简明英汉词典

and so forth
等等

美国传统词典[双解]

so
so 1
AHD:[s?]
D.J.[sou]
K.K.[so]
adv.(副词)

(1)

In the condition or manner expressed or indicated; thus:
这样:以表达出来的或显示的条件或方式;这样:
Hold the brush so.
这样拿着扫把

(2)

To the amount or degree expressed or understood; to such an extent:
如此:达到表达出来的或被理解的程度或数量;到如此程度:
She was so weary that she fell.
她是如此的疲劳以致于倒下了

(3)

To a great extent; to such an evident degree:
如此的:到很大的程度;到如此明显的程度:
But the idea is so obvious.
但这个主意是如此的明显

(4)

Because of the reason given; consequently:
因此:由于给出的原因;因此:
She was weary and so fell.
她累得倒下了

(5)

Afterward; then:
以后;然后:
to the gas station and so home.
去加油站,然后回家

(6)

In the same way; likewise:
同样:以同样的方式;一样地:
You were on time and so was I.
你很准时,我也一样

(7)

Apparently; well, then. Used in expressing astonishment, disapproval, or sarcasm:
似乎,那么:明显地;那么。用来表示惊讶、不同意或者嘲讽:
So you think you've got troubles?
那么你感到你有麻烦了?

(8)

In truth; indeed:
当真;确实:
“You aren't right.” “I am so!”
“你是不对的。”“我是对的!”
adj.(形容词)

(1)

True; factual:
真的;事实如此的:
I wouldn't have told you this if it weren't so.
如果事实不是如此的话,我就不会告诉你这件事了

(2)

In good order:
整齐的:
Everything on his desk must be exactly so.
他桌上的所有东西必须很整齐
conj.Usage Problem (连接词)【用法疑难】

(1)

With the result or consequence that:
因此:
He failed to appear, so we went on without him.
他没有出现,因此我们不管他继续走

(2)

In order that:
为了:
I stayed so I could see you.
我留下来以便能见到你
pron.(代词)
Such as has already been suggested or specified; the same:
这样:象早已指出或确定的那样的;同样的:
She became a loyal friend and remained so.
她成了一个忠诚的朋友,而且一直如此
interj.(感叹词)
Used to express surprise or comprehension:
用来表达惊讶或者领会:
So! You've finished your work at last.
哦!你终于完成了你的工作

习惯用语

and so on或

and so forth
And similarly; and continuing in a like manner.
等等:同样地;以同样的方式继续

so as to
In order to:
以便:
Mail your package early so as to ensure its timely arrival.
早点寄出你的包裹以便保证它能及时寄到

so that

(1)

In order that:
以便:
I stopped so that you could catch up.
我停下来以便你能赶上

(2)

With the result or consequence that.
因此,所以

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English sw3} * see swo-
源自 古英语 sw3} *参见 swo-

用法

(1)

Many critics and grammarians have insisted that so must be followed by that in formal writing when used to introduce a clause giving the reason for or purpose of an action:
很多批评家和语法学家都坚持认为:在正式的写作中,当用来引入一个表示动作的原因或目的的从句时,so 的后面必须跟有 that :
He stayed so that he could see the second feature.
他留了下来以便能看到第二部片子。

(2)

But this rule is best regarded as a stylistic preference; in such clauses that is frequently omitted even by reputable writers in formal contexts, as in They will have to double up so (or so that ) room can be found for the new arrivals. · Both so and so that are acceptably used to introduce clauses that state a result or consequence:
但是这条规则最好被认为是格式上的偏好。在这样的句子中,即使是很著名的作家也在正式的文章中经常省略that , 如在句子他们将不得不两个人睡一张床,以便 (或者 so that ) 新到的人能找到住房 。 So 和 so that 都可以被接受用来引入陈述一个结果或后果的从句:
The Bay Bridge was still closed, so (or so that ) the drive from San Francisco to the Berkeley campus took an hour and a half. ·
海湾大桥仍然关闭着,因此(或者 so that ) 从旧金山开到伯克利的校园用了一个半小时 。

(3)

So is frequently used in informal speech to string together the elements of a narrative. This practice should not be carried over into formal writing, where the absence of contextual information generally requires that connections be made more explicit. · Critics have sometimes objected to the use of so as an intensive meaning “to a great degree or extent,” as in We were so relieved to learn that the deadline had been extended. This usage is most common in informal contexts, perhaps because unlike the neutral very, it presumes that the listener or reader will be sympathetic with the speaker's evaluation of the situation. (Thus one would be more apt to say It was so unfair of them not to invite you than to say It was so fortunate that I didn't have to put up with your company. ) For just this reason, the construction may occasionally be used to good effect in more formal contexts to invite the reader to take the point of view of the speaker or subject:
在非正式的讲话中,so 经常被用来连接叙述的成分。 但是这种做法不能带入正式的写作当中,上下文信息的缺乏通常要求连接明确。批评家们有些时候对so 被用来表示强调的意思“很大程度”提出反对, 如在我们得知最后期限已被推迟的消息时感到了极大的放松 中。 这种用法在非正式的文章中最常用,也许是因为和中性的very 不同, 它假定听众或读者能对讲话者对形势的评价引起共鸣。(因此人们通常会说他们没有邀请你是多么不公平 , 而不是说多幸运啊,我不必再成为你的朋友 )。 正因为这个原因,这个结构有时在正式的文章中也有很好的作用,使读者接受说话人或主题的观点:
The request seemed to her to be quite reasonable;
这个要求对她来说比较合理;
it was so unfair of the manager to refuse.
经理拒绝真是太不公平了。

(4)

But in the absence of stylistic motive, this use of so should be reserved for familiar discourse. · New England speakers often use a negative form such as so didn't where other varieties would use the positive so did, as in Sophie ate all her strawberries and so didn't Amelia. Since this usage may confuse a speaker who has not previously encountered it, it is best avoided in writing.See Usage Note at as 1
但是在没有独树一帜的动机时,在相同的讲话中,so 应该少用。 新英格兰地区的人常使用如so didn't 这一否定形式, 而其他地区则用肯定的形式so did , 如在索菲吃了她所有的草莓,亚美利亚没有 中, 由于这种用法可能使以前没有接触过这种用法的人混淆,所以最好还是避免使用参见 as1

基本词义

so
so 2
AHD:[s?]
D.J.[sou]
K.K.[so]
n.Music (名词)【音乐】
Variant of sol 1
sol的变体1

现代英汉词典

and
[End, And]
conj.

(1)

和;及;并
Let's go and play basketball.
我们去打篮球吧。
Mathews and Tyler are singing and dancing.
马修斯和泰勒在唱歌跳舞。

(2)

然后; 接着又
She read for an hour and went to bed.
她读了一小时的书,然后就去睡了。

习惯用语

and so forth
等等

现代英汉综合大辞典

and
[And; End, nd]
conj.

(1)

[连接并列的名词、代词或数词]同, 和, 与, 如: Father and I went to Xinhua bookstore yesterday. 父亲和我昨天到新华书店去过。

(2)

[连接并列的形容词、副词]又, 而且
Read slowly and loudly.
读得既要慢些又要大点声音。

(3)

[口][连接并列的动词, 表示目的]
Try and shoot the bird.
开枪打那只鸟试试。

(4)

[连接两个并列句]而, 而且
I did not answer, and he, too, kept silent.
我没有回答, (而)他也不作声。

(5)

[连接两个句子, 后者表示结果]只要...就会; 那么
Go at once and you will see her.
马上去, 那么你就会见到她了。

(6)

[连接两个相同的词]反复, 一再
We talked and talked.
我们说呀, 说呀, 说个没完。

(7)

[表示转折]但, 却
He is so rich and lives like a beggar.
他非常有钱可是生活得象个乞丐。

(8)

[表示加重语气]而且
She did the work and she did it well.
她做了这件工作而且做得很好。

(9)

[用于句子开头以表示连续性或者表示惊异]
And as for us, we are fortunate.
可对我们来说, 我们是幸运的。
And are you really going with him?
嘿! 你真要和他一起走吗?

(10)

[表示同时]
We ate and drank to our full content.
我们尽情地连吃带喝饱餐了一顿。

(11)

[用在数词中, 连接十位和百位数等, 美国人有时省略不用]
one million, two hundred and forty-five thousand, three hundred and thirty-three (
=1, 245, 333)

词性变化

and
[And; End, nd]
n.

(1)

附加条件

(2)

[常用复]附带的细节
It was a long story with many ands.
这故事说来话长, 有许多细节。

习惯用语

and all
等等; 连...一齐都; [方]此外; 的确

and all that
如此等等

and as at that
而且

and as well
以及, 又

and how
[美]非常, 很

and now
那么

and so
所以

and so on
等等, 云云

and so forth
等等, 云云

and that
而且

and then
其次, 然后

and yet
然而, 但

美国传统词典

so
so 1
AHD:[s?]
D.J.[sou]
K.K.[so]
adv.

(1)

In the condition or manner expressed or indicated; thus:
Hold the brush so.

(2)

To the amount or degree expressed or understood; to such an extent:
She was so weary that she fell.

(3)

To a great extent; to such an evident degree:
But the idea is so obvious.

(4)

Because of the reason given; consequently:
She was weary and so fell.

(5)

Afterward; then:
to the gas station and so home.

(6)

In the same way; likewise:
You were on time and so was I.

(7)

Apparently; well, then. Used in expressing astonishment, disapproval, or sarcasm:
So you think you've got troubles?

(8)

In truth; indeed:
“You aren't right.” “I am so!”
adj.

(1)

True; factual:
I wouldn't have told you this if it weren't so.

(2)

In good order:
Everything on his desk must be exactly so.
conj.Usage Problem

(1)

With the result or consequence that:
He failed to appear, so we went on without him.

(2)

In order that:
I stayed so I could see you.
pron.
Such as has already been suggested or specified; the same:
She became a loyal friend and remained so.
interj.
Used to express surprise or comprehension:
So! You've finished your work at last.

习惯用语

and so onor

and so forth
And similarly; and continuing in a like manner.

so as to
In order to:
Mail your package early so as to ensure its timely arrival.

so that

(1)

In order that:
I stopped so that you could catch up.

(2)

With the result or consequence that.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English sw3} * see swo-

用法

(1)

Many critics and grammarians have insisted that so must be followed by that in formal writing when used to introduce a clause giving the reason for or purpose of an action:
He stayed so that he could see the second feature.

(2)

But this rule is best regarded as a stylistic preference; in such clauses that is frequently omitted even by reputable writers in formal contexts, as in They will have to double up so (or so that ) room can be found for the new arrivals. · Both so and so that are acceptably used to introduce clauses that state a result or consequence:
The Bay Bridge was still closed, so (or so that ) the drive from San Francisco to the Berkeley campus took an hour and a half. ·

(3)

So is frequently used in informal speech to string together the elements of a narrative. This practice should not be carried over into formal writing, where the absence of contextual information generally requires that connections be made more explicit. · Critics have sometimes objected to the use of so as an intensive meaning “to a great degree or extent,” as in We were so relieved to learn that the deadline had been extended. This usage is most common in informal contexts, perhaps because unlike the neutral very, it presumes that the listener or reader will be sympathetic with the speaker's evaluation of the situation. (Thus one would be more apt to say It was so unfair of them not to invite you than to say It was so fortunate that I didn't have to put up with your company. ) For just this reason, the construction may occasionally be used to good effect in more formal contexts to invite the reader to take the point of view of the speaker or subject:
The request seemed to her to be quite reasonable;
it was so unfair of the manager to refuse.

(4)

But in the absence of stylistic motive, this use of so should be reserved for familiar discourse. · New England speakers often use a negative form such as so didn't where other varieties would use the positive so did, as in Sophie ate all her strawberries and so didn't Amelia. Since this usage may confuse a speaker who has not previously encountered it, it is best avoided in writing.See Usage Note at as 1

基本词义

so
so 2
AHD:[s?]
D.J.[sou]
K.K.[so]
n.Music
Variant of sol 1

英汉船舶大词典

and so forth
adv.等等,诸如此类

英汉航海大词典

and so forth
adv.等等,诸如此类

英汉化学大词典

and so forth
pron.等等

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