简明英汉词典

ability
[E5biliti]
n.
能力, 才干

美国传统词典[双解]

ability
a.bil.i.ty
AHD:[…-b1l“1-t?]
D.J.[*6biliti8]
K.K.[*6b!l!ti]
n.(名词)
【复数】 a.bil.i.ties

(1)

The quality of being able to do something; the physical, mental, financial, or legal power to perform.
能力,资格:做某事的能力;去实施某事的体力、智力、经济或法律的力量

(2)

A natural or acquired skill or talent.
能耐,才能:天生的或后天获得的技巧或才能

语源

(1)

Middle English abilite
中古英语 abilite

(2)

from Old French habilite
源自 古法语 habilite

(3)

from Latin habilit3s
源自 拉丁语 habilit3s

(4)

from habilis [handy] * see able
源自 habilis [手灵巧的] *参见 able

参考词汇

(1)

abilitycapacityfacultytalentskillcompetenceaptitude

(2)

These nouns denote the qualities in a person that permit or facilitate achievement or accomplishment.
这些名词都表示某人具有取得进步或成功的素质。

(3)

Ability is the power, mental or physical, to do something:
Ability 是指智力或体力上具有做某事的能力:
“To make a fortune some assistance from fate is essential. Ability alone is insufficient” (Ihara Saikaku).
“要致富,光靠能力是不够的,还得看机遇” (伊哈拉·塞科古)。

(4)

Capacity refers to an innate potential for growth, development, or accomplishment:
Capacity 指天赋的,如生长、发展或成功的潜力:
“Not by age but by capacity is wisdom acquired” (Plautus).
“智慧的获得是依靠才能而不是年龄” (普洛提斯)。

(5)

Faculty denotes an inherent power or ability:
Faculty 指内在的力量或能力:
An unerring faculty for detecting hypocrisy is one of her most useful attributes.
能无误地看出伪善的能力是她身上最有用的特征之一。

(6)

Talent emphasizes inborn ability, especially in the arts:
Talent 强调天生的才能,尤其是在艺术方面:
“There is no substitute for talent. Industry and all the virtues are of no avail” (Aldous Huxley).
“勤奋及其他的品质都不能弥补天分的不足” (阿尔多斯·赫胥黎)。

(7)

Skill stresses ability that is acquired or developed through experience:
Skill 强调由经验而获得或发展的能力:
“The intellect, character and skill possessed by any man are the product of certain original tendencies and the training which they have received” (Edward L. Thorndike).
“任何人的知识、性格和能力都是由起初的兴趣加上后来接受的训练而得到的。” (爱德华L·桑戴克)。

(8)

Competence suggests the ability to do something satisfactorily but not necessarily outstandingly well:
Competence 指能做到使人满意但并不一定特别出众的能力:
The concerto was performed by a violinist of unquestioned competence but limited imagination.
小提琴家所演奏的协奏曲毫无疑问是出色的,但是缺乏想像力。

(9)

Aptitude implies inherent capacity for learning, understanding, or performing:
Aptitude 暗指内在的学习、理解和表演的才能:
Even as a child he showed an unusual aptitude for mathematics.
甚至孩童时他就显露出非同一般的数学才能

现代英汉词典

ability
[E5bIlItI]
n.
-ties

(1)

能力;本领;才能
ability to pay
支付能力
We found him work more suited to his abilities.
我们为他找到了更容易发挥他才能的工作。

(2)

天才
great musical ability
伟大的音乐天才

现代英汉综合大辞典

ability
[E5biliti]
n.

(1)

能, 能力(特别如体力、 脑力或法律能力等)

(2)

本领, 技能, 技巧

(3)

才能, 天才

(4)

性能

(5)

效率
abstract ability
抽象能力
academic ability
学习能力, 研究能力
a man of ability
有本事的人
ability in music
音乐天才

习惯用语

to the best of one's ability
竭尽全力

特殊用法

absorbing ability
吸收能力[本领]

adhesive ability
粘附能力

aerobatic ability
(飞机)做特技的能力

anti-cracking ability
抗裂性能[能力]

antijamming ability
反[抗]干扰能力

antioxidant ability
抗氧化能力

artistic ability
艺术才能

ascending ability
上升[增长]能力

athletic ability
运动能力

atmospheric-braking ability
【宇】大气减速能力

braking ability
刹车效能

brush ability
(画笔)作画性能

burst-correcting ability
纠正突发错误能力

business enterprises' ability of self-financing
企业自筹资金能力

carrying ability
载重量, 载弹量; 承载能力

cation exchange ability
阳离子交换能力

cold-starting ability
低温起动能力

combining ability
【遗】配合力

competitive saprophytic ability
腐生植物竞争能力

course keeping ability
航向保持能力

cushioning ability
减震能力

cutting ability
切削能力

debt paying ability
偿债能力

defense penetration ability
突防能力, 防空突破能力

disintegrating ability
分裂本领

emissing ability
发射能力, 发射率

erasing ability
消磁[消迹]能力

fermentation ability
发酵(能)力

film forming ability
成膜能力

foaming ability
发泡能力; 发泡性

full-scale attack ability
最大攻击能力

gassing ability
气体生成能力

general mental ability
一般心理(智力)能力

germination ability
发芽(能)力

grade ability
爬坡能力

handling ability
处理能力

harden ability
可淬(硬)性; 淬透性

information extraction ability
信息提取能力[率]

infrared emissing ability
红外发射能力[率]

inhibiting ability
抑制能力, 抗氧化能力

insulating ability
绝缘能力

interchange ability
(可)互换性

job performing ability
履行职务能力

lasing ability
光激射率, 光激射能力

light-gathering ability
聚光力

linguistic ability
语言能力

lubricating ability
润滑能力

maintain ability
可维修[维护]性

market ability
可销性

mixed ability
混合能力

numerical ability
计数能力

penetration survival ability
安全突防能力

pilot takeover ability
(自动装置有故障时)飞行员接过操纵能力

professional ability
业务能力

profit ability
收益能力

quicksilver ability
无孔不入的穿插能力

radar detection and tracking ability
雷达的探测跟踪能力

random-error-correcting ability
随机误差校正能力

range ability
(被调制的)幅度变化范围; 航程, 飞行距离

recognizing ability
认识功能

reducing ability
还原能力

reflecting ability
反射能力

reserve tractive ability
储备牵引能力

resolving ability
分辨[鉴别; 解算]能力

running ability
运转能力

seagoing [seakeeping]ability
适航性能

seek-and-kill ability
(对目标的)搜索杀伤能力

self-purification ability
自净能力

service ability
工作[维修]能力

shock-resisting ability
冲击应力, 抗冲击性能

signal detection ability
信号鉴别(能)力

slice ability
可切片性能

soil-suspending ability
悬污能力

speed ability
速度性能[范围]; 最大飞行速度

stabilizing ability
安定性, 稳定性

tackifying ability
粘着能力

take-off ability
起飞性能

tracking ability
循迹能力

tractive ability
牵引力, 拉力

turning ability
车削性能

vibration ability
振动能力

weight-lifting ability
起重能力

wetting ability
润湿能力

working ability
加工[工作]能力

ability of faculty theory
能力说(美国学者塞利 格曼所创, 主张纳税以负担能力为分配标准)

ability of mental arithmetic
心算能力

ability of thinking
思维能力

ability to bargain
议价能力

ability to compete
竞争能力

ability to cure
固化能力

ability to dismantle
拆卸能力[技能, 性能]

ability to distinguish between multiple targets
【无】对多目标的分辨能力

ability to invest
投资能力

ability to pay basis
负税能力基准

英文相关词典

ability
aptitude    capability    capacity    competence    efficiency    power    skill    talent    disability    inability    incapability    incapacity    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

ability
能力;才能

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

ability
能力

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

ability
能力

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

ability
力, 能力

美国传统词典

ability
a.bil.i.ty
AHD:[…-b1l“1-t?]
D.J.[*6biliti8]
K.K.[*6b!l!ti]
n.
pl. a.bil.i.ties

(1)

The quality of being able to do something; the physical, mental, financial, or legal power to perform.

(2)

A natural or acquired skill or talent.

语源

(1)

Middle English abilite

(2)

from Old French habilite

(3)

from Latin habilit3s

(4)

from habilis [handy] * see able

参考词汇

(1)

ability, capacity, faculty, talent, skill, competence, aptitude

(2)

These nouns denote the qualities in a person that permit or facilitate achievement or accomplishment.

(3)

Ability is the power, mental or physical, to do something:
“To make a fortune some assistance from fate is essential. Ability alone is insufficient” (Ihara Saikaku).

(4)

Capacity refers to an innate potential for growth, development, or accomplishment:
“Not by age but by capacity is wisdom acquired” (Plautus).

(5)

Faculty denotes an inherent power or ability:
An unerring faculty for detecting hypocrisy is one of her most useful attributes.

(6)

Talent emphasizes inborn ability, especially in the arts:
“There is no substitute for talent. Industry and all the virtues are of no avail” (Aldous Huxley).

(7)

Skill stresses ability that is acquired or developed through experience:
“The intellect, character and skill possessed by any man are the product of certain original tendencies and the training which they have received” (Edward L. Thorndike).

(8)

Competence suggests the ability to do something satisfactorily but not necessarily outstandingly well:
The concerto was performed by a violinist of unquestioned competence but limited imagination.

(9)

Aptitude implies inherent capacity for learning, understanding, or performing:
Even as a child he showed an unusual aptitude for mathematics.

[名词委审定]英汉心理学名词(1999)

ability
能力

英汉船舶大词典

ability
n.能,能力,能力

英汉电力大词典

ability
n.能力,性能

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

ability
能力;性能;效率;才能,技能

英汉电信大词典

ability
n.能力,本领

英汉法学大词典

ability
n.能力,能

英汉纺织大词典

ability
n.性能,效率,能力,能力

英汉航海大词典

ability
n.能力,技能

英汉航空大词典

ability
n.能力,本领;n.能力,才能

英汉化学大词典

ability
n.能力,性能,效率

英汉海运大词典

ability
性能,能力

英汉经贸大词典

ability
n.能力,技能,效率,能力,性能,效率

英汉计算机大词典

ability
n.能力(性能,效率

英汉机械大词典

ability
n.能力

英汉建筑大词典

ability
n.能力,性能,效率

英汉能源大词典

ability
n.能力

英汉水利大词典

ability
n.能力,性能,技能

英汉贸易大词典

ability
工作能力,工作能量

英汉心理学大词典

ability
能力

基本词义

ability
task

现代商务英汉大词典

ability
工作能力,工作能量

英汉冶金大词典

ability
n.能力,本领

英汉中医大词典

ability
n.能,能力,才能

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