简明英汉词典

aggravate
[5A^rEveit]
vt.
使恶化, 加重

美国传统词典[双解]

aggravate
ag.gra.vate
AHD:[2g“r…-v3t”]
D.J.[6#gr*7veit]
K.K.[6#gr*7vet]
v.tr.(及物动词)
ag.gra.vat.edag.gra.vat.ingag.gra.vates

(1)

To make worse or more troublesome.
加重;加剧;使恶化:使变得更坏或更麻烦

(2)

To rouse to exasperation or anger; provoke.See Synonyms at annoy
使恼火;激怒:激起愤怒或恼怒;煽动参见 annoy

语源

(1)

Latin aggrav3e aggrav3t-
拉丁语 aggrav3e aggrav3t-

(2)

ad- [ad-]
ad- [前缀,表“朝向”]

(3)

grav3e [to burden] from gravis [heavy] * see g wer- 1
grav3e [负担] 源自 gravis [重的] *参见 g wer- 1

继承用法

aggravatingly
adv.(副词)

aggravative
adj.(形容词)

aggravator
n.(名词)

用法
It is sometimes claimed that aggravate should be used only to mean “to make worse” and not “to irritate.” Based on this view it would be appropriate to say The endless wait for luggage aggravates the misery of modern air travel, but not It's the endless wait for luggage that aggravates me the most. But the latter use dates back as far as the 17th century and is accepted by 68 percent of the Usage Panel. As H.W. Fowler wrote, “the extension from aggravating a person's temper to aggravating the person himself is slight and natural, and when we are told that Wackford Squeers [in Dickens's Nicholas Nickleby ] pinched the boys in aggravating places we may reasonably infer that his choice of places aggravated both the pinches and the boys.”
有时认为aggravate 应当只被用来表示“加重;使恶化”的意思而不表示“使恼火;激怒”。 根据这种观点,The endless wait for luggage aggravates the misery of modern air travel(无休止地等待行李加重了现代飞机旅行的困难) 这个句子是正确的,而 It's the endless wait for luggage that aggravates me the most(无休止地等待行李最为令我恼火) 这一句则不正确。 但是后一种用法可以追溯到17世纪,并且被百分之六十八的用法使用小组成员所接受。正如H·W·福勒写道,“从使一个人的脾气变得更坏到使一个人恼火的延伸是微小和自然的,当我们看到威克福特·斯贵尔斯[出自狄更斯的小说尼古拉斯·尼克尔贝 ]往令人恼火的地方拧孩子们时, 我们可以合理地推断出他所选择的地方既加剧了拧的疼痛又令孩子们大为恼火。”

现代英汉词典

aggravate
[5A^rEveIt]
vt.
-vated, -vating

(1)

加剧;使恶化
Grief aggravated her illness.
痛苦加重了她的病情。

(2)

激怒
If he aggravates me any more I shall punish him.
如果他再惹我生气,我就要惩罚他。

现代英汉综合大辞典

aggravate
[5A^rEveit]
vt.

(1)

加重; 加剧

(2)

[口]使恼火; 激怒; 使...恶化
His bad temper was aggravated by his headache.
头疼使他的脾气更坏。
Threats will only aggravate her.
恐吓只能激怒她。
Don't aggravate me, child.
孩子, 不要惹我生气。

继承用法

aggravative
adj.

词性变化

aggravator
n.

习惯用语

be aggravated at sth.
因某事而发怒

be aggravated with sb.
生某人的气

用法词典

aggravate
ag-=ad-=to+gravis“重”=“使更严重”的意思

英文相关词典

aggravate
annoy    exasperate    infuriate    irk    irritate    provoke    vex    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

aggravate
恶化

美国传统词典

aggravate
ag.gra.vate
AHD:[2g“r…-v3t”]
D.J.[6#gr*7veit]
K.K.[6#gr*7vet]
v.tr.
ag.gra.vat.ed, ag.gra.vat.ing, ag.gra.vates

(1)

To make worse or more troublesome.

(2)

To rouse to exasperation or anger; provoke.See Synonyms at annoy

语源

(1)

Latin aggrav3e aggrav3t-

(2)

ad- [ad-]

(3)

grav3e [to burden] from gravis [heavy] * see g wer- 1

继承用法

aggravatingly
adv.

aggravative
adj.

aggravator
n.

用法
It is sometimes claimed that aggravate should be used only to mean “to make worse” and not “to irritate.” Based on this view it would be appropriate to say The endless wait for luggage aggravates the misery of modern air travel, but not It's the endless wait for luggage that aggravates me the most. But the latter use dates back as far as the 17th century and is accepted by 68 percent of the Usage Panel. As H.W. Fowler wrote, “the extension from aggravating a person's temper to aggravating the person himself is slight and natural, and when we are told that Wackford Squeers [in Dickens's Nicholas Nickleby ] pinched the boys in aggravating places we may reasonably infer that his choice of places aggravated both the pinches and the boys.”

英汉化学大词典

aggravate
vt.加剧,使...恶化,使...更严重

英汉海运大词典

aggravate
加重,使恶化

英汉计算机大词典

aggravate
vt.加剧(使...恶化,使...更严重

英汉中医大词典

aggravate
n.加重,使恶化

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