简明英汉词典

abuse
[E5bju:z]
n.
滥用, 虐待, 辱骂, 陋习, 弊端
v.
滥用, 虐待, 辱骂

美国传统词典[双解]

abuse
a.buse
AHD:[…-by?z“]
D.J.[*6bju8z]
K.K.[*6bjuz]
v.tr.(及物动词)
a.buseda.bus.inga.bus.es

(1)

To use wrongly or improperly; misuse.
乱用,滥用:错误或不适当使用;误用

(2)

To hurt or injure by maltreatment; ill-use.
虐待,伤害:因虐待而造成受伤或伤害;苛待

(3)

To assail with contemptuous, coarse, or insulting words; revile.
辱骂,毁谤:用蔑视、粗俗或侮辱性的话攻击;谩骂

(4)

Obsolete To deceive or trick.
【废语】 欺骗,戏弄
n.(名词)
AHD:[…-by?s“]

(1)

Improper use or handling; misuse:
误用:不正确的使用或处理;误用:
drug abuse.
误用药品

(2)

Physical maltreatment:
虐待,伤害:身体上的虐待:
spousal abuse.
虐待配偶

(3)

A corrupt practice or custom:
陋习,弊端:腐化的实践或习惯:
abuse of power.
职权的弊端

(4)

Insulting or coarse language:
谩骂:侮辱性的或粗俗的言语:
verbal abuse.
污言秽语

语源

(1)

Middle English abusen
中古英语 abusen

(2)

from Old French abuser
源自 古法语 abuser

(3)

from abus [improper use]
源自 abus [滥用]

(4)

from Latin ab?s [past participle of] ab?to [to misuse]
源自 拉丁语 ab?s [] ab?to的过去分词 [错用]

(5)

ab- [away] * see ab- 1
ab- [离开] *参见 ab-1?o} [to use] ?o} [使用]

继承用法

abuser
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

abusemisusemistreatill-treatmaltreat

(2)

These verbs mean to treat a person or thing wrongfully, incorrectly, or harmfully.
这些动词指错误地、不正确地或伤害性地对待某人或某事。

(3)

Abuse applies to injurious, improper, or unreasonable treatment:
Abuse 指伤害性的、不正当的或无理的对待方式:
“We abuse land because we regard it as a commodity belonging to us” (Aldo Leopold).
“我们滥用土地,因为我们把它当作属于自己的商品” (阿尔多·利奥普特)。

(4)

Misuse stresses incorrect or unknowledgeable handling:
Misuse 强调不正确的或无知的处理方式:
“How often misused words generate misleading thoughts” (Herbert Spencer).
“有多少次错误的用词导致了将人引入歧途的思想” (赫尔伯特·斯宾塞)。

(5)

Mistreat,
Mistreat,

(6)

ill-treat, and
ill-treat

(7)

maltreat all share the sense of inflicting injury, often intentionally, as through malice:
maltreat 都含怀有恶意而故意造成折磨性伤害的意思:
“I had seen many more patients die from being mistreated for consumption than from consumption itself” (Earl of Lytton).
“我看到很多病人死于结核病,但更多的人却因被误诊为结核病而死亡” (林德爵士)。
The army of occupation had orders not to ill-treat the local citizenry.
占领军被命令不得迫害当地居民。
“When we misuse [a language other than our native language], we are in fact trying to reduce its element of foreignness.
“当我们误用时,我们事实上是在试图减少它的外来成分。
We let ourselves maltreat it as though it naturally belonged to us” (Manchester Guardian Weekly).
我们就象对待自己的东西那样误用它” (曼彻斯特守护者周刊)

现代英汉词典

abuse
[E5bju:z]
vt.
abused, abusing

(1)

辱骂

(2)

滥用;妄用;误用
to abuse a privilege
滥用特权

(3)

虐待;酷待
to abuse a horse
虐待一匹马

词性变化

abuse
[E5bju:s]
n.

(1)

辱骂;凌辱
A stream of abuse came from his lips.
他说了一些粗话。

(2)

滥用;妄用
the abuse of privilege
滥用特权

(3)

虐待
subject a child to abuse
虐待小孩

(4)

恶习;不正当行为;弊端
reform social of abuses
改良社会恶习

现代英汉综合大辞典

abuse
[E5bju:z]
vt.

(1)

滥用(职权等), 妄用

(2)

辱骂; 污蔑

(3)

[古]虐待

(4)

手淫
abuse one's privilege
滥用特权
abuse a friend
辱骂朋友
abuse oneself
犯手淫
I'll not abuse your hospitality, your kindness.
我不会辜负你的热情招待和好意。

词性变化

abuse
[E5bju:z]
n.
[E5bju:s]

(1)

滥用, 妄用

(2)

辱骂, 讲坏话

(3)

[常用复]弊病, 弊端, 恶习

(4)

[古]虐待

(5)

强奸

(6)

机械损伤; 违反操作规程
a word of abuse
骂人话
a crying abuse
急应革除的恶习或弊病
abuse of distress
【律】擅自使用扣押或查抄的财产
reform social abuses
改革社会恶习
abuse of process
【律】合乎法律程序的违法行为
They gave me much abuse for no fault.
他们无缘无故地大骂我。
He greeted me with a stream of abuse.
他迎面对我一顿痛骂。

用法词典

abuse
中古英语abusen<古法语abuser<拉丁语abusus
英文相关词典

abuse
damage    ill-use    injure    mistreat    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

abuse
滥用

美国传统词典

abuse
a.buse
AHD:[…-by?z“]
D.J.[*6bju8z]
K.K.[*6bjuz]
v.tr.
a.bused, a.bus.ing, a.bus.es

(1)

To use wrongly or improperly; misuse.

(2)

To hurt or injure by maltreatment; ill-use.

(3)

To assail with contemptuous, coarse, or insulting words; revile.

(4)

Obsolete To deceive or trick.
n.
AHD:[…-by?s“]

(1)

Improper use or handling; misuse:
drug abuse.

(2)

Physical maltreatment:
spousal abuse.

(3)

A corrupt practice or custom:
abuse of power.

(4)

Insulting or coarse language:
verbal abuse.

语源

(1)

Middle English abusen

(2)

from Old French abuser

(3)

from abus [improper use]

(4)

from Latin ab?s [past participle of] ab?to [to misuse]

(5)

ab- [away] * see ab- 1?o} [to use]

继承用法

abuser
n.

参考词汇

(1)

abuse, misuse, mistreat, ill-treat, maltreat

(2)

These verbs mean to treat a person or thing wrongfully, incorrectly, or harmfully.

(3)

Abuse applies to injurious, improper, or unreasonable treatment:
“We abuse land because we regard it as a commodity belonging to us” (Aldo Leopold).

(4)

Misuse stresses incorrect or unknowledgeable handling:
“How often misused words generate misleading thoughts” (Herbert Spencer).

(5)

Mistreat,

(6)

ill-treat, and

(7)

maltreat all share the sense of inflicting injury, often intentionally, as through malice:
“I had seen many more patients die from being mistreated for consumption than from consumption itself” (Earl of Lytton).
The army of occupation had orders not to ill-treat the local citizenry.
“When we misuse [a language other than our native language], we are in fact trying to reduce its element of foreignness.
We let ourselves maltreat it as though it naturally belonged to us” (Manchester Guardian Weekly).

英汉船舶大词典

abuse
n.违反操作规程,不遵守运行规程,滥用

英汉地质大词典

abuse
n.违章操作,滥用

英汉法学大词典

abuse
v.滥用

英汉纺织大词典

abuse
n.违反操作规程,违反操作规程,不遵守运行规程,滥用

英汉化学大词典

abuse
vt.滥用,诋毁;n.滥用,恶习,机械损伤,违反使用规程

英汉计算机大词典

abuse
vt.滥用(诋毁);n.滥用(恶习)

英汉机械大词典

abuse
n.违反操作规程,不遵守运行规程

英汉建筑大词典

abuse
n.机械损坏,滥用

英汉能源大词典

abuse
n.违章操作,滥用

英汉水利大词典

abuse
n.滥用,机械损伤,违反操作规程

英汉心理学大词典

abuse
妄用

英汉冶金大词典

abuse
n.误用

英汉医学大词典

abuse
n.滥用

英汉中医大词典

abuse
n.监用,恶习

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