简明英汉词典

afraid
[E5freid]
adj.
害怕, 担心

美国传统词典[双解]

afraid
a.fraid
AHD:[…-fr3d“]
D.J.[*6freid]
K.K.[*6fred]
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Filled with fear:
恐惧的,害怕的:充满恐惧的:
afraid of ghosts; afraid to die; afraid for his life.
害怕鬼;怕死;担心他的生命

(2)

Having feelings of aversion or unwillingness in regard to something:
不情愿的,嫌弃的:对事情反感的或不情愿的:
not afraid of hard work; afraid to show emotion.
不怕艰苦的工作;不愿意显露感情

(3)

Filled with regret or concern. Used especially to soften an unpleasant statement:
恐怕:后悔的或遗憾的,尤指用于婉转地陈述令人不快的言语:
I'm afraid you're wrong.
恐怕你错了

语源

(1)

Middle English affraied [past participle of] affraien [to frighten]
中古英语 affraied [] affraien的过去分词 [恐吓]

(2)

from Old French esfraier, esfreer [to disturb]
源自 古法语 esfraier, esfreer [打扰]

(3)

[of Germanic origin] * see pro-
[日耳曼语源的] *参见 pro-

参考词汇

(1)

afraidapprehensivefearful

(2)

The central meaning shared by these adjectives is “filled with fear”:
这些形容词所共有的中心意思为“充满恐惧的”:
afraid of snakes;
害怕蛇;
feeling apprehensive before surgery;
手术前忐忑不安;
fearful of criticism. unafraid
担心批评 unafraid

注释
The notion of removal from a state of peace happens to be the basis for constructing .exfred3, literally “to remove from peace,” the Vulgar Latin ancestor of our word afraid. This Vulgar Latin word is made up of the Latin prefix ex-, “out of,” and a Vulgar Latin verb of the form .frid3e or .fret3, which came from Germanic .frithuz, “peace.” The Old French word esfraier, “to disturb,” which subsequently developed from .exfred3, came into Middle English as affraien, a verb whose earliest recorded sense, found in a text composed possibly around 1300, is “to frighten, disturb.” Affray, the descendant of affraien, is little used in contemporary writing and speech, but the same cannot be said of the descendant of the past participle of affraien, our adjective afraid.
离开平静的状态,这个概念恰好是exfredare 一词的构词基础。 这个词字面意思为“离开平静”,是afraid 一词的俗拉丁语始祖。 这个俗拉丁语词汇由意为“离开”的拉丁语前缀ex- 和俗拉丁语动词形式的 fridare 或 fretare 组成, 这一俗拉丁语动词形式又源自日耳曼语frithuz, 意为“平静”。 古法语单词esfraier, 意为“打扰”是随后从 exfredare 发展而来的, 其以affraien 的动词形式传入中古英语,这个词最早的有记载的意义为“吓唬,打扰”,见载于约1300年的一篇文章中。 Affray 为 affraien 的派生词,其很少在当代文章以及口语中使用, 但这不等于说明affraien 的过去分词的派生词,现在的形容词 afraid 也很少使用

现代英汉词典

afraid
[E5freId]
adj.

(1)

害怕的
be afraid of dogs
怕狗
At the news the old lady was so afraid that her face was drained of blood.
老太太一听到这消息就吓得脸上失去了血色。
We are never afraid to lay down our lives for the right cause.
为了正义的事业我们绝不怕牺牲自己的生命。
He was afraid that he would lose.
他担心会输。

(2)

担心的;担忧的
He was afraid that he would lose.
他担心会输。

(3)

(表示抱歉)恐怕;我想…
I am afraid you are wrong about that.
这事儿我想恐怕是你错了。
I am afraid I've broken your pen.
我是怕把你的笔弄坏了。
I'm afraid I am late.
我恐怕迟到了吧!

现代英汉综合大辞典

afraid
[E5freid]
adj.
[常作表语]

(1)

怕, 害怕

(2)

[口]恐怕

(3)

认为(反驳对方的一种委婉的说法); 很抱歉不得不说; 担心
He is afraid of his own shadow.
他(提心吊胆)连自己的影子都害怕。
I'm afraid (that) I'll be late.
我可能要迟到了。
I'mafraid it's going to rain.
恐怕要下雨了。
I am afraidyou don't see my point.
很抱歉我想你没有明白我的意思。

习惯用语

be afraid of
害怕, 担心

I'm afraid
[口]大概, 恐怕, 担心; 对不起(因为要说不受欢迎的话而用的客套语)

参考词汇
afraid     frightened     timid     terrified     fearful    
都含“害怕的”意思。

(1)

afraid 不能做定语(其它四个词都可以做定语),它多用于习惯经常地“惧怕”某事物, 泛指一种“恐惧心理”, 如:
I'm afraid of a dog.
我怕狗。

(2)

frightened 指一种“强烈的、突然的恐惧”, 其经历时间较短, 如:
He was frightened out of life.
他吓得要命。

(3)

timid 指“缺乏勇气和自信的”、“胆怯的”,暗指“易惊怕的”和“过分谨慎的”, 如:
He was timid about investing money.
他不敢投资。

(4)

terrified 指感受到“很强烈的、突如其来的恐惧”, 如:
The terrified children ran home.
受惊吓的孩子跑回家去。

(5)

fearful 指“担心可能发生的结果的”, 如:
She was fearful of falling.
他怕摔倒。
brave     bold    

用法词典

afraid
中古英语affraied, afraied

参考词汇

(1)

be afraid,fear,frighten这三个词都可以表示“怕”的意思。

(2)

be afraid of 后可跟名词或动名词,be afraid 后可跟动词不定式,此语的含义是“怕”或“不敢”,be afraid 后可跟that从句,其含义是“恐怕”。
I'm very much afraid I can't.
I wasn't afraid ofthe car. I was afraid of the driver.
我不是怕那辆车,而是怕那个开车的人。
They didn't play volleyball near the window. They were afraid of breaking it.
他们没在窗子附近打排球,他们怕把窗子打破了。
He is afraid to go there.
他不敢到那里去。
I'm afraid I didn't see the speed limit, afficer, I must have been dreaming.
恐怕我没有看见限速标志,警官。我一定思想开小差了。
I'm afraid I don't understand.
抱歉,我不明白你的意思。

(3)

fear 可以用作动词,也可以用作名词,其含义也是“怕”,但口语中多用be afraid of.例如:Don't fear the dog. 这句话虽正确,但口语中都说Don't be afraid of the dog.此外,fear that…表示“担心”,稍异于be afraid…。
If, at the time, the British had not feared inversion, it would have been completed.
假如英国人当时不是害怕入侵,这条隧道早就建成了。
They feared that the mummy would fall to pieces when they cut it open.
他们担心在进行解剖手术时,木乃伊会变成碎块。
Her heart was filled with fear when she heard of it.
她听到这件事时,心里充满了恐惧。

(4)

frighten 只用作动词,其含义是“吓唬”,“使…害怕”。

(5)

afraid 是形容词,但通常不用very修饰,而用very much修饰,特别是在它的含义为“抱歉”时。
……only on one occasion have I ever fell frightened.
我只有一次受惊吓了。
don't frighten me. I'm not afraid.
别恐吓我,我不怕。
I was very sorry for her frightened look.
我对她害怕的样子很难过。

(6)

注:afraid 只用作表语,不用作定语。

英文相关词典

afraid
cowardly    fearful    frightened    scared    bold    brave    

美国传统词典

afraid
a.fraid
AHD:[…-fr3d“]
D.J.[*6freid]
K.K.[*6fred]
adj.

(1)

Filled with fear:
afraid of ghosts; afraid to die; afraid for his life.

(2)

Having feelings of aversion or unwillingness in regard to something:
not afraid of hard work; afraid to show emotion.

(3)

Filled with regret or concern. Used especially to soften an unpleasant statement:
I'm afraid you're wrong.

语源

(1)

Middle English affraied [past participle of] affraien [to frighten]

(2)

from Old French esfraier, esfreer [to disturb]

(3)

[of Germanic origin] * see pro-

参考词汇

(1)

afraid, apprehensive, fearful

(2)

The central meaning shared by these adjectives is “filled with fear”:
afraid of snakes;
feeling apprehensive before surgery;
fearful of criticism. unafraid

注释
The notion of removal from a state of peace happens to be the basis for constructing .exfred3, literally “to remove from peace,” the Vulgar Latin ancestor of our word afraid. This Vulgar Latin word is made up of the Latin prefix ex-, “out of,” and a Vulgar Latin verb of the form .frid3e or .fret3, which came from Germanic .frithuz, “peace.” The Old French word esfraier, “to disturb,” which subsequently developed from .exfred3, came into Middle English as affraien, a verb whose earliest recorded sense, found in a text composed possibly around 1300, is “to frighten, disturb.” Affray, the descendant of affraien, is little used in contemporary writing and speech, but the same cannot be said of the descendant of the past participle of affraien, our adjective afraid.

英汉航空大词典

afraid
n.耽心的,害怕的

英汉化学大词典

afraid
adj.害怕的,畏惧的

英汉计算机大词典

afraid
adj.害怕的(畏惧的)

英汉心理学大词典

afraid
害怕

英汉中医大词典

afraid
n.害怕,怕

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