或作出反应的意思。当你觉得所要求的东西会得到时,或者不可能被拒绝时,最好用ask。而request则比ask正式得多,当你觉得所要求的东西不会得到时,或者有可能被拒绝时,最好用request, 因此这个词可以表示谦逊或者客气。此外,request可以用作名词,也可以用作动词
The following day, the patient asked for a bedside telephone.
第二天,那位病人要求安装一个床头电话。
Last week at a dinner-party, the hostess asked me to sit next to Mrs Rumbold.
上星期在一次宴会上,女主人要我坐在兰姆伯尔德夫人的旁边。
Though she hesitated for a moment, she finally went in and asked to see a dress that was in the windows.
虽然他迟疑了一会儿,但是他终于走了进去,并且要求看一看摆在橱窗里的一件衣裙。
If you receive a request like this, you cannot fail to obey it.
如果你接到一种象这样的请求,你不可能不服从。
Captain Fawcett has just refused a strange request from a businessman.
福赛特机长才拒绝了一位商人的奇怪的请求。

英文相关词典

ask
find out    inquire    question    request    answer    reply    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

ask
请求;询问

美国传统词典

ask
ask
AHD:[2sk]
D.J.[#sk]
K.K.[#sk]
v.
asked, ask.ing, asks
v.tr.

(1)

To put a question to.

(2)

To seek an answer to:
ask a question.

(3)

To seek information about:
asked directions.

(4)

To make a request of or for:
asked me for money; asking a favor.

(5)

To require or call for as a price or condition:
asked ten dollars for the book.

(6)

To expect or demand:
ask too much of a child.

(7)

To invite:
asked them to dinner.

(8)

Archaic To publish, as marriage banns.
v.intr.

(1)

To make inquiry; seek information.

(2)

To make a request:
asked for help.

习惯用语

ask for itor

ask for trouble Informal
To persist in an action despite the likelihood that it will result in difficulty or punishment.

语源

(1)

Middle English asken

(2)

from Old English 3n * see ais-

参考词汇

(1)

ask, question, inquire, query, interrogate, examine, quiz

(2)

These verbs mean to seek information from a person.

(3)

Ask is the most neutral term:
asked her what was wrong;
asked the way to the library;
ask too many questions.

(4)

Question often implies the asking of a series of questions, as in determining the scope of a problem:
The prosecutor questioned the witness in great detail.

(5)

Inquire, which often implies a comprehensive search for knowledge or truth, in this sense refers to a simple request for information:
inquired where the books were kept;
will inquire how we can be of help;
inquired about her health.

(6)

Query usually suggests questioning to settle a doubt:
The proofreader queried the spelling of the word.

(7)

Interrogate, a more formal word, applies especially to official questioning:
The suspects were called in and interrogated by detectives.

(8)

Examine refers particularly to close and detailed questioning to ascertain the extent of a person's knowledge or the adequacy of his or her qualifications:
At the end of the semester students are examined in every subject.
Only lawyers who have been examined and certified by the bar association are admitted to practice.

(9)

Quiz is used most frequently to denote the informal examination of students to verify their comprehension of classwork or reading:
The teacher quizzed the pupils on the multiplication tables.

英汉船舶大词典

ask
n.请求,询问

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

ask
问,询问;= Amplitude Shift Keying,振幅移位键控法; = Analog Select Keyboard, 模拟选择键盘; = Applications Software Kit (DEC), 成套应用软件(数据设备公司)

英汉地质大词典

ask
n.自动定位

英汉法学大词典

ask
v.请求 ,要求,问

英汉航空大词典

ask
n.部,询问

英汉化学大词典

ask
vt.问,询问,要求

英汉计算机大词典

ask
vt.问(询问,要求

英汉能源大词典

ask
n.自动定位

航空英语缩写词典

ASK
Available Seat Kilometers 可用里程数

基本词义

ASK
Available Seat-Kilometre 可用座公里

英汉水利大词典

ask
n.问,要求,请求

英汉心理学大词典

ask
询问

英汉中医大词典

ask
n.要求,请求,问

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