简明英汉词典

abolish
[E5bCliF]
vt.
废止, 废除(法律、制度、习俗等)

美国传统词典[双解]

abolish
a.bol.ish
AHD:[…-b?l“1sh]
D.J.[*6b%li.]
K.K.[*6b$l!.]
v.tr.(及物动词)
a.bol.isheda.bol.ish.inga.bol.ish.es

(1)

To do away with; annul.
废除;废止

(2)

To destroy completely.
完全毁坏,彻底破坏

语源

(1)

Middle English abolisshen
中古英语 abolisshen

(2)

from Old French abolir aboliss-
源自 古法语 abolir aboliss-

(3)

from Latin abol?e * see al- 2
源自 拉丁语 abol?e *参见 al- 2

继承用法

abolishable
adj.(形容词)

abolisher
n.(名词)

abolishment
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

abolishexterminateextinguishextirpateeradicateobliterate

(2)

These verbs mean to get rid of.
这些动词都表示除去,消除的意思。

(3)

Abolish applies only to doing away with conditions, practices, or regulations, not material things or persons:
Abolish 仅指消除状况、行为或条令,而不是物质或人:
The legislature passed a law to abolish the surtax.
立法机关通过了一项废除附加税的法令。

(4)

Exterminate suggests total destruction, as of living things, by a deliberate, selective method:
Exterminate 指用故意、有选择性的方式完全毁坏,如生物:
Entire peoples were exterminated in the concentration camps.
在集中营整个民族被迫害而灭亡。

(5)

Extinguish means to put out a flame or something likened to a flame:
Extinguish 指扑灭诸如火之类的事物:
Repeated rebuffs couldn't extinguish my enthusiasm.
我的热情不会因屡次的受责而减少。

(6)

Extirpate suggests effective destruction by removing roots or entrenched causes:
Extirpate 指用除去根或其他稳固的根源进行有效的破坏:
The police arrested dealers in an attempt to extirpate drug abuse.
在禁毒运动中警察逮捕了很多毒品交易者。

(7)

Eradicate shares the connotations of extirpate but stresses the resistance to dislodgment offered by the object:
Eradicate 有Extirpate 的含义,但强调物体所产生的抵抗:
Scientists are working to find a serum to eradicate the disease.
科学家试图发现一种血清来根治消除这种疾病。

(8)

Obliterate means to destroy so as to leave no trace:
Obliterate 指不留痕迹地破坏:
Amnesia mercifully obliterated his memory of the accident.
记忆丧失症幸运地抹掉了他关于那次事故的记忆

现代英汉词典

abolish
[E5bRlIF]
vt.
取消;废除;废止;革除
to abolish slavery
废除奴隶制

现代英汉综合大辞典

abolish
[E5bCliF]
vt.

(1)

取消, 废除(制度等)

(2)

完全破坏
abolish slavery
废除奴隶制
Bad customs should be abolished.
坏的风俗应当废除。

继承用法

abolishable
adj.

abolisher
n.

abolishment
n.

参考词汇
abolish    annul    extinguish    
都含“废除”或“取消”的意思。

(1)

abolish 指“消除长期存在的风俗、习惯”等, 如:
These superstitious practices should be abolished as soon as possible.
这些迷信做法应尽早取消。

(2)

annul 指“通过权势取消”、“宣告(法律、契约等)无效”, 如:
The judge annulled the contract because one of the signers was too young.
由于签署人中有一位年纪太轻, 法官宣告合同无效。

(3)

extinguish 指“用压服性的武力等手段使之毁灭”, 如:
You may extinguish a nation, but not the love of liberty.
你可以消灭一个国家, 但不能消灭对自由的热爱。
establish     uphold     validate    

英文相关词典

abolish
cancel    destroy    do away with    exterminate    put an end to    wipe out    establish    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

abolish
废除

美国传统词典

abolish
a.bol.ish
AHD:[…-b?l“1sh]
D.J.[*6b%li.]
K.K.[*6b$l!.]
v.tr.
a.bol.ished, a.bol.ish.ing, a.bol.ish.es

(1)

To do away with; annul.

(2)

To destroy completely.

语源

(1)

Middle English abolisshen

(2)

from Old French abolir aboliss-

(3)

from Latin abol?e * see al- 2

继承用法

abolishable
adj.

abolisher
n.

abolishment
n.

参考词汇

(1)

abolish, exterminate, extinguish, extirpate, eradicate, obliterate

(2)

These verbs mean to get rid of.

(3)

Abolish applies only to doing away with conditions, practices, or regulations, not material things or persons:
The legislature passed a law to abolish the surtax.

(4)

Exterminate suggests total destruction, as of living things, by a deliberate, selective method:
Entire peoples were exterminated in the concentration camps.

(5)

Extinguish means to put out a flame or something likened to a flame:
Repeated rebuffs couldn't extinguish my enthusiasm.

(6)

Extirpate suggests effective destruction by removing roots or entrenched causes:
The police arrested dealers in an attempt to extirpate drug abuse.

(7)

Eradicate shares the connotations of extirpate but stresses the resistance to dislodgment offered by the object:
Scientists are working to find a serum to eradicate the disease.

(8)

Obliterate means to destroy so as to leave no trace:
Amnesia mercifully obliterated his memory of the accident.

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

abolish
废除,取消

英汉法学大词典

abolish
v.废除 ,废止,革除

英汉化学大词典

abolish
vt.废除,取消,消除

英汉海运大词典

abolish
废除,取消

英汉计算机大词典

abolish
vt.废除(取消,消除)

英汉建筑大词典

abolish
vt.废止,取消,消除

现代商务英汉大词典

abolish
废除,取消

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004