简明英汉词典

against
[E5^enst, E5^einst]
prep.
相反, 反对, 逆着, 靠着, 倚着

美国传统词典[双解]

against
a.gainst
AHD:[…-gμnst“]
D.J.[*6genst]
K.K.[*6gWnst]
prep.(介词)

(1)

In a direction or course opposite to:
逆:与某个方向或过程相反:
row against the current.
逆水行舟

(2)

So as to come into forcible contact with:
对撞:为与…达成猛烈接触:
waves dashing against the shore.
拍岸的波涛

(3)

In contact with so as to rest or press on:
倚在;紧靠着:与…接触为了休息或按压:
leaned against the tree.
斜靠着树

(4)

In hostile opposition or resistance to:
反抗;抵抗:处于敌对状况或与…相抗衡:
struggle against fate.
同命运抗争

(5)

Contrary to; opposed to:
与…相反;对:
against my better judgment.
与我的判断相反

(6)

In contrast or comparison with the setting or background of:
对照;对比:以…的布景或背景相对比:
dark colors against a fair skin.
深色衬托出白皙的肌肤

(7)

In preparation for; in anticipation of:
预期;以备:为…作准备;期待着…:
food stored against winter.
为过冬贮备的食物

(8)

As a defense or safeguard from:
预防;防御:以…为防御或保护对象:
protection against the cold.
预防感冒

(9)

To the account or debt of:
兑换;提取:作为帐上的应收款项或作为…的借项:
drew a check against my bank balance.
开支票支取自己的银行结余

(10)

Directly opposite to; facing.
正对着;面向

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

alteration of againes
againes的变化

(3)

from Old English ongeagn
源自 古英语 ongeagn

现代英汉词典

against
[E5^eInst, E5^enst]
prep.

(1)

相反;逆着
against the law
违法
We sailed against the wind.
我们逆风行船。
Drug taking is against the law.
吸毒是违法的。

(2)

反对
We won our match against that team.
我们在比赛中赢了那个队。
No one is against this proposal.
没有人反对这个提议。

(3)

靠着,依着
to lean against the wall
靠着墙

(4)

与…成对照
against a dark background
与黑色背景成对照
The picture looks better against the light wall.
这幅画挂在浅色的墙上显得更美。

(5)

防备;防御
against the cold
防冷
against a rainy day
防备雨天
We are all taking medicine against the flu.
我们都在服药预防流感。

(6)

以…相抵
income against expenditure
以收抵支

现代英汉综合大辞典

against
[E5^enst, E5^einst]
prep.

(1)

反对, 逆; 违反, 违背
advance against difficulties
迎着困难上
No one is against this proposal.
没有人反对这个提议。

(2)

靠近, 紧靠; 倚在
place the ladder against the wall
把梯子靠在墙上
He was leaning against a post.
他倚在一根柱子上。

(3)

防御; 防备
be prepared against war and natural disasters
备战备荒

(4)

碰着, 撞击
The rain was beating against the windows.
雨点拍打在窗户上。

(5)

以...为背景; 对照
The pine trees were black against the morning sky.
在早晨天空的映照下, 那些松树呈黑色。

(6)

[表示方向, 常与over连用]在...的对面
He lived over against the temple.
他住在那寺庙的正对面。

(7)

[表示对比关系, 有时可与as连用]...而...
The park opens five hours a day this year against three hours a day last year.
这公园今年每天开放五小时, 而去年每天开放三小时。

(8)

[表示交换关系]以...抵付; 凭...换取
the rate against U.S. dollars
美元兑换率

习惯用语

as against
与...比较

be against
违反, 无视, 不顾

be against sth.
违反, 无视, 不顾

dead against
[口]断然反对, 正对着

set against
[口]断然反对, 正对着

over against

(1)

在...对面

(2)

与...成鲜明的对比

英文相关词典

against
in opposition to    versus    for    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

against
反对

美国传统词典

against
a.gainst
AHD:[…-gμnst“]
D.J.[*6genst]
K.K.[*6gWnst]
prep.

(1)

In a direction or course opposite to:
row against the current.

(2)

So as to come into forcible contact with:
waves dashing against the shore.

(3)

In contact with so as to rest or press on:
leaned against the tree.

(4)

In hostile opposition or resistance to:
struggle against fate.

(5)

Contrary to; opposed to:
against my better judgment.

(6)

In contrast or comparison with the setting or background of:
dark colors against a fair skin.

(7)

In preparation for; in anticipation of:
food stored against winter.

(8)

As a defense or safeguard from:
protection against the cold.

(9)

To the account or debt of:
drew a check against my bank balance.

(10)

Directly opposite to; facing.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

alteration of againes

(3)

from Old English ongeagn

英汉航空大词典

against
n.逆,反对

英汉化学大词典

against
prep.反对,相对于,支靠

英汉海运大词典

against
逆,反对(气导)相反,反对对着

基本词义

against
反对,相反,对着

英汉计算机大词典

against
prep.反对(相对于,支靠

英汉中医大词典

against
n.逆,反,防备

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