简明英汉词典

alligator
[5Ali^eitE]
n.
产于美洲的鳄鱼

美国传统词典[双解]

alligator
al.li.ga.tor
AHD:[2l“1-g3”t…r]
D.J.[6#li7geit*]
K.K.[6#l!7get+]
n.(名词)

(1)

Either of two large reptiles, Alligator mississipiensis of the southeast United States or A. sinensis of China, having sharp teeth and powerful jaws. They differ from crocodiles in having a broader, shorter snout.
短吻鳄:两种大型爬行动物,美国东南部的密西西比鳄 或中国的 扬子鳄 中一种,它们有尖利的牙齿和有力的颚部。和一般鳄鱼相比它们有更宽,更短的鼻子

(2)

Leather made from the hide of one of these reptiles.
短吻鳄鳄鱼皮:由鳄鱼皮制成的皮革

(3)

A tool or fastener having strong, adjustable, often toothed jaws.
鳄口钳:一种工具或夹子,有坚固可调的,通常为齿状的钳口
n.attributive.(定语名词)
Often used to modify another noun:
鳄鱼,鳄鱼皮:常用来修饰另一个名词:
an alligator pond; an alligator handbag.
鳄鱼塘;鳄鱼皮手提包

语源

(1)

Alteration of Spanish el lagarto [the lizard]
西班牙语 el lagarto的变化 [蜥蜴]

(2)

el [the] from Latin ille [that] * see al- 1
el [这个] 源自 拉丁语 ille [那个] *参见 al- 1

(3)

lagarto [lizard] from Latin lacertus
lagarto [蜥蜴] 源自 拉丁语 lacertus

注释
In The Travailes of an Englishman, published in 1568, Job Hortop says that “in this river we killed a monstrous Lagarto or Crocodile.” This killing gives rise to the first recorded instance of alligator in English, obviously in a different form from the one familiar to modern speakers. Alligator, which comes to us from Spanish el lagarto, “the lizard,” was modified in pronunciation and form in several ways before taking on the form alligator. Such changes, referred to by linguists as taboo deformation, are not uncommon in a name for something that is feared and include, for example, the change in sequence of the r and t that occurred between el lagarto and alligator. An interesting parallel case is crocodile, which appears in Spanish, for example, as cocodrilo, with a similar difference in the sequence of the r. The earliest recorded form of alligator that is similar to ours appears in Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet (First Folio, 1623): “In his needie shop a tortoyrs hung,/An Allegater stuft.”
在出版于1568年的英国人的劳作 一书中, 约伯·霍特普说“在这条河里我们杀死过一只巨大的蜥蜴或鳄鱼。”这次捕杀导致alligator 作为首次载入英语的实例, 和现代人所熟悉的词形明显不同。Alligator 来源于西班牙语 ellagarto, 意思是“蜥蜴,” 在采用alligator 这个词之前,其发音和词形经过了好几种变化。 这些变化,语言学家们称作禁忌变形,在人们惧怕的某种事物的名称里是常见的,而且还包括r 和 t 在以下两个单词 ellagarto 和 alligator 间依次的变化。 一个同样有趣的例子是crocodile, 在西班牙语里是cocodrilo, 区别在于排列顺序不同的 r 上。 最早记载的alligator 其词形接近我们所使用的词形,出现于莎士比亚的 罗密欧与朱丽叶 中,(1623年第一版对开本): “在他的日用品店中挂着一个玩具,一只布做的鳄鱼。”

现代英汉词典

alligator
[5AlI^eItE(r)]
n.

(1)

短吻鳄

(2)

鳄鱼皮革

现代英汉综合大辞典

alligator
[5Ali^eitE]
n.

(1)

短鼻鳄鱼

(2)

鳄皮

(3)

水陆两用平底军用车

(4)

鳄式碎石机

(5)

摇摆舞音乐爱好者

(6)

辊式压渣机; 颚口工具; 皮带扣(卡子)

(7)

一种印刷机
Yangtze alligator
扬子鳄
alligator bait
[美口]

词性变化

alligator
[5Ali^eitE]
adj.
鳄鱼皮的
vi.
(油漆因受风雨关系而)龟裂成鳄鱼皮状

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

alligator
自翻式吊桶

美国传统词典

alligator
al.li.ga.tor
AHD:[2l“1-g3”t…r]
D.J.[6#li7geit*]
K.K.[6#l!7get+]
n.

(1)

Either of two large reptiles, Alligator mississipiensis of the southeast United States or A. sinensis of China, having sharp teeth and powerful jaws. They differ from crocodiles in having a broader, shorter snout.

(2)

Leather made from the hide of one of these reptiles.

(3)

A tool or fastener having strong, adjustable, often toothed jaws.
n.attributive.
Often used to modify another noun:
an alligator pond; an alligator handbag.

语源

(1)

Alteration of Spanish el lagarto [the lizard]

(2)

el [the] from Latin ille [that] * see al- 1

(3)

lagarto [lizard] from Latin lacertus

注释
In The Travailes of an Englishman, published in 1568, Job Hortop says that “in this river we killed a monstrous Lagarto or Crocodile.” This killing gives rise to the first recorded instance of alligator in English, obviously in a different form from the one familiar to modern speakers. Alligator, which comes to us from Spanish el lagarto, “the lizard,” was modified in pronunciation and form in several ways before taking on the form alligator. Such changes, referred to by linguists as taboo deformation, are not uncommon in a name for something that is feared and include, for example, the change in sequence of the r and t that occurred between el lagarto and alligator. An interesting parallel case is crocodile, which appears in Spanish, for example, as cocodrilo, with a similar difference in the sequence of the r. The earliest recorded form of alligator that is similar to ours appears in Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet (First Folio, 1623): “In his needie shop a tortoyrs hung,/An Allegater stuft.”

英汉地质大词典

alligator
n.钝吻鳄属;n.鳄口型挤渣机,颚式碎石机

英汉航空大词典

alligator
n.鳄式碎石机,鳄式碎矿机

英汉化学大词典

alligator
n.颚口工具,辊式压渣机,鳄鱼;vt.龟裂,钝吻鳄属

英汉海运大词典

alligator
鳄鱼水陆平底军用车鳄式碎石机

基本词义

alligator
鳄鱼

基本词义

alligator
鳄鱼水陆平底军用车鳄式碎石机

英汉进出口商品词汇大全

alligator
鳄式破碎机

英汉计算机大词典

alligator
n.颚口工具(辊式压渣机,鳄鱼);vt.龟裂

英汉机械大词典

alligator
n.鳄式碎石机,鳄式碎矿机

英汉建筑大词典

alligator
n.鳄式碎石机,破碎机,起重机

英汉农牧林大词典

alligator
n.叶附属物,鳄鱼,钝吻鳄属

英汉能源大词典

alligator
n.鳄口型挤渣机,颚式碎石机

英汉汽车大词典

alligator
n.水陆两用汽车

英汉水利大词典

alligator
n.颚式碎石机,辊式压渣机,起重机

英汉冶金大词典

alligator
n.鳄式破碎机,鳄口形挤渣机

英汉中医大词典

alligator
n.短吻鳄属,短鼻鳄鱼,鳄皮

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004