简明英汉词典

Jew
[dVu:]
n.
犹太人, 犹太教徒

美国传统词典[双解]

Jew
Jew
AHD:[j?]
D.J.[d9u8]
K.K.[d9u]
n.(名词)

(1)

An adherent of Judaism as a religion or culture.
犹太人:在宗教或文化方面秉持犹太主义的拥护者

(2)

A member of the widely dispersed people originally descended from the ancient Hebrews and sharing an ethnic heritage based on Judaism.
犹太教徒:古代希伯来人的广泛分布的后代子孙,他们沿袭着犹太教的种族传统

(3)

A native or inhabitant of the ancient kingdom of Judah.
古犹大人:古代犹大王国人或居住者

语源

(1)

Middle English Jeu
中古英语 Jeu

(2)

from Old French giu
源自 古法语 giu

(3)

from Latin I?s
源自 拉丁语 I?s

(4)

from Greek Ioudaios
源自 希腊语 Ioudaios

(5)

from Aramaic yμ3y}
源自 阿拉姆语 yμ3y}

(6)

from Hebrew yμ?
源自 希伯来语 yμ?

(7)

after yμa [Judah, son of Jacob and Leah]
源自 yμa [犹大,雅各和利亚的儿子]

用法
It is widely recognized that the attributive use of the noun Jew, in phrases such as Jew lawyer or Jew ethics, is both offensive and vulgar. In such contexts Jewish is the only acceptable possibility. But some people have become so wary of this construction that they have overgeneralized the anathema to any use of the noun, a practice that carries risks of its own. In a sentence such as There are now several Jews on the council, which is unexceptionable, the substitution of a circumlocution like Jewish people or persons of Jewish background may unwittingly suggest an unwarranted and hence suspect delicacy.
通常认为名词Jew 用作定语的用法是无礼的和粗俗的,例如 犹太人律师 或 犹太种族 。 在这样的上下文中,Jewish 是唯一可能被接受的。 但一些人对这种构词方式已变得极为小心,以至他们将针对这个名词任何用法上的厌恶过于一般化,这是一种给这个词带来危险的作法。例这句话在现在的内阁里有一些犹太人 就是无懈可击的, 一种迂回的替换说法象犹太人 或 有犹太背景的人 可以无意之中表明这只是一个未证实的事, 因此只是一种微妙的猜测

现代英汉词典

Jew
[dVu:]
n.

(1)

犹太人

(2)

〈贬〉守财奴

现代英汉综合大辞典

Jew
[dVu:]
n.

(1)

犹太人, 信犹太教者

(2)

[贬]高利贷者; 守财奴; 奸商

(3)

希伯来人; 善于讨价还价的人
go to the Jews
[俚]向高利贷者借钱

词性变化

Jew
[dVu:]
vt.
欺骗, 杀价
I wanted
$100
for my recorder, but he Jewed me down to
$50.我要以一百美元卖我的录音机, 但他压价到五十美元。

继承用法

Jew-baiter
n.
迫害犹太人者

Jew-baiting
n.
迫害犹太人

Jew-dom
n.

(1)

[集合词]犹太人, 犹太人世界

(2)

犹太教

习惯用语

(as)rich as a Jew
极富, 很有钱

wandering Jew
流浪者

worth a Jew's eye
[口]非常贵重

美国传统词典

Jew
Jew
AHD:[j?]
D.J.[d/u8]
K.K.[d/u]
n.

(1)

An adherent of Judaism as a religion or culture.

(2)

A member of the widely dispersed people originally descended from the ancient Hebrews and sharing an ethnic heritage based on Judaism.

(3)

A native or inhabitant of the ancient kingdom of Judah.

语源

(1)

Middle English Jeu

(2)

from Old French giu

(3)

from Latin I?s

(4)

from Greek Ioudaios

(5)

from Aramaic yμ3y}

(6)

from Hebrew yμ?

(7)

after yμa [Judah, son of Jacob and Leah]

用法
It is widely recognized that the attributive use of the noun Jew, in phrases such as Jew lawyer or Jew ethics, is both offensive and vulgar. In such contexts Jewish is the only acceptable possibility. But some people have become so wary of this construction that they have overgeneralized the anathema to any use of the noun, a practice that carries risks of its own. In a sentence such as There are now several Jews on the council, which is unexceptionable, the substitution of a circumlocution like Jewish people or persons of Jewish background may unwittingly suggest an unwarranted and hence suspect delicacy.

英汉船舶大词典

jew
n.犹太人

英汉航海大词典

jew
n.犹太人

英汉经贸大词典

jew
n.犹太人

英汉汽车大词典

jew
n.颚,颚板,钳口

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