简明英汉词典

Rome
[rEum]
n.
罗马(意大利首都), [史]罗马(古意大利一城邦,后发展成为罗马帝国)

美国传统词典[双解]

Rome
Rome
AHD:[r?m]
D.J.[roum]
K.K.[rom]
NONE(无词性)

(1)

The capital and largest city of Italy, in the west-central part of the country on the Tiber River. Traditionally founded by Romulus and Remus, it was ruled first by Etruscans, who were overthrown c. 500 b.c. The Roman Republic gradually extended its territory and expanded its influence, giving way to the Roman Empire during the reign of Augustus (27 b.c. - a.d. 14). As capital of the empire, Rome was considered the center of the known world, but the city declined when Constantine transferred his capital to Byzantium (323). Alaric I conquered the city in 410, leading to a lengthy period of devastation by barbarian tribes. In the Middle Ages the city revived as the spiritual and temporal power of the papacy increased. During the 1800's Rome was held at various times by the French until it became the capital of Italy in 1871. Vatican City remains an independent enclave within the confines of Rome. Population, 2,830,569.
罗马:意大利的首都及最大城市,在该国中西部,濒临台伯河。传统上认为罗马由罗穆卢斯和瑞摩斯创建,伊特鲁里亚人最先统治罗马,并于公元前 500年被推翻。罗马共和国逐渐扩展领土和扩大势力,在奥古斯都( 公元前 27年- 公元 14年)统治时期成为罗马帝国。罗马作为帝国的首都,被认为是世界的中心,当康斯坦丁把国都迁往拜占庭后(323年),罗马衰落了。阿拉里克一世于410年征服了罗马从而使野蛮部落给罗马带来长期毁灭性的灾难。中世纪时,随着教皇宗教和世俗权力的上升,罗马又恢复了生机。19世纪期间,罗马不时受到法国人的统治,直至1871成为意大利的首都。梵蒂冈仍为罗马境内独立的外国领地。人口2,830,569

(2)

A city of northwest Georgia northwest of Atlanta. It was established in 1834 on the site of a Cherokee settlement. Population, 30,326.
罗马:美国佐治亚州西北部一城市,位于亚特兰大西北部。该市于1834年建在一个彻诺基人社区的遗址上。人口30,326

(3)

A city of central New York on the Mohawk River west-northwest of Utica. Because of its location as a portage point, the city was strategically important during the French and Indian Wars and the American Revolution. Population, 44,350.
罗马:美国纽约州中部一城市,位于尤蒂卡西北偏西的莫霍克河沿岸。由于该市处于水陆交通要道,它在法国对印第安人的战争及美国独立革命时期具有重要的战略意义。人口44,350

(4)

See Roman Empire
参见 Roman Empire

现代英汉词典

Rome
[rEJm]
n.
罗马(意大利)

现代英汉综合大辞典

Rome
[rEum]
n.

(1)

罗马(意大利首都)

(2)

【史】罗马城; 罗马城邦; 罗马(奴隶制)共和国; 罗马帝国
All roads lead to Rome.
[谚]条条大路通罗马; 殊途同归。

习惯用语

Do in Rome as Rome does [as the Romans do].
[谚]入国问禁, 入乡随俗。

fiddle while Rome is burning
大难临头依然寻欢作乐; 对大事漠不关心

Rome was not built in a day.
[谚]罗马城非朝夕建成; 伟业非一日之功。

美国传统词典

Rome
Rome
AHD:[r?m]
D.J.[roum]
K.K.[rom]
NONE

(1)

The capital and largest city of Italy, in the west-central part of the country on the Tiber River. Traditionally founded by Romulus and Remus, it was ruled first by Etruscans, who were overthrown c. 500 b.c. The Roman Republic gradually extended its territory and expanded its influence, giving way to the Roman Empire during the reign of Augustus (27 b.c. - a.d. 14). As capital of the empire, Rome was considered the center of the known world, but the city declined when Constantine transferred his capital to Byzantium (323). Alaric I conquered the city in 410, leading to a lengthy period of devastation by barbarian tribes. In the Middle Ages the city revived as the spiritual and temporal power of the papacy increased. During the 1800's Rome was held at various times by the French until it became the capital of Italy in 1871. Vatican City remains an independent enclave within the confines of Rome. Population, 2,830,569.

(2)

A city of northwest Georgia northwest of Atlanta. It was established in 1834 on the site of a Cherokee settlement. Population, 30,326.

(3)

A city of central New York on the Mohawk River west-northwest of Utica. Because of its location as a portage point, the city was strategically important during the French and Indian Wars and the American Revolution. Population, 44,350.

(4)

See Roman Empire

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