简明英汉词典

arch
[B:tF]
n.
拱门, 弓形结构, 拱形
v.
(使)弯成弓形
adj.
主要

美国传统词典[双解]

arch
arch 1
AHD:[?rch]
D.J.[$8t.]
K.K.[$t.]
n.(名词)

(1)

A structure, especially one of masonry, forming the curved, pointed, or flat upper edge of an open space and supporting the weight above it, as in a bridge or doorway.
拱形结构:一种石造建筑结构,构成开放空间的弯曲的、有尖顶的或平坦的上边缘,支撑其上重量,如在桥或门上的

(2)

A structure, such as a freestanding monument, shaped like an inverted U.
拱:一种结构,如独撑的纪念碑,形如倒置的U

(3)

A curve with the ends down and the middle up:
拱形线:两端在下中间在上的曲线:
the arch of a raised eyebrow.
呈拱形的扬起的眉毛

(4)

Anatomy An organ or structure having a curved or bowlike appearance, especially either of two arched sections of the bony structure of the foot.
【解剖学】 足弓,齿弓:具有弯曲的或弓状外形的器官或结构,尤指脚的骨架结构的两个弓形部分之一
v.(动词)
archedarch.ingarch.es
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To provide with an arch:
用拱状物提供:
arch a passageway.
为走廊加拱顶

(2)

To cause to form an arch or similar curve.
使成拱形:使形成拱或类似曲线

(3)

To bend backward:
向后弯:
The dancers alternately arched and hunched their backs.
舞蹈者交替地将背向后弯和弓起

(4)

To span:
跨过:
“the rude bridge that arched the flood”(Ralph Waldo Emerson)
“架于洪水上的便桥”(拉尔夫·沃尔多·埃默森)
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To form an arch or archlike curve:
形成拱:形成拱或拱状曲线:
The high fly ball arched toward the stands.
高高飞起的球成弧形飞向看台

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French arche
源自 古法语 arche

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *arca
源自 俗拉丁语 *arca

(4)

from Latin arcus
源自 拉丁语 arcus

基本词义

arch
arch 2
AHD:[?rch]
D.J.[$8t.]
K.K.[$t.]
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Chief; principal:
主要的;首要的:
their arch foe.
他们主要的对手

(2)

Mischievous; roguish:
调皮的;嬉戏的:
an arch glance.
调皮的一瞥

语源
From arch- 1
源自 arch-1

继承用法

archly
adv.(副词)

archness
n.(名词)

现代英汉词典

arch 1
[B:tF]
n.

(1)

(2)

脚弓

词性变化

arch
vt., vi.
使弯成拱,使成拱形

基本词义

arch 2
[B:tF]
adj.
调皮的; 撒娇的
an arch smile
调皮的微笑

现代英汉综合大辞典

arch
[B:tF]
n.

(1)

【建】拱门

(2)

弓状曲线; 半圆形

(3)

拱形物, 弓状物

(4)

桥洞[孔]; 电炉盖
an arch bridge
拱桥
anarch roof
拱形屋顶
arch of triumph(
=a triumphal arch)凯旋门
thearch of the heavens
苍穹
The Court of Arches
(坎特伯雷的)宗教裁判上诉院

词性变化

arch
[B:tF]
vt.

(1)

弯曲; 作(成)拱

(2)

使弯成弓形

(3)

拱起

(4)

用拱连接; 用拱覆盖
A bridge arches a river.
一座桥横跨在河上。
The cat arches its back when it sees the dog.
猫看到狗, 便把背拱起。

arch
[B:tF]
vi.

(1)

成为弓形

(2)

作(成)拱

(3)

弓着
A bright rainbow arched above after the rain.
雨后彩虹在天上形成弓状。

习惯用语

arch over
拱悬于...之上; 把...拱盖起来

特殊用法

active arch
主动拱

acute arch
尖拱

anchored steel arch
锚固钢拱

angular arch
梭角拱(拱边不是弧形, 而是几根直线形成一定的角度)

antitwilight arch
【气】反曙[暮]光弧

aortic arch
【解】主动脉弓

axed arch
斧拱

back arch
八字砖, 盖板砖

back front
八字砖, 盖板砖

balance arch
平衡拱

barrel arch
筒(形)拱

basket-handle arch
提篮柄式拱

bell arch
钟状拱

blank arch
轻拱, 假拱

bonded arch
咬合拱

boomerang arch
木三铰拱, 木三铰杠架

bowstring arch
弓弦式拱

braced arch
桁拱

braced -rib arch
桁肋拱

braced steel arch
加固的钢拱架

branchial arch
鳃弓

brick arch
砖拱

bright segment crepuscular arch
【地物】亮拱

bull's-eye arch
牛眼形拱, 圆拱

calcar arch
熔(玻璃)炉顶

camber arch
弯拱

cantilever arch
悬臂拱

Carnarvon arch
卡那文式拱

catenarian arch
链状拱(形如倒悬的链)

catenary arch
反垂曲线形拱

caterpillar logging arch
超长货物用的履带式拱钩; 履带式拱形车

cavern arch
洞室拱圈

centre arch
中心拱

checker chamber arch
蓄热室拱顶

commissural arch
【植】联合环

common arch
粗拱

circular arch
圆拱

composite arch
尖拱, 混合式拱

concentric arch
同心拱

concrete arch
混凝土拱

cooling arch
(玻璃退火炉中)冷却拱顶

corbel arch
突拱

Corti's arch
柯替氏弓, 螺旋柱弓

coutain arch
间壁拱

coved arch
大弧拱

cuneatic arch
楔形拱

cusped arch
尖拱

cycloidal arch
圆滚线拱

deep palmar arch
【解】掌深弓

deep volar arch
【解】掌深弓

dental arch
【解】齿弓

depressed arch
平卧拱, 低圆拱(拱顶展平, 多见于14-16世纪英国哥特式建筑)

dial arch
弧形表盘

diminished arch
平圆拱

discharging arch
减重拱(置于石、木楣之上以减轻楣的负荷)

discharging relieving arch
减重拱(置于石、木楣之上以减轻楣的负荷)

double-hinged arch
双铰拱

drop arch
垂拱

dumb arch
假拱

elliptic arch
椭圆形拱

elliptical pointed arch
椭圆尖头拱

epiphyseal arch
脑上体弓

equilateral arch
等角拱

end arch
端拱

extradossed arch
楔形拱(由碎石拼成, 其拱背线和拱腹线同心圆的弓形而定)

face arch
前拱

fairway arch
通航拱

false arch
假拱

Florentine arch
弗罗伦廷式拱

fluing arch
斜面拱, 喇叭形拱

foil arch
有叶状饰物的拱门(窗); 由几个较小的拱形组成的拱门(窗)

four-centred arch
四心拱

four-hinged arch
四铰拱

frame arch
构架拱

frilled arch
纹形拱

front arch
(前)八字砖, 盖板砖

full arch
全拱

full-centre arch
半圆拱

furnace arch
炉顶

gas slag arch
煤气沉渣室拱顶(平炉)

gauged arch
规准砖拱

groined arch
穹棱拱

Gothic arch
尖端拱门

ground arch
土体拱线, 地层拱

haemal arch
脉弓

half-through arch
穿式拱

hance arch
平圆拱, 三心拱

hanging arch
吊拱, 悬拱(炉顶), 悬顶

hyoid arch
【胚】舌弓

hypocotyl arch
下胚轴拱

hyster arch
(超长货物用的)履带式拱钩

ignition arch
炉栅支承拱

interlacing arch
交叉拱门

inverted arch
倒拱, 仰拱

jack arch
平拱

laminated arch
层积拱梁

lenticular arch
双叶拱

mosque arch
马蹄拱

multicenter arch
多心拱

neural arch
神经弓, 髓弓

ogival arch
尖拱

parabolic arch
抛物线拱

plain arch
粗拱

rainbow arch
虹式拱

right arch
正拱

ring arch
环拱

round arch
半圆拱

scheme arch
平弧拱

side bearing arch
中摇枕(三轴转向架)

superficial palmar arch
【解】掌浅弓

transverse arch
横拱

twilight arch
【地物】亮拱, 曙[暮]弧

umbrella arch
隧道护拱

visceral arch
【解】鳃弓

arch of the throw
投篮抛物线

用法词典

arch
来自古法语arche<拉丁语arcus拱

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

arch
背斜, 拱顶, 穹隆

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

arch

[七国语言]英汉机械工程大词典

arch

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

arch

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

arch

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

arch
弓, 弧

[七国语言]英汉数学大词典

arch
拱形, 弓形

[七国语言]英汉冶金大词典

arch
拱, 炉盖

美国传统词典

arch
arch 1
AHD:[?rch]
D.J.[$8t.]
K.K.[$t.]
n.

(1)

A structure, especially one of masonry, forming the curved, pointed, or flat upper edge of an open space and supporting the weight above it, as in a bridge or doorway.

(2)

A structure, such as a freestanding monument, shaped like an inverted U.

(3)

A curve with the ends down and the middle up:
the arch of a raised eyebrow.

(4)

Anatomy An organ or structure having a curved or bowlike appearance, especially either of two arched sections of the bony structure of the foot.
v.
arched, arch.ing, arch.es
v.tr.

(1)

To provide with an arch:
arch a passageway.

(2)

To cause to form an arch or similar curve.

(3)

To bend backward:
The dancers alternately arched and hunched their backs.

(4)

To span:
“the rude bridge that arched the flood”(Ralph Waldo Emerson)
v.intr.
To form an arch or archlike curve:
The high fly ball arched toward the stands.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French arche

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *arca

(4)

from Latin arcus

基本词义

arch
arch 2
AHD:[?rch]
D.J.[$8t.]
K.K.[$t.]
adj.

(1)

Chief; principal:
their arch foe.

(2)

Mischievous; roguish:
an arch glance.

语源
From arch- 1

继承用法

archly
adv.

archness
n.

[名词委审定]英汉电工名词(1998)

arch
炉拱

[名词委审定]英汉公路科技名词(1997)

arch

[名词委审定]英汉力学名词(1993)

arch

[名词委审定]英汉煤炭科技名词(定义版, 1996)

arch

(1)

拱碹

(2)

简称“拱”、“碹”。用砖、石、混凝土或钢筋混凝土等建筑材料构筑的整体式弧形支架。

[名词委审定]英汉水利科技名词(定义版, 1997)

arch

(1)

(2)

主要承受轴向压力并由两端推力维持平衡的曲线或折线形构件。

[名词委审定]英汉铁道科技名词(1997)

arch
[隧道]拱圈

[名词委审定]英汉医学名词(三, 遗传学等, 1994)

arch
弓形纹

英汉船舶大词典

arch
n.拱,拱起;n.弯成弓形

英汉电力大词典

arch
n.拱,拱形物

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

arch
拱,拱门;= ARticulated Computing Hierarchy,分级[节]计算层次

英汉电信大词典

arch
n.拱,半圆形

英汉地质大词典

arch
n.背斜,穹窿,拱顶;n.群岛

英汉法学大词典

arch
n.弓型纹

英汉纺织大词典

arch
n.拱架,梳理机锡林墙板,织机上横梁

英汉航海大词典

arch
n.弯成弓形

英汉航空大词典

arch
n.拱;n.拱,拱门

英汉化学大词典

arch
n.拱,建筑学,背斜,电炉盖;vt.用拱连接,形成拱堆

英汉海运大词典

arch
船尾框顶部弓形,拱,弓状物,弓形结构(海边)拱洞为首的,主要的,总的

基本词义

arch
弓形,拱弓状物(海边)拱洞

基本词义

arch
拱,弓形,弓形结构船尾框顶部

基本词义

arch
为首的,主要的,总的

基本词义

arch
拱,弓形,弓形结构船尾框顶部(海边)拱洞

英汉计算机大词典

arch
n.拱(电炉盖,背斜;vt.用拱连接(形成拱堆)

英汉机械大词典

arch
n.建筑学

英汉建筑大词典

arch
n.弓架结构,弓形,半圆形,背斜,穹窿,拱顶

英汉农牧林大词典

arch
n.弓形,半圆形,弓,群岛;n.记录,档案,文件

英汉能源大词典

arch
n.建筑学

英汉水利大词典

arch
n.拱,弓架结构,背斜

英汉心理学大词典

arch
criminal:罪魁祸首

英汉冶金大词典

arch
n.拱,拱顶

英汉医学大词典

arch
n.弓,牙弓

英汉中医大词典

arch
n.弓形,半圆,弓状形

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