简明英汉词典

about
[5Ebaut]
adv.
附近, 大约, 转向, 左右, 周围
prep.
在附近, 关于, 在...周围, 忙于

美国传统词典[双解]

about
a.bout
AHD:[…-bout“]
D.J.[*6baut]
K.K.[*6ba&t]
adv.Abbr. a., ab., abt.(副词)缩写 a.ab.abt.

(1)

Approximately; nearly:
相近;将近:
The interview lasted about an hour.
面试延续了近一个小时

(2)

Almost:
差不多,几乎:
The job is about done.
工作差不多要完成了

(3)

To a reversed position or direction:
沿反方向:到一相反的位置或方向:
Turn about and walk away slowly.
转过身慢慢地走开

(4)

In no particular direction:
到处,各处:没有确定方向地:
wandering about with no place to go.
四处漂泊,无处可去

(5)

All around; on every side:
四周;各个方向:
Let's look about for help.
让我们四处寻求帮助

(6)

In the area or vicinity; near:
在近处,附近:在一地区或附近;近旁:
spoke to a few spectators standing about.
和站在附近的围观者交谈

(7)

In succession; one after another:
连续;接二连三:
Turn about is fair play.
按顺序来是公平的
prep.(介词)

(1)

On all sides of; surrounding:
在…四周;环绕:
I found an English garden all about me.
在我四周环绕着一个英式花园

(2)

In the vicinity of; around:
在…附近;靠近:
explored the rivers and streams about the estate.
探究地产周围的河流和小溪

(3)

Almost the same as; close to; near.
差不多一样;相近;接近

(4)

In reference to; relating to; concerned with:
关于:关于…;关系到;相关:
a book about snakes; objectivity—a part of what biography is about.
一本关于蛇的书;客观--是传记所力求的一部分

(5)

In the act or process of:
行动中,进程中:在…行动或进程中:
While you're about it, please clean your room.
趁你正在清理,请打扫一下你的房间

(6)

In the possession or innate character of:
身上,性格中:在…身上或性格中:
Keep your wits about you.
你要长点心眼

(7)

Ready or prepared to do something:
准备做,预备做:准备或预备做某事:
The chorus is about to sing.
合唱团就要开始唱了

(8)

Usage Problem Used with a negative to indicate strong intention:
【用法疑难】 根本就:和否定式连用表示很强的意向:
I am not about to concede the point.
我一点也不认同这个观点
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Moving here and there; astir:
四处活动的;运动的:
The patient is up and about.
病人已能活动

(2)

Being in evidence or existence:
显著的,存在的:
Rumors are about concerning his resignation.
谣传说他要辞职

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English onb?n
源自 古英语 onb?n

(3)

on [in] * see on
on [在…里面] *参见 on

(4)

b?n [outside] * see ud-
b?n [在…外面] *参见 ud-

用法

(1)

The construction not about to is often used to express determination:
该结构not about to 常用来表示决定:
We are not about to negotiate with terrorists.
我们是不会和恐怖分子谈判的。

(2)

A majority of the Usage Panel considers this usage acceptable in speech but not in formal writing. · About is traditionally used to refer to the relation between a narrative and its subject:
用法小组大部分人员都认为在口语中可这样用,但在正式书面语中却不行。About 传统上用来指一叙事与其主题的关系:
a book about Cézanne,
一本关于塞尚的书;
a movie about the Boston Massacre.
一部关于波士顿大屠杀的电影。

(3)

This use has lately been extended to refer to the relation between various nonlinguistic entities and the things they make manifest, as in The party was mostly about showing off their new offices or His designs are about the use of rough-textured materials. This practice probably originates with the expression That's what it's all about and may partly reflect implicit deference to the postmodern doctrine that every social artifact and activity can be regarded as a text subject to interpretation. But the usage is still too voguish to have won general acceptance; it is rejected by 59 percent of the Usage Panel in the example
这种用法现已被扩展到表示各种非语言作品和它所表现的事物之间的关系,比如在该政党大肆吹嘘他们的新官员 或 他的设计使用天然质地的原材料。 这种用法可能是源自这就是全部情况 的表示法,也许部分地反应了一种内在的区别:以后现代主义的观点来看,每一社会产物或活动都可视为需解释的一种主题。 但这种用法流行期太短暂而没有得到普遍的认可;百分之五十九的用法小组人员都认为下面的例子是不正确的:
A designer teapot isn't about making tea;
一个茶壶设计师不关心茶的制作;
it is about letting people know that you have a hundred dollars to spend on a teapot.
让人们知道你可花一百美元买一只茶壶

现代英汉词典

about
[E5baJt]
prep.

(1)

在…附近;在…周围
He lives somewhere about here.
他住在附近。
Tell me what has happened as it is; don't beat about the bush.
如实告诉我究竟怎么了,不要兜圈子。
(= around)

(2)

四周围绕着
to plant trees about the house
在房子四周植树
(= around)

(3)

关于;对于
Tell me something about your trip.
请告诉我一些关于你旅行的情况。
Later a neighbour told me about him.
后来的一位邻居跟我谈起了他。

(4)

忙于
What are you about?
你在忙什么呢?

词性变化

about
adv.

(1)

附近;在周围
He must be somewhere about.
他一定就在附近。
(= around)

(2)

大约;差不多
We need about 200 metric tons.
我们需要大约200吨。
The manager was about to leave when his secretary called him back.
经理快要离开时,他的秘书叫住了他。
Today there are about 900,000 American Indians.
美国现在有大约九十万印第安人。

about
adj.

(1)

在活动着的
She was up and about very early.
她很早就起来活动了。

(2)

存在着的;流通着的
plenty of money about
很多钱在流通

(3)

康复的
eager to be up and about again
渴望早日康复

现代英汉综合大辞典

about
[5Ebaut]
prep.

(1)

关于, 对于

(2)

在...附 近, 在...身边; 手头上, 近于...

(3)

在...前后, 在...周围

(4)

在...各处, 去...各处

(5)

从事于
tell sb. about sth.
告诉某人关于某事
He lives somewhere about here.
他住在附近。
It's about ten o'clock.
现在大约十点。
We planted trees about the house.
我们在房屋周围栽上树。
Show us about the school.
带领我们参观学校。
What are you about?
你在干什么?

词性变化

about
adv.

(1)

大约,几乎, 差不多

(2)

在附近, 在周围, 到处

(3)

传开, 流行

(4)

(转到)相反方向; 掉过头来

(5)

将近

(6)

正要; 准备

(7)

一个接一个地
He looked about.
他环顾四周。
The news is going about.
这消息正在传开。
Dinner is about ready.
中饭就要做好了。
The work is about finished.
这工作快做完了。
About turn!
向后转!

about
adj.

(1)

[作表语]流行, 传播

(2)

活动着

(3)

康复
Rumour is about.
谣言纷传。
Few people were about in the street.
街上的人很少。
The patient is up and about again.
病人已能起来走动了。
about-face [E5bautfeis]
n.
向后转; 转变态度; 变卦
vi.
[E9baut5feis] 向后转;改变主意[态度],变卦

继承用法

about-ship
[E9baJt`FIp]
vi.
【航海】改变航向

about-sledge
n.
(铁匠用的)大锤

about-turn
n., vi.
=about-face

习惯用语

all about
关于... 的一切; 到处, 各处

be about
已开始; 正忙着; 到处有(某种危险); 流行着; 弥漫着; 在附近; 可取得的; 买不到的; 流通中的

be about to do sth.
准备, 将要, 正打算

How about...?
怎么样了? 你看...怎么样?

That's about it.
差不多(就是这样)。

what about...
关于...如何

while you are [I am, he is] about it
在你[我, 他]做这件事的同时, 顺便

about and about
[美, 罕]差不多, 大致相同, 很相似

参考词汇
about     around     round    
作副词时都含“四处”、“遍地”的意思。

(1)

about 系常用词, 如:
look about
四处看。

(2)

around 具有 about 的基本意思, 因此 look about=look around, 但在下列短语里 around没有 about正式, 如:
travel around
各处旅行。

(3)

round 和 around在非正式用法中可以互换, 但一般用 round时更简练。在正式用语中, 一般用 round指“旋转”, 而用 around指“处处”, “到处”, 如:
She turned round at such a noise.
听到这样的吵声, 她回头看。
I have been looking for it all around.
我到处都找过了。

(4)

另外, 英国人用 round的地方, 美国人倾向于用 around,如:
[英] Winter comes round.
[美] Winter comes around.

用法词典

about
中古英语about, abouten<古英语 abutan

英文相关词典

about
almost    approximately    around    concerning    nearly    on the point of    upon    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

about
大约;在周围;关于;差不多

美国传统词典

about
a.bout
AHD:[…-bout“]
D.J.[*6baut]
K.K.[*6ba&t]
adv.Abbr. a., ab., abt.

(1)

Approximately; nearly:
The interview lasted about an hour.

(2)

Almost:
The job is about done.

(3)

To a reversed position or direction:
Turn about and walk away slowly.

(4)

In no particular direction:
wandering about with no place to go.

(5)

All around; on every side:
Let's look about for help.

(6)

In the area or vicinity; near:
spoke to a few spectators standing about.

(7)

In succession; one after another:
Turn about is fair play.
prep.

(1)

On all sides of; surrounding:
I found an English garden all about me.

(2)

In the vicinity of; around:
explored the rivers and streams about the estate.

(3)

Almost the same as; close to; near.

(4)

In reference to; relating to; concerned with:
a book about snakes; objectivity—a part of what biography is about.

(5)

In the act or process of:
While you're about it, please clean your room.

(6)

In the possession or innate character of:
Keep your wits about you.

(7)

Ready or prepared to do something:
The chorus is about to sing.

(8)

Usage Problem Used with a negative to indicate strong intention:
I am not about to concede the point.
adj.

(1)

Moving here and there; astir:
The patient is up and about.

(2)

Being in evidence or existence:
Rumors are about concerning his resignation.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English onb?n

(3)

on [in] * see on

(4)

b?n [outside] * see ud-

用法

(1)

The construction not about to is often used to express determination:
We are not about to negotiate with terrorists.

(2)

A majority of the Usage Panel considers this usage acceptable in speech but not in formal writing. · About is traditionally used to refer to the relation between a narrative and its subject:
a book about Cézanne,
a movie about the Boston Massacre.

(3)

This use has lately been extended to refer to the relation between various nonlinguistic entities and the things they make manifest, as in The party was mostly about showing off their new offices or His designs are about the use of rough-textured materials. This practice probably originates with the expression That's what it's all about and may partly reflect implicit deference to the postmodern doctrine that every social artifact and activity can be regarded as a text subject to interpretation. But the usage is still too voguish to have won general acceptance; it is rejected by 59 percent of the Usage Panel in the example
A designer teapot isn't about making tea;
it is about letting people know that you have a hundred dollars to spend on a teapot.

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

About
【SAA】关于

英汉航空大词典

about
n.关于,大约

英汉化学大词典

about
adv.大约,附近;prep.在...周围,关于

英汉海运大词典

about
掉抢

基本词义

about
大约在周围,在附近掉抢关于

英汉计算机大词典

about
adv.大约(附近);prep.在...周围(关于)

英汉医学大词典

about
n.在...周围,...附近

英汉中医大词典

about
n.在...周围,...附近

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