简明英汉词典

accompany
[E5kQmpEni]
vt.
陪伴, 伴奏

美国传统词典[双解]

accompany
ac.com.pa.ny
AHD:[…-k?m“p…-n?, …-k?mp“n?]
D.J.[*6k(mp*ni8, *6k(mpni8]
K.K.[*6k(mp*ni, *6k(mpni]
v.(动词)
ac.com.pa.niedac.com.pa.ny.ingac.com.pa.nies
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To be or go with as a companion.
陪伴,陪同:作为同伴相处或同行

(2)

To add to; supplement:
附加;补充:
Wine accompanies the meal.
伴饭的酒

(3)

To coexist or occur with.
与…共存,与…一同发生

(4)

Music To perform an accompaniment to.
【音乐】 为…伴奏
v.intr.(不及物动词)
Music To play an accompaniment.
【音乐】 伴奏

语源

(1)

Middle English accompanien
中古英语 accompanien

(2)

from Old French acompagnier
源自 古法语 acompagnier

(3)

a- [to] from Latin ad- * see ad-
a- [朝…方向] 源自 拉丁语 ad- *参见 ad-

(4)

compaignon [companion] * see companion 1
compaignon [同伴;] *参见 companion1

参考词汇

(1)

accompanyconductescortchaperon

(2)

These verbs are compared when they mean to be with or to go with another or others.
这些动词指伴随或陪同他人或其他人时对他们加以比较。

(3)

Accompany suggests going with another on an equal basis:
Accompany 指在平等的基础上伴随他人:
She went to Europe accompanied by her colleague.
她和她的同事一道去欧洲。

(4)

Conduct implies guidance of others:
Conduct 暗指受他人的领导:
The usher conducted us to our seats.
领位员带我们到座位上。

(5)

Escort stresses protective guidance:
Escort 强调保护性的护随:
The picture shows the party chairperson escorting the candidate through the crowd.
这张图片反映了党的主席陪同候选人通过人群。

(6)

Chaperon specifies adult supervision of young persons:
Chaperon 强调成年人对青年人的监督:
Teachers often chaperon their classes on field trips.
在野外郊游时老师常看护着班上的学生。

用法

(1)

It is traditionally claimed that the preposition to use with accompany in the passive should be by in the case of persons and with otherwise:
在被动语态中,当指的是人时,用在accompany 后的介词传统上认为只能是 by ,而在其它情况则用 with :
The candidate was accompanied by six burly bodyguards.
六个魁梧的保镖护随着候选人。
The salmon was accompanied with a delicious watercress salad.
伴有可口的水田芥菜色拉的鲑鱼。

(2)

However, by is quite commonly used in sentences of the second type, and the usage is grammatically defensible. The phrase introduced with by normally represents the subject of a related active sentence; thus, the sentence The salmon was accompanied by a delicious watercress salad is the unexceptional passive of the sentence A delicious watercress salad accompanied the salmon. By the same token, with can be used with persons when they are the instruments of an act of accompanying performed by someone else. We can say The Secret Service accompanied the candidate with six burly bodyguards, or we can use the passive The candidate was accompanied with six burly bodyguards (by the Secret Service). The choice between the two prepositions really depends on the intended sense. Although the traditional rule may serve as a guide to which sense is likely to feel the most natural, it should not be taken as a categorical stricture.
但是by 在第二种形式的句子中也常用, 而且这种用法在语法上是可行的。由by 引导的短语一般表示一相关主动句中的主语; 因此句型伴有可口的水田芥菜色拉的鲑鱼 就是 用可口的水田芥菜色拉来搭配鲑鱼 这类句型的必然被动语态。 同样,当某些人是其他人所安排的陪同活动中的工具的时候,with 也可用于人。 我们可以说特工处派了六个强壮的保镖护随候选人, 或者我们可以用被动态用六个强壮的保镖护随候选人(是由秘密机关安排的)。 事实上是基于使用意图而在这两个介词之间进行选择的。虽然以传统的语法规则为导引可使人感到含义上极为自然,但不能就此认为这是绝对的限制

现代英汉词典

accompany
[E5kQmpEnI]
vt.
-nied, -nying

(1)

陪伴
She accompanied me to the doctor's.
她陪我去看了医生。
The minister was accompanied by his secretary to the hospital.
部长由他的秘书陪同到医院去。
Please accompany me on the trip to my hometown.
请陪我去故乡走一走。

(2)

伴随
Lightning usually accompanies thunder.
雷声常常伴随着闪电而来。
The text is accompanied by illustrations.
正文附有插图。

(3)

伴奏
Mary sang and I accompanied her on the piano.
玛丽唱歌,我弹琴给她伴奏。
The well-known singer was accompanied at the electronic organ by his school teacher.
那位著名的歌唱家的小学老师用电子风琴为他伴奏。

现代英汉综合大辞典

accompany
[E5kQmpEni]
vt.

(1)

陪, 伴, 陪着; 陪衬, 伴随

(2)

给...伴奏

(3)

补充
an accompanying letter
附函
He -nied his friend to the film.
他陪他的朋友去看电影。
Thunder -nies lightning.
雷随闪电而来。

词性变化

accompany
[E5kQmpEni]
vi.
伴奏

习惯用语

(be)-nied by
附有, 伴随

be -nied with (a thing)
带着, 带有, 兼有

参考词汇
accompany     attend     escort     convoy    
意思都含“与人结伴同行”或“伴随某物”。

(1)

accompany 指“与人结伴, 做伴”, 常含有彼此之间关系平等之意, 如:
He -nied her to the theater.
他陪她去剧院。

(2)

attend 意为“随侍”、“随从” 等解, 如:
Some students attended Prof. Jones on a field trip.
一些学生随琼斯教授去野外郊游。

(3)

escort 和 convoy 意为“以警卫等身份陪伴”, 如:
This merchant ship was convoyed by a destroyer.
这艘商船由一驱逐舰护航。

(4)

escort 还指礼节上的”尊重或献殷勤”, 如:
He escorted a lady to a party.
他陪一位女士赴宴。
leave    

用法词典

accompany
ac-到+compagnon 同伴

英文相关词典

accompany
leave    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

accompany
伴随

美国传统词典

accompany
ac.com.pa.ny
AHD:[…-k?m“p…-n?, …-k?mp“n?]
D.J.[*6k(mp*ni8, *6k(mpni8]
K.K.[*6k(mp*ni, *6k(mpni]
v.
ac.com.pa.nied, ac.com.pa.ny.ing, ac.com.pa.nies
v.tr.

(1)

To be or go with as a companion.

(2)

To add to; supplement:
Wine accompanies the meal.

(3)

To coexist or occur with.

(4)

Music To perform an accompaniment to.
v.intr.
Music To play an accompaniment.

语源

(1)

Middle English accompanien

(2)

from Old French acompagnier

(3)

a- [to] from Latin ad- * see ad-

(4)

compaignon [companion] * see companion 1

参考词汇

(1)

accompany, conduct, escort, chaperon

(2)

These verbs are compared when they mean to be with or to go with another or others.

(3)

Accompany suggests going with another on an equal basis:
She went to Europe accompanied by her colleague.

(4)

Conduct implies guidance of others:
The usher conducted us to our seats.

(5)

Escort stresses protective guidance:
The picture shows the party chairperson escorting the candidate through the crowd.

(6)

Chaperon specifies adult supervision of young persons:
Teachers often chaperon their classes on field trips.

用法

(1)

It is traditionally claimed that the preposition to use with accompany in the passive should be by in the case of persons and with otherwise:
The candidate was accompanied by six burly bodyguards.
The salmon was accompanied with a delicious watercress salad.

(2)

However, by is quite commonly used in sentences of the second type, and the usage is grammatically defensible. The phrase introduced with by normally represents the subject of a related active sentence; thus, the sentence The salmon was accompanied by a delicious watercress salad is the unexceptional passive of the sentence A delicious watercress salad accompanied the salmon. By the same token, with can be used with persons when they are the instruments of an act of accompanying performed by someone else. We can say The Secret Service accompanied the candidate with six burly bodyguards, or we can use the passive The candidate was accompanied with six burly bodyguards (by the Secret Service). The choice between the two prepositions really depends on the intended sense. Although the traditional rule may serve as a guide to which sense is likely to feel the most natural, it should not be taken as a categorical stricture.

英汉船舶大词典

accompany
n.护送;n.伴随

英汉广播大词典

accompany
n.伴奏

英汉航海大词典

accompany
n.附有

英汉航空大词典

accompany
n.陪同,伴随

英汉化学大词典

accompany
n.陪,伴奏;vt.伴随,陪同,与...同时发生

英汉海运大词典

accompany
伴随

基本词义

accompany
陪,伴,护送

基本词义

accompany
伴随,陪伴,护送

英汉经贸大词典

accompany
n.附有

英汉计算机大词典

accompany
vt.伴随(陪同,与...同时发生)

英汉建筑大词典

accompany
vt.伴随

英汉水利大词典

accompany
n.伴随,伴生,陪同

英汉中医大词典

accompany
n.夹有,兼有,伴随

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