简明英汉词典

and what not
adv.
诸如此类, 等等

现代英汉词典

what
[wRt; (?@) hwBt]
adj., pron.

(1)

什么;多少;什么人
What time will you come?
你什么时候来?
Do you know what he called me?
你知道他把我叫做什么吗?
When I asked him what he was doing, he smiled guiltily and then put the parcel on the desk.
我问他正在做什么,他内疚地笑笑,然后把那个包放到书桌上。
'What has happened?' she asked.
`出什么事了?'她问道。
What are you doing?
你在做什么?
Most people know what a great scientist Edison became.
大多数人都知道爱迪生后来成了一个多么伟大的科学家。
We all know what the poor man should have said.
我们都知道那位可怜的人儿本来应该怎样说。
What the hell do you want?
你到底要什么?
I asked him what it was and he told me that it was Medusa, the Gorgon.
我问他那是什么,他告诉我那是蛇发女怪美杜莎。
They always tell you what a picture is 'about'.
他们总是跟你讲某张画的`意思'是什么。
What's the good of having a computer / What good is having a computer if you can't use it!
要是你不会使用计算机,有一台又有什么用?
What else did they say?
他们还说了些什么?
‘I got up at half past 6. ’ ‘What?’
“我六点半起床。”“什么?”

(2)

(表示关系)(所)…的
Everyone should do what he thinks right.
每个人都应该做自己认为是正确的事。
I believed what she told me.
我相信她和我说的话。

习惯用语

and what not
…什么的;等等

give sb. what for
处罚;责备

what have you
…一类的东西;等等
In his pocket I found a handkerchief, string, and what have you.
我在他的兜儿里找到手绢、线一类的东西。

what's what
事情的真相
to know what's what
明白事理

what it takes
成功的必要条件

what though
即使
What though the battle be lost? We can fight again!
即使打了败仗又怎么样,我们还可以再打。

词性变化

what
adv.
怎么
What cheer?
你感到怎样?
What do you care about it?
你怎么关心这个?

习惯用语

what with
(表示起因)因…和…
What with all this work and so little sleep at nights, I don't think I can go on much longer.
这些工作都要做,晚上睡得又少,我要顶不住了。

词性变化

what
adj.
(表示感叹)多么!真!
What a big house!
多么大的房子!
What pretty flowers!
多漂亮的花儿!
What awe weather!
天气糟透了!
What divine weather!
真是好天气!
What an exhausting day!
真是筋疲力尽的一天!
What a mess!
真是糟糕透了!

现代英汉综合大辞典

not
[nCt]
adv.

(1)

[用于助动词、情态动词之后, 形成否定的句子; 在口语中常简缩为n't, 如don't, can't]不, 未
He will not [won't]come.
他不能来。
I do not know (=[口]I don't know.=[古]I know not.)
我不知道。

(2)

[否定的句子、动词、短语等的省略代用语]不会, 不
Will it rain tomorrow? -I hope not.
明天会下雨吗? -我希望不会。
Is he coming? -Perhaps not.
他会来吗? -可能不会。
Is she angry? Not at all.
她生气了吗?-一点没有生气。
Right or not, it is a fact.
不管是对或错, 这是事实

(3)

[用于非谓语动词之前表示否定]不
Not knowing, I can't say.
我不知道, 所以说不出来。
You were wrong in not making a protest.
你错在没有提出抗议。
She told me not to see the film.
她告诉我别去看这部电影。

(4)

[用来加强代词的语气, 表示否定的意思](决)不会
He will never pay, not he.
他决不会付钱的, 决不会付的。
Will she come? -Not she.(=No, she won't.)
她会来吗? -她不会来。

(5)

[与 all, both, every和always 等词连用, 表示部分否定]并非, 并不是
All that glitters is not gold.
[谚]发光的东西未必都是黄金。
I don't know both of them.
我并非他们两个都认识。(只认识其中之一)
Not every student in this classroom is from China.
在这个教室里并非每个学生都是来自中国。
He is not always so sad.
他并不总是这样悲伤。

(6)

[在动词 think, suppose, believe, expect, fear, fancy, trust, hope, seem, appear等, 副词 perhaps, probably, absolutely 等和词组 be afraid 等的后面, 代表否定的从句]不会
- Can you come next week? --I'm afraid not.(= I'm afraid that I can not come.)
你下星期能来吗? --恐怕我不能来。

(7)

[用于委婉的表示方法中]
not a little
很多
not seldom
经常
not once or twice
多次

习惯用语

and what not
诸如此类

if not
不然的话, 否则

not all that
不那么...(地)

not at all

(1)

别客气

(2)

根本不

not ...but...
不是...而是

not but what[that]
[古]虽, 但

not only ... but also
不仅 ...而且 ...

not so
不是那样

not that ...
并不是

not that ... but that ...
不是(因为)...而是(因为) ...

not with it
[美俚]局外人

英汉航海大词典

and what not
adv.等等,诸如此类

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