简明英汉词典

above
[E5bQv]
adj.
上面的, 上述的, 上文的
adv.
在上面
prep.
在...上方, 过于, 超出

美国传统词典[双解]

above
a.bove
AHD:[…-b?v“]
D.J.[*6b(v]
K.K.[*6b(v]
adv.(副词)

(1)

On high; overhead:
在高处;在头之上:
the clouds above.
天上的云彩

(2)

In heaven; heavenward.
在天上;朝向天空

(3)

Upstairs:
在楼上:
a table in the dining room above.
楼上餐厅的一张桌子

(4)

To a degree that is over zero:
零度以上:
15= above.
零上十五度

(5)

In or to a higher place.
更高地:在或到一个更高的位置

(6)

In an earlier part of a given text:
上文地:特定课文前面部分地:
“The problems cited above have led to a number of suggestions for reform”(Wharton Magazine)
“前面所引用的问题引起许多关于改革的建议”(沃顿杂志)

(7)

In or to a higher rank or position:
在上,以上:在或上升到一更高的地位或位置:
the ranks of major and above.
少校官阶或比其更高的官阶
prep.(介词)

(1)

Over or higher than:
在…之上,比…更高:
a cool spring above the timberline.
林木线以上清凉泉水

(2)

Superior to in rank, position, or number; greater than:
高于,先于,优于:在级别、位置或数量上占优势;比…更大:
put principles above expediency.
原则高于权宜

(3)

Beyond the level or reach of:
超越:超过…的水平或延伸程度:
a shot that was heard above the music.
枪声掩盖了音乐

(4)

In preference to.
偏好,优先

(5)

Too honorable to bend to:
不屑于:太自尊而不屈从:
I am above petty intrigue.
我不屑于耍心机

(6)

More than:
比…更多:
somewhat above normal temperature.
比正常温度略高
n.Usage Problem (名词)【用法疑难】
An earlier part of a given text:
上文,前文:课文的前面部分:
Refer to the above for that information.
关于那条信息请参照上文
adj.(形容词)
Appearing earlier in the same text:
上述的,前述的:出现在特定课文前面的:
flaws in the above interpretation.
上述解释的不足之处

语源

(1)

Middle English aboven
中古英语 aboven

(2)

from Old English abufan
源自 古英语 abufan

(3)

a- [on] * see a- 2
a- [在…之上] *参见 a-2

(4)

b?n [above] * see upo
b?n [在…之上] *参见 upo

用法
The use of above as an adjective or noun in referring to a preceding text is most common in business and legal writing. In general writing its use as an adjective (the above figures ) was accepted by a majority of the Usage Panel in an earlier survey, but its use as a noun (read the above ) was accepted by only a minority.
这种above 用作形容词或名词指代上文的用法在商业和法律文件中是最常见的。 在平常的书面语中,用作形容词(上面的数据 )是被大部分用法小组的人员所肯定, 但用作名词(读上文 )却只被极少数人所接受

现代英汉词典

above
[E5bQv]
prep.

(1)

在…之上;超过
He is above reproach.
他是无可责难的。
Tom is above average in his lessons.
汤姆的成绩高于平均水平。

(2)

胜于
A miser loves gold above his life.
一个守财奴爱财胜过生命。

(3)

不屑
He is above taking profits for himself.
他不屑为自己谋利。

习惯用语

above all
首先;尤其;最重要的是
Above all, I love Tchaikovsky.
首先,我喜欢柴可夫斯基。

above oneself
过于自信,自负

词性变化

above
adv.

(1)

在上面;向上
the clouds above
天上的云

(2)

在上文;在前文
the facts mentioned above
上文提到的事

(3)

更多;更高
40 and above
40和40以上
He is above me in the class.
在班上他比我强。

above
adj.
上面的;上述的
The above (articles) are of no interest to us at present.
我们对以上各项(商品)目前均无兴趣。

above
n.

(1)

(前面与the连用)

(2)

上文,上面提到的事

(3)

上面提到的人

现代英汉综合大辞典

above
[E5bQv]
prep.

(1)

在...之上

(2)

高于, 超过, 胜过, 在...以上, 多于, 大于, 重于

(3)

难于..., 不屑于...
We were flying above the clouds.
我们在云层上飞行。
A soldier should value honour above life.
战士应该把荣誉看得高于生命。A-200
people attended the meeting. 200
多人出席了会议。
It is above comprehension.
那是难于理解的。
He is above taking profits for himself.
他不屑为自己谋私利。

词性变化

above
adv.

(1)

在上面, 上方

(2)

在上文

(3)

在上游

(4)

在天上
My bedroom is just above.
我的寝室在上面。
See the examples given above.
看前面举的例子。

above
adj.
上面的, 上述的
n.

(1)

上面, 上述

(2)

上级

(3)

【宗】上天

习惯用语

be above
不易受到..., 不屑于, 超出...之外

be above sth
不易受到..., 不屑于, 超出...之外

from above
自高处, 自上级

above and beyond
大于; 多于; 远于

above oneself
[口]自高自大, 自命不凡; 情绪不正常, 无法控制自己

参考词汇
over    

用法词典

above
中古英语 above, aboven<古英语 abufan

英文相关词典

above
aloft    on    overhead    up    upon    below    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

above
在上面

美国传统词典

above
a.bove
AHD:[…-b?v“]
D.J.[*6b(v]
K.K.[*6b(v]
adv.

(1)

On high; overhead:
the clouds above.

(2)

In heaven; heavenward.

(3)

Upstairs:
a table in the dining room above.

(4)

To a degree that is over zero:
15= above.

(5)

In or to a higher place.

(6)

In an earlier part of a given text:
“The problems cited above have led to a number of suggestions for reform”(Wharton Magazine)

(7)

In or to a higher rank or position:
the ranks of major and above.
prep.

(1)

Over or higher than:
a cool spring above the timberline.

(2)

Superior to in rank, position, or number; greater than:
put principles above expediency.

(3)

Beyond the level or reach of:
a shot that was heard above the music.

(4)

In preference to.

(5)

Too honorable to bend to:
I am above petty intrigue.

(6)

More than:
somewhat above normal temperature.
n.Usage Problem
An earlier part of a given text:
Refer to the above for that information.
adj.
Appearing earlier in the same text:
flaws in the above interpretation.

语源

(1)

Middle English aboven

(2)

from Old English abufan

(3)

a- [on] * see a- 2

(4)

b?n [above] * see upo

用法
The use of above as an adjective or noun in referring to a preceding text is most common in business and legal writing. In general writing its use as an adjective (the above figures ) was accepted by a majority of the Usage Panel in an earlier survey, but its use as a noun (read the above ) was accepted by only a minority.

英汉地质大词典

above
n.上游

英汉法学大词典

above
adj.以上

英汉航空大词典

above
n.在...之上

英汉化学大词典

above
prep.高于,在...之上,超过;adv.以上,上面

英汉海运大词典

above
在……上(气导)

基本词义

above
在…之上上游,涨潮的方向

基本词义

above
在上面以上上述在上游,在涨潮的方向

基本词义

above
上游,涨潮的方向

基本词义

above
上面的,上述的在上面,以上上述(位置)在……上面(数量)在……以上

英汉计算机大词典

above
prep.高于(在...之上,超过);adv.以上(上面)

英汉建筑大词典

above
n.在上,上方,上游

英汉中医大词典

above
n.在...上面,赣?胜于

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