简明英汉词典

absent
[5AbsEnt]
adj.
不在的, 缺席的, 缺少的
vt.
缺席

美国传统词典[双解]

absent
ab.sent
AHD:[2b“s…nt]
D.J.[6#bs*nt]
K.K.[6#bs*nt]
adj.Abbr. abs., a, a.(形容词)缩写 abs.aa.

(1)

Not present; missing:
不在场的;缺席的:
absent friends; absent parents.
远方的朋友;远方的父母

(2)

Not existent; lacking:
不存在的;缺乏的:
a country in which morality is absent.
一个缺乏道德的国家

(3)

Exhibiting or feeling inattentiveness:
心不在焉的,不在意的:表现出或感觉到不专心的:
an absent nod.
心不在焉地点了一下头
v.tr.(及物动词)
ab.sent.edab.sent.ingab.sents[2b-sμnt“]
To keep (oneself) away:
离开,不在场:
They absented themselves from the debate.
辩论时他们不在场
prep.(介词)
Without:
没有,缺乏:
“Absent a legislative fix, this is an invitation for years of litigation”(Brian E. O'Neill)
“没有一个明确的法令,这是引起这些年讼争的原因”(布赖恩E.奥涅尔)

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Latin abs?s absent- [present participle of] abesse [to be away]
源自 拉丁语 abs?s absent- [] abesse的现在分词 [远离]

(4)

abs-, ab- [away] * see ab- 1
abs-, ab- [远离的] *参见 ab-1

(5)

esse [to be] * see es-
esse [是] *参见 es-

继承用法

absently
adv.(副词)

现代英汉词典

absent
[5AbsEnt]
adj.

(1)

缺席的;不在场的
He is absent on business.
他因事缺席。
He is absent from Hong Kong.
他不在香港。

(2)

漫不经心的;心不在焉的;茫然的
He looked at me in an absent way.
他茫然地望着我。

词性变化

absent
[Ab5sent]
vt.
不在;缺席
Why did you absent yourself from school yesterday?
昨天你为何不到校?

现代英汉综合大辞典

absent
[5AbsEnt]
adj.

(1)

缺席, 不在

(2)

不关心的, 心不在焉的

(3)

不存在的; 没有
He was absent from the meeting.
他今天开会缺席。
She had an absent look on her face.
她看起来心不在焉。
Snow is absent in some countries.
有些国家不下雪。

词性变化

absent
vt.
[Ab5sent] 缺席, 不在

继承用法

absentation
[7AbsEn5teiFEn]
n.

absenter
n.

absentness
n.

absently
[5Abs(E)ntlI]
adv.

习惯用语

Long absent, soon forgotten.
[谚]别久情疏。

absent oneself from
缺席, 不在

用法词典

absent
ab-不在,离开+拉丁词根esse存在=缺席的

英文相关词典

absent
away    lacking    truant    present    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

absent
不在的

美国传统词典

absent
ab.sent
AHD:[2b“s…nt]
D.J.[6#bs*nt]
K.K.[6#bs*nt]
adj.Abbr. abs., a, a.

(1)

Not present; missing:
absent friends; absent parents.

(2)

Not existent; lacking:
a country in which morality is absent.

(3)

Exhibiting or feeling inattentiveness:
an absent nod.
v.tr.
ab.sent.ed, ab.sent.ing, ab.sents[2b-sμnt“]
To keep (oneself) away:
They absented themselves from the debate.
prep.
Without:
“Absent a legislative fix, this is an invitation for years of litigation”(Brian E. O'Neill)

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Latin abs?s absent- [present participle of] abesse [to be away]

(4)

abs-, ab- [away] * see ab- 1

(5)

esse [to be] * see es-

继承用法

absently
adv.

英汉船舶大词典

absent
n.缺席

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

absent
【修】缺席,不在场

英汉法学大词典

absent
adj.失踪

英汉化学大词典

absent
adj.不存在的;vt.离开

英汉计算机大词典

absent
adj.不存在的;vt.离开

英汉心理学大词典

absent
mindedness:茫然

基本词义

absent
mindedness:心不在焉

基本词义

absent
minded:失神

英汉医学大词典

absent
n.缺乏的

英汉中医大词典

absent
n.失神的,缺乏的

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