简明英汉词典

anchor
[5ANkE]
n.
v.
抛锚, 锚定

美国传统词典[双解]

anchor
an.chor
AHD:[2ng“k…r]
D.J.[6#0k*]
K.K.[6#0k+]
n.(名词)

(1)

Nautical A heavy object attached to a vessel by a cable or rope and cast overboard to keep the vessel in place either by its weight or by its flukes, which grip the bottom.
【航海】 锚:用缆绳或粗绳系在船只上的重物,将其抛出后船只可因其重量或锚钩紧水底而固定住

(2)

A rigid point of support, as for securing a rope.
支撑点,系缚物

(3)

A source of security or stability.
依靠,支柱:造成安全或稳定之源

(4)

Sports
【体育运动】

(5)

An athlete, usually the strongest member of a team, who performs the last stage of a relay race or other competition.
压阵队员:运动队里最强壮的运动员,在接力赛或其它比赛里负责最后一关

(6)

The end of a tug-of-war team.Also called anchorman
拔河比赛中的最后一队运动员也作 anchorman

(7)

An anchorperson.
新闻节目主持人
v.(动词)
an.choredan.chor.ingan.chors
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To hold fast by or as if by an anchor.See Synonyms at fasten
使船稳定:把…固定住,用锚或似乎用锚参见 fasten

(2)

Sports To serve as an anchor for (a team or competition).
【体育运动】 压阵队员:(队或比赛中)充当压阵的运动员

(3)

To narrate or coordinate (a newscast).
主持:叙述或协调(新闻广播节目)

(4)

To provide or form an anchor store for:
端位商店:
Two major stores anchor each end of the shopping mall.
两个主要商场位于商城两端
v.intr.(不及物动词)
Nautical To drop anchor or lie at anchor.
【航海】 抛锚,停泊

语源

(1)

Middle English anker, ancher
中古英语 anker, ancher

(2)

from Old English ancor
源自 古英语 ancor

(3)

from Latin ancora, anchora
源自 拉丁语 ancora, anchora

(4)

from Greek ankura
源自 希腊语 ankura

注释
The history of the word anchor can be said to be a case study in various levels of sophistication. To begin with, the early history of the word illustrates the kind of borrowing done by the various Germanic peoples from the more advanced culture of the Roman Empire. Ancora, the Latin source of our word anchor, was borrowed into several Germanic languages, including Old English and Old High German, an indication that this appropriation occurred during the period of initial contact between Germanic peoples and the Roman Empire. If the early history of anchor illustrates borrowing from a more advanced culture by a less advanced one, a later stage in the word's history may illustrate a misplaced sophistication. The Latin word ancora itself came from Greek ankura but was sometimes spelled anchora in Latin because of a false analogy with other Greek words, in which the sound (k) was spelled ch. As far back as the 14th century English writers who were familiar with this Latin spelling inserted the ch in the word, otherwise spelled with a k or c, thus causing difficulty for many a beginning speller of later times.
anchor 这个词的历史可以作为不同程度意义变换的范例来研究。 这个词的早期历史说明了日耳曼各民族向罗马帝国较先进文化的借鉴。Ancora 作为 anchor 一词的拉丁语来源,被借入几种日耳曼语言, 包括古英语和古德语,说明当日耳曼各民族最早同罗马帝国有往来时借用便开始了。如果anchor 的早先历史显示了落后文化向先进文化借鉴的话, 这个词的后期历史则表明了意义上的错误变动。拉丁词ancora 来自希腊语中的 ankura , 但有时拼写成anchora 是因为同其它希腊词进行了错误的比较, 在希腊语中发k的音都拼写成ch 。 14世纪熟悉拉丁拼法的英国作家们将ch 插入词中, 而不使用k 或 c, 这样就给后来许多初学英语者的拼写造成了困难

现代英汉词典

anchor
[5ANkE(r)]
n.

(1)

cast anchor
抛锚
come to an anchor
下锚碇泊

(2)

靠山;台柱子

习惯用语

weigh anchor
起锚

词性变化

anchor
vt., vi.

(1)

抛锚;停泊

(2)

使稳固;使稳定

现代英汉综合大辞典

anchor
[5ANkE]
n.

(1)

(2)

锚状物

(3)

使稳定(或安全)的东西; [喻]依靠

(4)

接力赛中最后接棒人

(5)

拔河赛中排在最后的一人

(6)

防线中的重要阵地

(7)

铰键, 拉桩; 固定器; 支撑物

(8)

电框衔铁

(9)

簧片; (卡车的)紧急制动器 drag [sea]anchor 浮锚, 对风锚
The ship cast anchor for the night.
这船抛锚过夜。

词性变化

anchor
[5ANkE]
vt.

(1)

抛锚; 泊船

(2)

使稳定; 使固定; 扣牢

(3)

扣住接力中最后一棒
anchor one's hope in [on]
把希望寄托在...上
He anchor ed the winning team.
他担任胜队的最后一棒。

anchor
[5ANkE]
vi.
抛锚; 紧固; 紧紧扣牢
The tiger anchor ed fast to its prey.
这只老虎紧紧地抓住猎物不放。

继承用法

anchorable
adj.

anchorless
[`ANkElIs]
adj.

anchorlike
adj.

习惯用语

at anchor
(船)抛锚, 停泊着

at single anchor
只下一只锚; 不小心, 疏忽

be [lie, ride] at anchor
(船)抛了锚, 停泊着

bring to anchor
停船并下锚

cast [drop] anchor

(1)

下锚, 抛锚

(2)

定居下来, 过安定生活

come to (an) anchor
抛锚, 停泊; 停下来

drag the [her] anchor
(船)拖着锚移动

have [cast, lay out, let go] an anchor to windward
在上风抛锚; 采取安全可靠的办法

let go [drop]the anchor
抛锚, 下锚

sheet anchor

(1)

(紧急使用的)备用大锚

(2)

危急时的靠山, 最后的指望

swallow the anchor
[海俚]脱离航海生活

The anchor comes home.

(1)

锚脱回来了

(2)

(虽然采取了预防措施) 事情失败了

weigh [raise] anchor

(1)

起锚, 起航, 开船

(2)

[口]快点, 加油

(3)

[美俚]离开(=pull anchor)

特殊用法

admiral anchor
海军锚

automatic anchor
水雷自动系留器

back anchor
副锚

base anchor
地脚板

bearing anchor
轴瓦固定螺钉

body anchor
人体支撑

bolster anchor
摇桅枕拉杆

boring anchor
钻座

bower anchor
主锚; 大锚

brake anchor
闸瓦支持销

brake pipe anchor
制动管吊卡

breast anchor
船舷锚

cable anchor
电缆锚

cathode anchor
阴极锚(电子管阴极零件), 阴极支架

floating anchor
浮锚

hand brake pull rod guide anchor
手制动拉杆吊

ice anchor
冰锚

kedge anchor
小锚

lee anchor
下风锚

main anchor
主固定支架

rail anchors
钢轨防爬器[锁定器]轨卡

raw iron plug bolt anchor
铁柄地锚

recessed rock anchor
预埋岩锚栓

resilient anchor
弹簧防爬器

reverse anchor
反向锁闭(装置)

side anchor
铡锚

screw anchor
螺形地锚

Stimson anchor
深水锚(斯铁姆生锚)

triple fluke anchor
三爪锚

wrecking anchor
应急救生锚

用法词典

anchor
源自希腊语ankyra锚,钩

英文相关词典

anchor
attach    fasten    fix    secure    

[七国语言]英汉电子工程大词典

anchor

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

anchor

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

anchor
锚固

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

anchor

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

anchor
锚形体, 锚

美国传统词典

anchor
an.chor
AHD:[2ng“k…r]
D.J.[6#0k*]
K.K.[6#0k+]
n.

(1)

Nautical A heavy object attached to a vessel by a cable or rope and cast overboard to keep the vessel in place either by its weight or by its flukes, which grip the bottom.

(2)

A rigid point of support, as for securing a rope.

(3)

A source of security or stability.

(4)

Sports

(5)

An athlete, usually the strongest member of a team, who performs the last stage of a relay race or other competition.

(6)

The end of a tug-of-war team.Also called anchorman

(7)

An anchorperson.
v.
an.chored, an.chor.ing, an.chors
v.tr.

(1)

To hold fast by or as if by an anchor.See Synonyms at fasten

(2)

Sports To serve as an anchor for (a team or competition).

(3)

To narrate or coordinate (a newscast).

(4)

To provide or form an anchor store for:
Two major stores anchor each end of the shopping mall.
v.intr.
Nautical To drop anchor or lie at anchor.

语源

(1)

Middle English anker, ancher

(2)

from Old English ancor

(3)

from Latin ancora, anchora

(4)

from Greek ankura

注释
The history of the word anchor can be said to be a case study in various levels of sophistication. To begin with, the early history of the word illustrates the kind of borrowing done by the various Germanic peoples from the more advanced culture of the Roman Empire. Ancora, the Latin source of our word anchor, was borrowed into several Germanic languages, including Old English and Old High German, an indication that this appropriation occurred during the period of initial contact between Germanic peoples and the Roman Empire. If the early history of anchor illustrates borrowing from a more advanced culture by a less advanced one, a later stage in the word's history may illustrate a misplaced sophistication. The Latin word ancora itself came from Greek ankura but was sometimes spelled anchora in Latin because of a false analogy with other Greek words, in which the sound (k) was spelled ch. As far back as the 14th century English writers who were familiar with this Latin spelling inserted the ch in the word, otherwise spelled with a k or c, thus causing difficulty for many a beginning speller of later times.

[名词委审定]英汉船舶工程名词(定义版, 1998)

anchor

[名词委审定]英汉动物学名词(1996)

anchor
锚形体

[名词委审定]英汉航海科技名词(1996)

anchor

英汉船舶大词典

anchor
n.簧片,锚;n.衔铁

英汉电力大词典

anchor
n.锚,锚固,锚杆,地锚,电枢,簧片

英汉电信大词典

anchor
n.地锚,电枢

英汉地质大词典

anchor
n.海参锚状骨,锚,铰链

英汉纺织大词典

anchor
n.固定

英汉航海大词典

anchor
n.锚

英汉航空大词典

anchor
n.固定器,锚;n.锚,碇泊

英汉化学大词典

anchor
n.锚,支座,固定,吊钩,簧片,电枢,固定器;vt.抛锚,锚定固,稳定,碇系

英汉海运大词典

anchor
锚电枢衔铁铰钉拉桩锚泊,系泊固定

基本词义

anchor
电枢衔铁铰钉拉桩固定,碇,系泊抛锚,停住,锚泊锚

基本词义

anchor
锚锚泊

基本词义

anchor
锚,碇,抛锚,锚泊锚泊,系泊抛锚,停住

英汉进出口商品词汇大全

anchor
①锚②电枢衔铁③簧片

英汉计算机大词典

anchor
n.锚(固定器,电枢;vt.抛锚(锚定固,稳定

英汉机械大词典

anchor
n.锚,簧片

英汉建筑大词典

anchor
vt.加固

最新会计师英汉大词典

anchor
停泊

英汉农牧林大词典

anchor
n.锚,锚状针骨,抛锚

英汉汽车大词典

anchor
n.锚定

英汉水利大词典

anchor
n.锚,铰钉,支撑点

英汉贸易大词典

anchor
停泊

英汉消防大词典

anchor
【消】第一梯节缚升降索的部位

现代商务英汉大词典

anchor
停泊

英汉冶金大词典

anchor
n.锚,锚定

英汉医学大词典

anchor
n.锚,锚凹

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