简明英汉词典

mediterranean
[7meditE5reinjEn]
(海等)被陆地包围的, 几乎全部被陆地包围的

基本词义

Mediterranean
[7meditE5reinjEn]
n.
地中海(=Mediterranean sea, 位于欧, 亚, 非三大洲之间), 地中海沿岸的居民
adj.
地中海的, 地中海民族的

美国传统词典[双解]

mediterranean
med.i.ter.ra.ne.an
AHD:[mμd”1-t…-r3“n?-…n, -r3n“y…n]
D.J.[7medit*6reini8*n, -6reinj*n]
K.K.[7mWd!t*6reni*n, -6renj*n]
adj.(形容词)
Surrounded nearly or completely by dry land. Used of large bodies of water, such as lakes or seas.
地中海的:几乎被陆地所包围或完全被陆地所包围的。用于指较大的水体,如湖泊或海洋

语源

(1)

Latin mediterr3s [inland]
拉丁语 mediterr3s [内陆]

(2)

medius [middle] * see medhyo-
medius [中间的] *参见 medhyo-

(3)

terra [land] * see ters-
terra [陆地] *参见 ters-

注释
When one hears the word mediterranean, one thinks of a specific place and perhaps of the great cultures that have surrounded it. But the word can also apply to any large body of water that is surrounded completely or almost completely by dry land. This usage goes back to the use in Late Latin of the Latin word mediterr3, the source of our word, as part of the name Mediterr3e for the mostly landlocked Mediterranean Sea. But Latin mediterr3, which is derived from medius, “the middle of, the heart of,” and terra, “land,” in Classical Latin actually meant “remote from the coast, inland.” In Late Latin, in referring to the sea, mediterr3s probably meant originally “in the middle of the earth” rather than “surrounded by land,” for to the Mediterranean cultures without knowledge of much of the earth, the Mediterranean Sea was in the center of the world. Our word mediterranean is first recorded in English in 1594 as the name of the sea.
当一个人听说mediterranean 这个词时, 他所想到的是一具体的地方,而且可能还想到了这个地方周围的那些伟大文明。但这个词同样可以用来指任何几乎被陆地所包围或完全被陆地所包围的大水体。这个用法可以追溯到近代拉丁文中mediterraneus 这个词, 就是我们这个词的词源,亦即表绝大部分被陆地所包围的地中海的名称Mediterraneum mare 的组成部分。 但是拉丁词mediterraneus ,从 medius 意为“…中间的,…的中心”派生而来的,以及意为“陆地”的 terra 这个词, 在古典拉丁语中的确切含义为“远离海岸的,内陆的”。 在近代拉丁语中,当mediterraneus 这个词用来指地中海时, 其最早的含义可能是“在地球中央的”,而不是“被陆地所包围的”,因为对于缺乏有关地球知识的各地中海文明来说,地中海就是世界的中心。我们这里所说的英语单词mediterranean 最早于1594年出现于英语中, 也是用来指地中海

基本词义

Mediterranean
Med.i.ter.ra.ne.an
AHD:[mμd”1-t…-r3“n?-…n] 缩写 Medit.
D.J.[7medit*6reini8*n]
K.K.[7mWd!t*6reni*n]
NONE(无词性)
The region surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. Some of the most ancient civilizations flourished in the region, which was dominated for millenniums by Phoenicia, Carthage, Greece, Sicily, and Rome.
地中海沿岸地区的:地中海周围的地区。一些最古老的文明曾在这里繁荣兴盛。这一地区先后为腓尼基人、迦太基人、希腊人、西西里人以及罗马所统治

继承用法

Mediterranean
adj.(形容词)
n.(名词)

现代英汉词典

Mediterranean
[medItE5reInIEn]
adj.
地中海的;地中海附近(各国)的

现代英汉综合大辞典

mediterranean
[7meditE5reinjEn]
adj.

(1)

(海等)被陆地包围的, 几乎全部被陆地包围的

(2)

(陆地)远离海岸的; 内地的

基本词义

Mediterranean
[7meditE5reinjEn]
n.

(1)

(=MediterraneanSea)地中海

(2)

地中海地区的高加索人
the Mediterranean race
地中海沿岸的高加索人种

词性变化

Mediterranean
[7meditE5reinjEn]
adj.
地中海(地区)的
Mediterranean climate
地中海气候
Mediterranean Sea
地中海②地中海沿岸的高加索人的 ③[m-]陆地包围着的

用法词典

Mediterranean
源自拉丁语mediterraneus
美国传统词典

mediterranean
med.i.ter.ra.ne.an
AHD:[mμd”1-t…-r3“n?-…n, -r3n“y…n]
D.J.[7medit*6reini8*n, -6reinj*n]
K.K.[7mWd!t*6reni*n, -6renj*n]
adj.
Surrounded nearly or completely by dry land. Used of large bodies of water, such as lakes or seas.

语源

(1)

Latin mediterr3s [inland]

(2)

medius [middle] * see medhyo-

(3)

terra [land] * see ters-

注释
When one hears the word mediterranean, one thinks of a specific place and perhaps of the great cultures that have surrounded it. But the word can also apply to any large body of water that is surrounded completely or almost completely by dry land. This usage goes back to the use in Late Latin of the Latin word mediterr3, the source of our word, as part of the name Mediterr3e for the mostly landlocked Mediterranean Sea. But Latin mediterr3, which is derived from medius, “the middle of, the heart of,” and terra, “land,” in Classical Latin actually meant “remote from the coast, inland.” In Late Latin, in referring to the sea, mediterr3s probably meant originally “in the middle of the earth” rather than “surrounded by land,” for to the Mediterranean cultures without knowledge of much of the earth, the Mediterranean Sea was in the center of the world. Our word mediterranean is first recorded in English in 1594 as the name of the sea.

基本词义

Mediterranean
Med.i.ter.ra.ne.an
AHD:[mμd”1-t…-r3“n?-…n] Abbr. Medit.
D.J.[7medit*6reini8*n]
K.K.[7mWd!t*6reni*n]
NONE
The region surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. Some of the most ancient civilizations flourished in the region, which was dominated for millenniums by Phoenicia, Carthage, Greece, Sicily, and Rome.

继承用法

Mediterranean
adj.
n.

英汉船舶大词典

mediterranean
n.被陆地包围的

英汉地质大词典

mediterranean
n.地中地槽,陆间地槽,地中海型

英汉化学大词典

mediterranean
adj.被陆地包围的

英汉海运大词典

mediterranean
(海)被陆地包围的,(陆地)远离海岸的,内地的被陆地包围的(海)远离海岸的(陆地)地中海

基本词义

Mediterranean
(海)被陆地包围的,(陆地)远离海岸的,内地的

基本词义

Mediterranean
被陆地包围的(海)远离海岸的(陆地)内地的

基本词义

Mediterranean
地中海

英汉计算机大词典

mediterranean
adj.被陆地包围的

英汉建筑大词典

Mediterranean
n.地中海

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