简明英汉词典

abstinence
[5AbstinEns]
n.
节制, 节欲, 戒酒

美国传统词典[双解]

abstinence
ab.sti.nence
AHD:[2b“st…-n…ns]
D.J.[6#bst*n*ns]
K.K.[6#bst*n*ns]
n.(名词)

(1)

The act or practice of refraining from indulging an appetite, as for food.
节食:避免放纵欲望的行为或习惯,如食欲

(2)

Abstention from alcoholic beverages.
戒酒,控制饮酒

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French abstenance
源自 古法语 abstenance

(3)

from Latin abstinentia
源自 拉丁语 abstinentia

(4)

from abstin?s abstinent- [present participle of] abstin?re [to hold back] * see abstain
源自 abstin?s abstinent- [] abstin?re的现在分词 [抑制] *参见 abstain

继承用法

abstinent
adj.(形容词)

abstinently
adv.(副词)

参考词汇

(1)

abstinenceself-denialtemperancesobrietycontinence

(2)

These nouns refer to restraint of one's appetites or desires.
这些名词都表示控制食欲或欲望。

(3)

Abstinence implies the willful avoidance of pleasures, especially of food and drink, thought to be harmful or self-indulgent:
Abstinence 暗指自愿地节制饮食和饮酒这些被认为有害或自我放纵的东西:
“To many, total abstinence is easier than total moderation” (Saint Augustine).
“对许多人来说,完全适度比完全禁欲更难做到” (圣·奥古斯丁)。

(4)

Self-denial suggests resisting one's own desires for the achievement of a higher goal, such as the good of another person:
Self-denial 指为了实现一更高的目标,如为了他人的利益而控制自己的欲望:
She practiced self-denial in order to provide for her family's needs.
为了家人的需要,她克制着自己。

(5)

Temperance in its general sense refers to moderation and self-restraint (
Temperance 通常意义上指节制和自我控制:(
negotiations marked by the temperance of the participants),
参与各方都很克制的谈判),

(6)

sobriety to gravity in bearing, manner, or treatment (
sobriety 指在举止、方式和对待事物上严肃认真,(
sobriety of décor); both nouns denote moderation in or abstinence from the consumption of alcoholic liquor:
装饰的庄重); 两个名词都表示对酒制品消费的节制和戒除:
Teetotalers preach temperance for everyone.
完全戒酒者为每个人祈祷节制饮酒。
“Something can (has) been [sic] said for sobriety/but very little” (John Berryman).
“有些事可以(已经)被 称为有节度/但几乎不存在” (约翰·伯瑞曼)。

(7)

Continence specifically refers to abstention from sexual activity.
Continence 特指性生活上的节制

现代英汉词典

abstinence
[5AbstInEns]
n.

(1)

禁戒嗜好

(2)

节俭;省用

现代英汉综合大辞典

abstinence
[5AbstinEns]
n.

(1)

禁欲; 节制; 戒酒或其它嗜好

(2)

【经济】节约

(3)

【宗】禁食(如星期五禁食肉类)
Abstinence from alcoholic drinks is advisable.
戒饮烈性酒是有益的。

[七国语言]英汉医学大词典

abstinence
禁戒

美国传统词典

abstinence
ab.sti.nence
AHD:[2b“st…-n…ns]
D.J.[6#bst*n*ns]
K.K.[6#bst*n*ns]
n.

(1)

The act or practice of refraining from indulging an appetite, as for food.

(2)

Abstention from alcoholic beverages.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French abstenance

(3)

from Latin abstinentia

(4)

from abstin?s abstinent- [present participle of] abstin?re [to hold back] * see abstain

继承用法

abstinent
adj.

abstinently
adv.

参考词汇

(1)

abstinence, self-denial, temperance, sobriety, continence

(2)

These nouns refer to restraint of one's appetites or desires.

(3)

Abstinence implies the willful avoidance of pleasures, especially of food and drink, thought to be harmful or self-indulgent:
“To many, total abstinence is easier than total moderation” (Saint Augustine).

(4)

Self-denial suggests resisting one's own desires for the achievement of a higher goal, such as the good of another person:
She practiced self-denial in order to provide for her family's needs.

(5)

Temperance in its general sense refers to moderation and self-restraint (
negotiations marked by the temperance of the participants),

(6)

sobriety to gravity in bearing, manner, or treatment (
sobriety of décor); both nouns denote moderation in or abstinence from the consumption of alcoholic liquor:
Teetotalers preach temperance for everyone.
“Something can (has) been [sic] said for sobriety/but very little” (John Berryman).

(7)

Continence specifically refers to abstention from sexual activity.

[名词委审定]英汉心理学名词(1999)

abstinence
戒瘾

[名词委审定]英汉医学名词(四, 心血管病学等, 1996)

abstinence
戒瘾

英汉航海大词典

abstinence
n.节制,忍欲

英汉化学大词典

abstinence
n.节制

英汉经贸大词典

abstinence
n.节制,忍欲

英汉计算机大词典

abstinence
n.节制

英汉建筑大词典

abstinence
n.节制

英汉能源大词典

abstinence
n.节制

英汉心理学大词典

abstinence
禁戒

英汉医学大词典

abstinence
n.节制,戒酒

英汉中医大词典

abstinence
n.节制,禁戒

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