简明英汉词典

any
[5eni]
adj.
任何的, 任何一种, 所有的
pron.
无论那一个, 任何

美国传统词典[双解]

any
an.y
AHD:[μn“?]
D.J.[6eni8]
K.K.[6Wni]
adj.(形容词)

(1)

One, some, every, or all without specification:
任何的:一个、一些、每一个或所有无具体指明的:
Take any book you want. Are there any messages for me? Any child would love that. Give me any food you don't want.
任挑一本你要的书。有带给我的任何消息吗?每个孩子都会喜欢它的。给我你不喜欢的任何食物

(2)

Exceeding normal limits, as in size or duration:
任何,再:超过常规界线的,如在规模上或持续时间上:
The patient cannot endure chemotherapy for any length of time.
病人对于化疗一会儿也不能忍受
pron.(used with a sing. or pl. verb)(代词)(与单数或复数动词连用)
Any one or more persons, things, or quantities.
任一:一个或一些人、事物或数量
adv.(副词)
To any degree or extent; at all:
全然:到任何程度或长度;全然:
didn't feel any better.
丝毫没感觉好起来

语源

(1)

Middle English ani
中古英语 ani

(2)

from Old English ?g * see oi-no-
源自 古英语 ?g *参见 oi-no-

用法

(1)

Used as a pronoun, any can take either a singular or plural verb, depending on how it is construed: Any of these books is suitable (that is, any one ). But are any (that is, some ) of them available? · The construction of any is often used in informal contexts to mean “of all,” as in He is the best known of any living playwright. In an earlier survey this example was unacceptable in writing to 67 percent of the Usage Panel. · Any is also used to mean “at all” before a comparative adjective or adverb in questions and negative sentences:
用作介词的any 既可接单数动词又可接复数动词, 这取决于怎样翻译:Any of these books is suitable?(这些书的任一本都合适) (这里是指 any one(任何一本) )。 But are any(但是他们中) (意指 some(任何一些) ) of them available(任何一些都合适吗)? of any(任一的) 这个结构经常用于非正式语境中来表示“所有的”的意思, 如在句子他是在世剧作家中最著名的一位。 在早期的调查中67%的用法使用小组成员,认为这个例子作为书面语不能被接受。Any 也用于比较级形容词或副词前表示“全然,压根儿”,这一用法适用于疑问句和否定句中:
Is she any better?
她好点了吗?
Is he doing any better?
他做得好些了吗?
He is not any friendlier than before.
他一点也不比从前友好。

(2)

This usage is entirely acceptable. The related use of any to modify a verb is considered informal. In writing, one should avoid sentences like It didn't hurt any or If the child cries any, give her the bottle. See Usage Note at every, he 1
这种用法完全可以被接受。相关联的用法,即用any 来修饰动词则被认为是非正式的。 在书面语中,应该避免这样的句子It didn't hurt any.(他一点儿也没受伤) 或 If the child cries any, give her the bottle.(如果孩子再哭,就给她奶瓶。) 参见 everyhe1

现代英汉词典

any
[5enI]
adj., pron.

(1)

什么;无论哪一个
You can buy sugar at any big store.
你可以在任何大商店里买到糖。

(2)

根本没有
I haven't any money.
我一点儿钱也没有。

(3)

(用于否定句)任何一种
This isn't any ordinary fish.
这不是一种普通的鱼。

(4)

最少的;最低限度的
It isn't any use.
一点用也没有。

(5)

任何一个;无论什么
Any book will do.
什么书都可以。

(6)

一,一个
This room hasn't any chair.
这间房子里连把椅子都没有。

(7)

所有的;全部的
He will need any help he can get.
任何能得到的帮助他都需要。

习惯用语

in any case

(1)

无论如何
It's too late, in any case.
无论如何太晚了。
(= at any rate)

(2)

无数的
She has any number of things she must do today.
她今天有数不清的事要做。

词性变化

any
pron.

(1)

任何东西
I can't give you any.
我什么也不能给你。
You can buy sugar at any big store.
你可以在任何大商店里买到糖。

(2)

(用在问句或否定句中)任何数量
Are any of them yours?
有你们的一些吗?

any
adv.
略微;一点
Is she any better?
她好些了吗?

现代英汉综合大辞典

any
[5eni]
adj.

(1)

[用在疑问句, 否定句, 条件从句中, 代替 some, 一般不重读] 一些, 什么

(2)

[用于肯定句, 通常重读]任何, 无论什么

(3)

[有时意思较弱, 接近一个不定冠词, 与可数名词单数连用]什么
Have you any money with you?
你身上带钱了吗?
If you see any interesting book, please buy it for me.
你如果看见什么有趣的书, 请替我买一本。
I have two brothers, but not any sisters.
我有两个兄弟, 可没姐妹。

词性变化

any
[5eni]
pron.
无论哪一个, 任何, 无论多少; 一些, 一个
Any is better than none.
有点总比没有好。
Have any of you actually seen a UFO?
你们中间是不是有人确实看到过飞碟?
I don't like any of these books.
这些书我一本都不喜欢。
Please give me some gasoline if you have any.
如果你有汽油, 请给我一些。

any
[5eni]
adv.

(1)

[用在形容词或副词的比较级前表示程度]稍;...一些

(2)

[用于(be)any good]有什么用处
Is she any better?
她好些了吗?
Throw it away, it isn't any good.
把它扔掉吧, 一点用处也没有。

(3)

【说明】 any,some 以及它们的复合词皆可用于肯定或否定的疑问句中, 但二者的含义有细微区别。如: Does he know any English? 他懂英语吗? Does he know some English? 他懂得一点英语吗? 第一句是普通的询问, 问者的期望并不高, 仅想知道那个人能否懂得几个字, 几句话而已, 并准备接受全然否定的回答。第二句用了 some, 说话人的期望比第一句用 any要高一些, 希望得到一肯定的回答

习惯用语

hardly [scarcely] any
几乎没有, 极少

if any
若有的话

not...any
[美]一点也没有

not having any
[口][前接动词be]拒绝参加, 不干

of any
在所有的...当中

any and every
全部, 一起, 统统

any better
好一些

any longer
(不)再

any more

(1)

再, 更, 还

(2)

[美方]目前; 现在; 今后

any more than
较...多些

any old
[美口]随便什么...都, 任何一个...都

any old how

(1)

随随便便的, 马马虎虎的

(2)

不管怎样; 反正

any the better(worse) for
(丝毫没有)因...而更好(坏)一些

美国传统词典

any
an.y
AHD:[μn“?]
D.J.[6eni8]
K.K.[6Wni]
adj.

(1)

One, some, every, or all without specification:
Take any book you want. Are there any messages for me? Any child would love that. Give me any food you don't want.

(2)

Exceeding normal limits, as in size or duration:
The patient cannot endure chemotherapy for any length of time.
pron.(used with a sing. or pl. verb)
Any one or more persons, things, or quantities.
adv.
To any degree or extent; at all:
didn't feel any better.

语源

(1)

Middle English ani

(2)

from Old English ?g * see oi-no-

用法

(1)

Used as a pronoun, any can take either a singular or plural verb, depending on how it is construed: Any of these books is suitable (that is, any one ). But are any (that is, some ) of them available? · The construction of any is often used in informal contexts to mean “of all,” as in He is the best known of any living playwright. In an earlier survey this example was unacceptable in writing to 67 percent of the Usage Panel. · Any is also used to mean “at all” before a comparative adjective or adverb in questions and negative sentences:
Is she any better?
Is he doing any better?
He is not any friendlier than before.

(2)

This usage is entirely acceptable. The related use of any to modify a verb is considered informal. In writing, one should avoid sentences like It didn't hurt any or If the child cries any, give her the bottle. See Usage Note at every, he 1

英汉法学大词典

any
adj.任何

英汉化学大词典

any
adj.任何,什么,任一;pron.任何,什么,任一

英汉计算机大词典

any
adj.任何(什么,任一);pron.任何(什么,任一)

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