简明英汉词典

yes
[jes]
adv.
n.是

美国传统词典[双解]

yes
yes
AHD:[yμs]
D.J.[jes]
K.K.[jWs]
adv.(副词)
It is so; as you say or ask. Used to express affirmation, agreement, positive confirmation, or consent.
是:是这样;如你所说或你所问。用来表达确信、同意、明确的证实或赞成
n.(名词)
【复数】 yes.es

(1)

An affirmative or consenting reply.
是:确定或赞同的回答

(2)

An affirmative vote or voter.
赞成票或投赞成票者
v.tr.(及物动词)
yessedyes.singyes.es
To give an affirmative reply to.
说“是”:给…以肯定答复

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English g?e [so be it!]
源自 古英语 g?e [是这样!]

(3)

probably g?a [so] * see i-
可能为 g?a [这样] *参见 i-

(4)

soe [may it be so] * see es-
soe [但愿如此] *参见 es-

注释
The word yes is a good example of how an ordinary and frequently used word can have a complex etymology. We can trace yes back to two Indo-European roots, .i-, a pronominal stem, and .es-, “to be.” From two extended forms of .i-, .y3m and .y3, came the prehistoric Common Germanic forms .j3} and jai, which gave us Old English ge3, an affirmative particle, the source of Modern English yea. The Indo-European root .es- is the source of our forms am and is. From the stem .so- used to make verb forms in the optative mood, a mood used to express a wish, came the Germanic form .sijai-, which gave us Old English so, “may it be so.” This form, unlike the sources of am and is, died out, but before disappearing it had combined with Old English g?a to form the compound g?, the ancestor of our word yes. This soe was destined to have even more of a triumph. Until around 1600 yea was used to respond to positive expressions, whereas yes was used to respond to negative expressions. After that time yes became a response to both positive and negative expressions, yea surviving primarily in voice votes.
yes 一词是说明一个普通常用词如何拥有一复杂词源的极好例证。 我们可以追溯yes 到两个印欧语词根, 代名词词干i- 和 es- “是”。 从i-的两种扩展形式,yam 和 yai, 形成了史前普通日耳曼语形式ja 和 jai, 它们又带来了古英语中的肯定虚词gea , 这便是现代英语yea 的来源。 而印欧语词根es- 是我们 am 和 is 两形式的源头。 以is- ,一个用于制造祈愿语气动词的词干, 产生出日尔曼形式sijai-, 并由此形成了古英语sie, “希望如此”。 这种形式不象am 和 is 的词源,已经灭绝了, 但在消失之前,它已经和古英语gea 混合形成复合词 gese, 即我们的单词yes 的前身。 这个sie 注定要获取更大的胜利。 直至1600年左右,yea 还被用于回答肯定的陈述; 而yes 则用于回答否定陈述。 此后,yes 既可作肯定也可否定表达的回答, yea 则主要在口头投票时使用

现代英汉词典

yes
[jes]
adv.
(用于肯定的回答, 与no相对)是;对;是的
‘Can you read this?’‘Yes’
“你能读这个吗?” “是的,我能。”
‘Is this a dictionary?’‘Yes.’
“这是一部词典吗?”“是的。”
‘Michael?’‘Yes.’
“迈克尔吗?” “是的,是迈克尔。”

词性变化

yes
n.
赞成;赞成票

现代英汉综合大辞典

yes
[jes]
int.,adv.

(1)

[表示肯定答复或同意]是, 是的:
Do you speak English?
Yes, I do. (No, I don't.)
你会说英语吗? 是, 我会。(不, 我不会。)
How pretty she is !
Yes, and clever, too.
她多么漂亮! 是呀, 而且很聪明。

(2)

[如果对方问话采用否定方式, yes 仍表示肯定答复, 但汉译承上启下, 因而相反]不:
Isn't it raining?
Yes, it is (No, it isn't.)
天没下雨吗? 不, 天下雨了。(是的, 没有下。)
Haven't you met her? Yes, I have.
你没遇见她吗? 不, 我已遇见了。
I know you don't care for this .
Oh. yes, I do care.
我知道你不在乎。哦! 不, 我倒是很在乎。

(3)

[表示疑问或反问; 读升调]是吗, 真的吗
I tell you, I can read anybody's face.
— Yes? 我告诉你, 我善于观察人们的脸色。 —真的吗?

(4)

[放在句末, 用来征求对方意见]对不对; 是不是; 好不好
We must seal every knot on the parcel
— Yes? 包裹上每个结头都必须封起来, 是不是?

(5)

[自问自答]有了
What was I asking about ? Ay, yes, I was asking what did you do yesterday.
刚才我问什么? 哦, 有了, (想起来了)我是问你昨天做了些什么。

(6)

[yes, and 加强下文的语气]而且:
I could endure, yes, and enjoy it.
我忍受得了, 而且心安理得。

词性变化

yes
n.

(1)

“行”, “是”

(2)

同意

(3)

赞成票; 投赞成票的人
You have my yeses to that.
对那件事, 我赞同。

yes
vt., vi.

(1)

(yessed; yessing)同意, 赞成, (对...)说“是”
My assistant was better at yes sing than at developing original ideas.
我的助手善于唯唯诺诺地随声附和, 而不善于发挥独特见解。
All she had to do was yes him when he wes talking.
她只要在他说话时回答“是”就行了。

(2)

【说明】yes, no都是副词, 它们可形容一个句子 “Do you really want to buy those new shoes?”“yes.”“你真的想买那双新鞋吗?”“想买。”

继承用法

yesman
n.
唯唯诺诺的人; 对上级不敢抗辩的人

yes-no-method
n.
是非法

yes-or-no-mark
n.
是或否符号

习惯用语

say yes
(常与to连用)同意, 答应

yes and no
(对问题的一种两可回答)既肯定又否定; 既是又不是; 既好又不好

英文相关词典

yes
no    

美国传统词典

yes
yes
AHD:[yμs]
D.J.[jes]
K.K.[jWs]
adv.
It is so; as you say or ask. Used to express affirmation, agreement, positive confirmation, or consent.
n.
pl. yes.es

(1)

An affirmative or consenting reply.

(2)

An affirmative vote or voter.
v.tr.
yessed, yes.sing, yes.es
To give an affirmative reply to.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English g?e [so be it!]

(3)

probably g?a [so] * see i-

(4)

soe [may it be so] * see es-

注释
The word yes is a good example of how an ordinary and frequently used word can have a complex etymology. We can trace yes back to two Indo-European roots, .i-, a pronominal stem, and .es-, “to be.” From two extended forms of .i-, .y3m and .y3, came the prehistoric Common Germanic forms .j3} and jai, which gave us Old English ge3, an affirmative particle, the source of Modern English yea. The Indo-European root .es- is the source of our forms am and is. From the stem .so- used to make verb forms in the optative mood, a mood used to express a wish, came the Germanic form .sijai-, which gave us Old English so, “may it be so.” This form, unlike the sources of am and is, died out, but before disappearing it had combined with Old English g?a to form the compound g?, the ancestor of our word yes. This soe was destined to have even more of a triumph. Until around 1600 yea was used to respond to positive expressions, whereas yes was used to respond to negative expressions. After that time yes became a response to both positive and negative expressions, yea surviving primarily in voice votes.

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

Yes

英汉法学大词典

yes
同意 ,投票赞成票者

英汉化学大词典

yes
adv.是,是吗,是不是

英汉海运大词典

yes
是,当然

英汉经贸大词典

yes
adv.是,是吗,是不是

英汉计算机大词典

yes
adv.是(是吗,是不是)

航空英语缩写词典

YES
Yankee Escape System 英式撤离系统

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