简明英汉词典

affinity
[E5finiti]
n.
密切关系, 吸引力, 姻亲关系, 亲合力

美国传统词典[双解]

affinity
af.fin.i.ty
AHD:[…-f1n“1-t?]
D.J.[*6finiti8]
K.K.[*6f!n!ti]
n.(名词)
【复数】 af.fin.i.ties

(1)

A natural attraction or feeling of kinship.
共鸣,吸引:自然的吸引或亲密的感情

(2)

Relationship by marriage.
姻亲关系

(3)

An inherent similarity between persons or things.See Synonyms at likeness
相似:人或事物之间遗传上的相似之处参见 likeness

(4)

Biology A relationship or resemblance in structure between species that suggests a common origin.
【生物学】 类同:具有相同起源的物种之间在结构上的关系或相似之处

(5)

Immunology The attraction between an antigen and an antibody.
【免疫学】 化合力:抗原和抗体之间的相互吸引

(6)

Chemistry An attraction or force between particles that causes them to combine.
【化学】 亲和力:促使微粒之间结合的相互吸引或能力

语源

(1)

Middle English affinite
中古英语 affinite

(2)

from Old French afinite
源自 古法语 afinite

(3)

from Latin affo3s}
源自 拉丁语 affo3s}

(4)

from affos [related by marriage] * see affined
源自 affos [姻亲的] *参见 affined

用法

(1)

In the sense of “attraction,” affinity may be followed by of, between, or with. Thus one may speak of the close affinity of James and Samuel, or of the affinity between James and Samuel, or of James's affinity with Samuel. In its chemical use affinity is generally followed by for:
从“吸引”的意义上讲,affinity 通常后接 of,between 或 with。 因此可以说詹姆士和塞缪尔的亲密关系, 或者说詹姆士和塞缪尔之间的亲密关系, 或者也可说詹姆士和塞缪尔的亲密关系。 在其化学的用法上,affinity 常后接 for:
a dye with an affinity for synthetic fabrics.
对合成纤维具有亲和力的染液。

(2)

In general usage affinity should not be used as a simple synonym for liking. In an earlier survey, a majority of the Usage Panel rejected the example
在惯用法上affinity 不能简单地作为 liking 的同义词。 在早些时候的调查中,大多数用法使用小组的成员反对下面的例子:
Her affinity for living in California led her to reject a chance to return to New York.
对居住在加利福尼亚的爱好导致她放弃重返纽约的机会。

现代英汉词典

affinity
[E5fInItI]
n.
-ties

(1)

亲密关系
The Spanish and Portuguese languages have many affinities.
西班牙语和葡萄牙语有着许多亲密的关系。

(2)

吸引力
She feels a strong affinity for him.
她对他很有吸引力。

现代英汉综合大辞典

affinity
[E5finiti]
n.

(1)

姻亲, 姻亲关系

(2)

(语言等的)类似, 近似

(3)

共鸣, 吸引力, 有吸引力的人

(4)

【数】仿射性

(5)

【化】亲和力

(6)

【生】类缘, 亲缘, 类同; 类似; 肖似

继承用法

affinitative,affinitive
adj.

特殊用法

adsorption affinity
吸附力

alternating affinity
更迭亲力

cellular affinity
细胞亲和力

channel affinity
通路共用性

chemical affinity
化学亲合性[势, 能, 力]

cohesive affinity
内聚亲和力, 附着力

differential affinity
差别[不等]亲和力

dye affinity
染色性, 染色亲合势

elective affinity
有择亲和势

electron affinity
电子亲合性[势]

equivalent affinity
等积仿射变换

free affinity
自由亲和力

genetic affinity
遗传亲和力, 遗传关系

morbid affinity
病理亲和力

mutual affinity
相互吸引

negative electron affinity
负电子亲合力

physiological affinity
生理的亲合

proton affinity
质子亲和力

reciprocal affinity
交互亲(和)力

residual affinity
剩余亲合势

resin affinity
树脂亲和力

selective affinity
优先[选择]亲和力

semantic affinity
语义一致

terminal affinity
(染色体)端部[末端]亲和

thermoelectron affinity
热电子亲和力

unit affinity
设备相似

unsaturated affinity
不饱和亲(和)力

vital affinity
生命亲(和)力

water affinity
润湿性; 亲水性

affinity for metal surface
对金属表面的亲合力(润滑剂 薄膜对金属表面的亲力)

affinity for oxygen
对氧的亲和力

affinity of aggregation
集团亲(和)力, 内聚力

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

affinity
亲和力

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

affinity
亲和力

[七国语言]英汉电子大词典

affinity
亲合力

[七国语言]英汉化学大词典

affinity
亲合力

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

affinity
亲合势, 亲合力

[七国语言]英汉机械工程大词典

affinity
亲合力, 亲合性

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

affinity
亲和力

[七国语言]英汉轻工业大词典

affinity
亲合力

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

affinity
亲和性

[七国语言]英汉数学大词典

affinity
仿射变换

[七国语言]英汉物理大词典

affinity
亲合势, 亲合性, 仿射性

[七国语言]英汉冶金大词典

affinity
亲和力

[七国语言]英汉医学大词典

affinity
亲和力

[七国语言]英汉原子能大词典

affinity
亲合力

美国传统词典

affinity
af.fin.i.ty
AHD:[…-f1n“1-t?]
D.J.[*6finiti8]
K.K.[*6f!n!ti]
n.
pl. af.fin.i.ties

(1)

A natural attraction or feeling of kinship.

(2)

Relationship by marriage.

(3)

An inherent similarity between persons or things.See Synonyms at likeness

(4)

Biology A relationship or resemblance in structure between species that suggests a common origin.

(5)

Immunology The attraction between an antigen and an antibody.

(6)

Chemistry An attraction or force between particles that causes them to combine.

语源

(1)

Middle English affinite

(2)

from Old French afinite

(3)

from Latin affo3s}

(4)

from affos [related by marriage] * see affined

用法

(1)

In the sense of “attraction,” affinity may be followed by of, between, or with. Thus one may speak of the close affinity of James and Samuel, or of the affinity between James and Samuel, or of James's affinity with Samuel. In its chemical use affinity is generally followed by for:
a dye with an affinity for synthetic fabrics.

(2)

In general usage affinity should not be used as a simple synonym for liking. In an earlier survey, a majority of the Usage Panel rejected the example
Her affinity for living in California led her to reject a chance to return to New York.

[名词委审定]英汉化学工程名词(1995)

affinity
亲和势

[名词委审定]英汉药学名词(1999)

affinity
亲和性

基本词义

affinity
亲和力

[名词委审定]英汉医学名词(三, 遗传学等, 1994)

affinity
亲和力

英汉船舶大词典

affinity
n.亲和性

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

affinity
相似(性);衬合力;仿射性;亲缘关系

英汉地质大词典

affinity
n.亲合力,亲和性,亲缘,亲合势,类似

英汉法学大词典

affinity
n.姻亲关系

英汉纺织大词典

affinity
n.亲合性,亲和力

英汉环境大词典

affinity
n.亲合势,类似

英汉航空大词典

affinity
n.亲合势,亲力;n.亲密关系,类同

英汉化学大词典

affinity
n.类似,亲合力,仿射性

英汉海运大词典

affinity
亲和能力,亲和性

英汉经贸大词典

affinity
n.类似,亲合力,仿射性

英汉计算机大词典

affinity
n.类似(亲合力,仿射性)

英汉机械大词典

affinity
n.类似

英汉建筑大词典

affinity
n.相似,亲和性,化合性

英汉能源大词典

affinity
n.类似,亲合力,仿射性

英汉水利大词典

affinity
n.亲合性,仿射性,相似性

英汉消防大词典

affinity
亲合力〔性、势、能〕,化合〔亲合〕力

英汉心理学大词典

affinity
亲和力

英汉冶金大词典

affinity
n.亲和力,亲和势

英汉医学大词典

affinity
n.亲和力,亲和势

英汉中医大词典

affinity
n.姻亲关系

英汉造纸大词典

affinity
n.亲力,亲合势,亲合能

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